DICTIONARY OFARCHITECTURE &CONSTRUCTION
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DICTIONARY OFARCHITECTURE &CONSTRUCTION2300 illustrationsFourth EditionEdited byCyril M. HarrisProfessor Emeritus of Archi...
Copyright © 2006, 2000, 1993, 1975 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Manufactured in the United Stat...
We hope you enjoy thisMcGraw-Hill eBook! Ifyou’d like more information about this book,its author, or related books and we...
This book is dedicated to the memory of Adolph K. Placzek,Avery Librarian at Columbia University, whose leadershipmade Ave...
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PREFACEThis Fourth Edition of the Dictionary of Architecture & Construction defines more terms inarchitecture and building...
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ixACKNOWLEDGMENTSThe editor owes a special debt to the core group of 54 contributors who helpedestablish the high standard...
xAssociation; Illuminating Engineering Society; National Builder’s Hardware Association;and American Concrete Institute (A...
ABOUT THE EDITORCyril M. Harris, Ph.D., is Professor Emeritus of Architecture in the Graduate School ofArchitecture, Plann...
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Å Abbr. for angstrom.A 1. Abbr. for ampere, a unit of electric current.2. Abbr. for area.AA Abbr. for the “Architectural A...
abat-voix In a church, a sound reflector behindand over a pulpit.a web between, so that two cells are formedwhen the block...
abside Same as apse.absidiole Same as apsidiole.absolute humidity The mass of water vaporper unit volume of air.absolute p...
absorption rate, initial rate of absorptionThe weight of water absorbed when a brick is par-tially immersed for one minute...
accelerating admixture An admixture thatspeeds the setting and/or the early strengthdevelopment of hydraulic concrete.acce...
access panel A removable panel (usually securedwith screws) in a frame which is usually mounted ina ceiling or wall; provi...
acetylene A colorless gas, when mixed withoxygen, burns at a temperature of about 3500°C;used in welding.acetylene torch A...
with sound waves; acoustical is used when theterm being qualified does not explicitly desig-nate something that has the pr...
acropolis 1. The elevated stronghold of a Greekcity, usually with the temple of the patron divinity.2. (cap.) The Acropoli...
actinic glass A glass having a yellow tintwhich reduces the transmission of infrared andultraviolet rays; sometimes used i...
addendum11Adam style An architectural style based on thework of Robert Adam (1728–1792) and hisbrothers, predominant in En...
addition 1.A floor or floors, a room, wing, orother expansion to an existing building. 2.Inbuilding code usage: Any new co...
adjustable hanger A hanger having a provi-sion for adjusting its length.adobe13adjustable wrench Any one of several typeso...
coating such as slaked lime acts as a stabilizingagent.adobe blasting Same as mud-capping.adobe brick Large, roughly molde...
aedes 1. In Roman antiquity, any edifice or aminor shrine, not formally consecrated. 2. Now,any chapel or temple.aedicula ...
affronted, affronté Said of animals or figuresfacing each other, as in pediments, overdoors, etc.after cooler A device tha...
agger 1. In ancient Rome, an earthwork; anartificial mound or rampart. 2. The fill for a roadover low ground.agglomerate s...
representation with a halo and supporting thebanner of the cross.agora The chief meeting place or marketplacein an ancient...
air break In a drainage system, a pipingarrangement in which a drain from an appli-ance, device, or fixture discharges int...
space in aggregate particles, usually expressed asa percentage of total volume of the mixture.air control valve Same as ai...
air-entraining hydraulic cement Hydrau-lic cement which contains an air-entrainingagent in an amount such as to cause air ...
of time as a result of the difference in air pressureon its opposite faces. 2.In ductwork, air whichescapes from a joint, ...
air reheater In a heating system, any device usedto add heat to the air circulating in the system.air release valve A valv...
compressibility of air to promote a more uniformflow of water in a piping system.air void A space which is filled with air...
aleatorium In ancient Roman architecture, aroom in which dice games were played.ale house In an early British or American ...
alignment 1.An adjustment in a straight line. 2.The theoretical, definitive lines that establish theposition of constructi...
alley 1. A service way providing a secondarypublic means of access to abutting properties; anarrow passageway between or b...
almery See ambry.almocarabe Same as ajaraca.almond An aureole of elliptical form.almonry A building or part thereof where ...
flowing in one direction in the circuit and thenflowing in the opposite direction; each com-plete repetition is called a c...
ambrices In ancient Roman construction, thecross laths inserted between the rafter and tilesof a roof.ambry, almary, almer...
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Dictionary of architecture & construction
Dictionary of architecture & construction
Dictionary of architecture & construction
Dictionary of architecture & construction
Dictionary of architecture & construction
Dictionary of architecture & construction
Dictionary of architecture & construction
Dictionary of architecture & construction
Dictionary of architecture & construction
Dictionary of architecture & construction
Dictionary of architecture & construction
Dictionary of architecture & construction
Dictionary of architecture & construction
Dictionary of architecture & construction
Dictionary of architecture & construction
Dictionary of architecture & construction
Dictionary of architecture & construction
Dictionary of architecture & construction
Dictionary of architecture & construction
Dictionary of architecture & construction
Dictionary of architecture & construction
Dictionary of architecture & construction
Dictionary of architecture & construction
Dictionary of architecture & construction
Dictionary of architecture & construction
Dictionary of architecture & construction
Dictionary of architecture & construction
Dictionary of architecture & construction
Dictionary of architecture & construction
Dictionary of architecture & construction
Dictionary of architecture & construction
Dictionary of architecture & construction
Dictionary of architecture & construction
Dictionary of architecture & construction
Dictionary of architecture & construction
Dictionary of architecture & construction
Dictionary of architecture & construction
Dictionary of architecture & construction
Dictionary of architecture & construction
Dictionary of architecture & construction
Dictionary of architecture & construction
Dictionary of architecture & construction
Dictionary of architecture & construction
Dictionary of architecture & construction
Dictionary of architecture & construction
Dictionary of architecture & construction
Dictionary of architecture & construction
Dictionary of architecture & construction
Dictionary of architecture & construction
Dictionary of architecture & construction
Dictionary of architecture & construction
Dictionary of architecture & construction
Dictionary of architecture & construction
Dictionary of architecture & construction
Dictionary of architecture & construction
Dictionary of architecture & construction
Dictionary of architecture & construction
Dictionary of architecture & construction
Dictionary of architecture & construction
Dictionary of architecture & construction
Dictionary of architecture & construction
Dictionary of architecture & construction
Dictionary of architecture & construction
Dictionary of architecture & construction
Dictionary of architecture & construction
Dictionary of architecture & construction
Dictionary of architecture & construction
Dictionary of architecture & construction
Dictionary of architecture & construction
Dictionary of architecture & construction
Dictionary of architecture & construction
Dictionary of architecture & construction
Dictionary of architecture & construction
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