Writing as a Process
The main purpose of this work is
to identify and examine the
components, which are essential
to planning and executing the...
The objectives of the work are:
 to give general information about writing as a complex





process;
to describe all...
While elaborating this research investigation the
following research methods were used:

 Classification;

 Argumentatio...
 INTRODUCTION
 THREE CHAPTERS
 CONCLUSIONS
 BIBLIOGRAPHY
APPENDIX
Chapter I
The basic tools and efficient strategies of the
writing process
The Writing Process

Pre-writing

Drafting

Revi...
Pre-writing techniques
 Brainstorming or

 Clustering or

listing;
branching;
 Freewriting;
 Asking questions;
 Keepi...
Chapter II
Generating well-developed assignments of
specific types of writing essays
Different Types of Essays

Narrative ...
The structure of the essay:
 Introductory paragraph

Introduces the thesis statement, which states the
main idea of the e...
Chapter III
Experimental work dealing with the theoretical
patterns of composing an essay
45

The experimental group:

40
...
The control group:
60

The results of the pre-

writing questionnaire;

50

The results of the post-

40

writing questi...
CONCLUSION
To sum up, the writing process is learning how to write
working through several essential stages as
pre-writing...
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writing as a process

  1. 1. Writing as a Process
  2. 2. The main purpose of this work is to identify and examine the components, which are essential to planning and executing the steps in the writing process of different patterns of essay.
  3. 3. The objectives of the work are:  to give general information about writing as a complex     process; to describe all the stages of writing an essay; to define the most useful pre-writing techniques for generating ideas; to identify different types of essay and analyze them; to carry out an experiment in “Alexandru cel Bun” High School that deals with developing writing skills.
  4. 4. While elaborating this research investigation the following research methods were used:  Classification;  Argumentation;  Comparison;  Association;  Analysis;  Synthesis;  Description;  Experimentation.
  5. 5.  INTRODUCTION  THREE CHAPTERS  CONCLUSIONS  BIBLIOGRAPHY APPENDIX
  6. 6. Chapter I The basic tools and efficient strategies of the writing process The Writing Process Pre-writing Drafting Revising • The writer determines the audience and the purpose of his work; • He explores his topic, using various prewriting techniques. • He produces the first • He adds, deletes and piece of writing; • He uses sentences and paragraphs to put his ideas and thoughts together. rearranges sentences to make sense; • He edits grammar, spelling and punctuation problems within the content.
  7. 7. Pre-writing techniques  Brainstorming or  Clustering or listing; branching;  Freewriting;  Asking questions;  Keeping a journal;  Talking;  Planning on a  Note taking. word processor;
  8. 8. Chapter II Generating well-developed assignments of specific types of writing essays Different Types of Essays Narrative Essay It is used to write a story in a sequence of events. Expository Essay It is used to investigate an idea and explain how it works. Descriptive Essay It is used to describe the way that things look, sound, feel, taste or smell. Comparison-and-Contrast Essay It is used to show the differences or similarities between two or more things.
  9. 9. The structure of the essay:  Introductory paragraph Introduces the thesis statement, which states the main idea of the essay.  Body paragraph Provides supporting statements with examples for the thesis.  Concluding paragraph Involves the summary of all details supporting the thesis statement and restates the major points.
  10. 10. Chapter III Experimental work dealing with the theoretical patterns of composing an essay 45 The experimental group: 40  The results of the pre-writing questionnaire; 35 30  The results of the post-writing 25 questionnaire; 20 15 10 5 0 2 3 4 5
  11. 11. The control group: 60 The results of the pre- writing questionnaire; 50 The results of the post- 40 writing questionnaire; 30 20 10 0 2 3 4 5
  12. 12. CONCLUSION To sum up, the writing process is learning how to write working through several essential stages as pre-writing, drafting and revising. This process guides writers to organize their thoughts and ideas, therefore, pre-writing is the most important stage for exploring the subject and the writer’s own ideas . It is important to mention, the pre-writing techniques which were used during the experimental work contributed to the development of the learners’ writing skills, in addition, this work is a good opportunity for applying it in high schools and colleges by teachers and students of English.

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