GEOGRAPHYNew Zealand :is an island countrylocated in the southwestern PacificOcean. The country geographicallycomprises two main landmasses ‒ thatof the North and South Islands ‒ aswell as numerous smaller islands.New Zealand is situated some 1,500kilometres east of Australia
The history of New Zealand dates backat least 700 years to when it wasdiscovered and settled by Polynesians.For a developed country, NewZealands economy is still verydependent on farming, although theold trinity of meat, dairy and wool hasbeen supplemented by fruit, wine,timber and other products. Tourism isa major industry, and the country hasbeen successful in attracting severalmajor film productions, most notablythe Lord of the Rings trilogy.
kiwiKiwi are flightless birds endemic toNew Zealand, in the genus Apteryxand family ApterygidaeThe kiwi is a national symbol of NewZealand, and the association is sostrong that the term Kiwi is used allover the world as the colloquialdemonym for New Zealanders.
The Kakapo also called owl parrot, is aspecies of large, flightless nocturnalparrot endemic to New Zealand.The Kakapo, like many other NewZealand bird species, was historicallyimportant to the Māori, theindigenous people of NewZealand, appearing in many of theirtraditional legends and folklore. It washunted and used as a resource byMāori, both for its meat as a foodsource and for its feathers, which wereused to make highly valued pieces ofclothing. It was also sometimes kept asa pet.
The species is still present in thelocation where it was rediscovered inthe Murchison Mountains. Smallnumbers have also been successfullytranslocated to four predator-freeoffshore islands.The near-extinction of the Takahē isdue to a number of factors: over-hunting, loss of habitat and introducedpredators have all played a part
The tuatara is a reptile endemic toNew Zealand which, though itresembles most lizards, is actually partof a distinct lineage, orderSphenodontia.Adult tuatara are terrestrial andnocturnal reptiles, though they willoften bask in the sun to warm theirbodies
TradeNew Zealand is heavily dependent oninternational trade, particularly inagricultural products.New Zealand vulnerable tointernational commodity prices andglobal economic slowdowns. Itsprincipal export industries areagriculture, horticulture, fishing, forestry and mining, which make up abouthalf of the countrys exports
CULTUREMore recentlyAmerican, Australian, Asian and otherEuropean cultures have exertedinfluence on New Zealand. Non-MāoriPolynesian cultures are alsoapparent, with Pasifika, the worldslargest Polynesian festival, now anannual event in Auckland.
ECONOMYNew Zealands most famous touristdestinations.
SPORTSsoccer is the most popular among young people Adventure travel is a type of tourism, involvingand rugby union attracts the most spectators. exploration or travel to remote, exotic and possibly hostile areas
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