Ww2 Japanese POW Death Marches


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powerpoint giving background information about Japanese death marches during WWII and a character analysis for the two main characters

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Ww2 Japanese POW Death Marches

  1. 1. WW2 Japanese P.O.W Camps & Death Marches Connection to “ A Town Like Alice” by Nevil Shute
  2. 2. Background Information about Camps <ul><li>More than 140,000 prisoners lived in these camps </li></ul><ul><li>Every one in three died of starvation, work, punishment, or disease </li></ul><ul><li>If any tried to escape they were executed while prisoners watched. Sometimes ten others were executed with them </li></ul><ul><li>The majority were forced to work in mines, fields, shipyards and factories. </li></ul><ul><li>They usually had a diet of 600 calories daily. </li></ul><ul><li>Approximately 61,000 were put to work building the railroad. Of these, 13,000 died. </li></ul>
  3. 4. Death Marches <ul><li>Two of the most well known death marches were the marches to the Sandakan and Bataan POW camps </li></ul><ul><li>“ The calculated campaign of brutality began as soon as the exhausted American and Filipino soldiers on Bataan collapsed under the overwhelming weight of the enemy assault. What was in store for them was to begin with ‘the march of death’- and Dyess reported that, beaten and hopeless as they were, they never would have surrendered if they had guessed what lay ahead.” </li></ul>
  4. 5. Sadakan-Ranau Death March <ul><li>These were a series of marches beginning in March of 1945, between Sdakan and Ranau which resulted in more than 3,600 deaths Indonesians civilian slave laborers. </li></ul><ul><li>At the end of these marches, only 38 prisoners left alive in July of 1945. They were all shot 12 days after the end of the war. </li></ul><ul><li>During the marches six Australians managed to escape. Three lived the effects of their imprisonment to give eye-witness accounts of war crimes committed by the Japanese. </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>The AIF section of a cemetery at Sandakan prisoner-of </li></ul><ul><li>war camp </li></ul>
  6. 7. Background information on “A Town Like Alice” <ul><li>People living in Malay were captured by the Japanese. The men were sent to a camp, and the women and children were to be sent to another. Day after day they marched to different places accompanied by a guard hoping that there would be a camp at the end of the march. Of the 32 that began, when they reached Kuala Telang there were only 17 left. </li></ul><ul><li>Along the way they met two Australian men that were driving trucks for the Japanese. One of them, Joe Harman, went to great lengths to get these women medicine, and other provisions. At one point he stole chickens to give to them. Captain Sugamo, the owner of the chickens, crucified Joe. Jean Pageat and Joe had developed a friendship and she was devastated by this. </li></ul><ul><li>We find out later that because Captain Sugamo couldn’t grant Joe’s dying wish, he took him off the tree he was nailed to, and sent him to a hospital. Six years later Jean finds out that he isn’t dead, and she decides to go and search for him in Australia. Right around the same time, Joe finds out that she isn’t married, and goes to England to look for her. </li></ul>
  7. 8. Effects of being POW <ul><li>Forty years after the war there was a study done comparing Australian POWs held by the Japanese with a group of non-POW combatants. </li></ul><ul><li>“ The POWs were significantly more depressed than were the control subjects, but the two groups did not differ in prevalence of anxiety symptoms or alcohol problems“ </li></ul>
  8. 9. Character Analysis <ul><li>Jean Paget: six years later she is able to sleep on the floor again, and she can go back to living and working with the Malays. Because of her experiences in the march and living in Kuala Telang she is able to adapt to living in Willstown and Midhurst in Australia. No lasting psychological effects. </li></ul>
  9. 10. Character Analysis continued <ul><li>Joe Harman: being a POW had more of a lasting effect on Joe than it did on Jean. He was tortured and now has scars. He also moves somewhat stiffly now. He was used to living in the outback before the war, so the climate wasn’t too different. There were no serious psychological effects. </li></ul>
  10. 11. Bibliography <ul><li>&quot;World War Two - Prisoner of War Camps in Japan.&quot; History on the Net Main Page . 21 May 2009 <http://www.historyonthenet.com/WW2/pow_camps_japan.htm>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Stolen Years: Australian prisoners of war.&quot; Australian War Memorial . 21 May 2009 <http://www.awm.gov.au/exhibitions/stolenyears/ww2/japan/sandakan/index.asp>. </li></ul><ul><li>ImageShack? - Image Hosting . 21 May 2009 <http://img172.imageshack.us/img172/3669/patientsnv9.jpg>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Sandakan Death Marches -.&quot; Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia . 21 May 2009 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sandakan_Death_Marches>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;The psychological effects of being a prisoner of war: forty years after release -- Tennant et al. 143 (5): 618 -- Am J Psychiatry.&quot; The American Journal of Psychiatry . 21 May 2009 <http://ajp.psychiatryonline.org/cgi/content/abstract/143/5/618>. </li></ul>