Definition of reading christian l. chuaDocument Transcript
Republic of the Philippines BULACAN AGRICULTURAL STATE COLLEGE Institute of Education, Arts and Sciences Collation of Written Reports In English 135(Remedial Instruction in English) Submitted by: GROUP 3 (Reading) Christian L. Chua Lyn M. Fabores Arlene S. Pascual Maricel M. Ubaldo Clarissa A. Pelayo Mylene P. Manuel Jessa L. Villanueva Ma. KristinaV. Vinuya Evelyn S. Dela Cruz Submitted to: Dr. Alicia SP. Gomez
Christian L. ChuaBEEd 4-BEnglish 135-Remedial Instruction in EnglishGroup 3 (Reading)The Definition of Reading Reading is one of the four macro skills of the communication process taught in school.As the most commonly taught among the four skills, this macro skill serves as the foundation ofbasic knowledge in the modern times.It can be safely said that reading is the truebackbone ofmost learning. After all, everything starts with the written word — whether it’s math, science oreven home economics. As students go up the educational ladder, more reading is usuallyrequired as subjects become more dense and challenging. The difficulty level simply increases— not the other way around (The Philippine Star). In the Philippines, the Basic EducationCurriculum (BEC) of 2002 gave an emphasis to this skill in order to cater the needs of thestudents which lack most on this macro skill. However, as of the present times, linguists are stillin a search for a clear definition for this skill. The aim of this lesson is to lay some definitionsgiven by some foreign and Filipino linguists and gain an introductory understanding of this skill. 1. For many years, three basic definitions of reading have driven literacy programs in the United States. According to the first definition, learning to read means learning to pronounce words. According to the second definition, learning to read means learning to identify words and get their meaning. According to the third definition, learning to read means learning to bring meaning to a text in order to get meaning from it (Foertsch, 1998). 2. Reading is the process of constructing meaning from written texts. It is a complex skill requiring the coordination of a number of interrelated sources of information (Anderson et al., 1985) 3. Goodman explains his reading process as a type of guessing game. He says that the reader has to do two tasks at the same time: produce oral language determined by graphic input and make sense of what is being read. Goodman’s reading process is a receptive language process with connections between language and the thought in reading. The reader uses prior knowledge and depends on that knowledge they already have when reading. All of these definitions lead to only one idea. Reading is an important tool in thedevelopment of the society. We must take note that Reading is the foundation of success. Asquoted by a renowned Filipino journalist (Howie Severino), “Readers are leaders and those whocould read are most likely to express and develop their potentials and those with good readingcomprehension may have the chance to be at the top of their work in the future”. In this case, thePhilippines which has a deteriorating number of proficient readers are trying to make ways ofproviding easier approaches to reading instruction. One of which is the BASAL READERAPPROACH. The goal of this approach is for students to learn the different reading skillssystematically. For us to have a further understanding of the approach, stated here are some ofthe characteristics of this approach which will help in the teacher’s execution of this approach:
1. Subskills of each major skill vary in difficulty and complexity and are introduced to the student in a logical, prescribed order. 2. These subskills are integrated into an instructional program so that the student can interrelate them. 3. The program identifies and introduces a controlled vocabulary of new words in isolation and context. 4. Subsequent activities involve further skills development: word recognition comprehension and study skills. 5. Beginning reading methods may differ among the series: a. Code emphasis programs-emphasis on decoding skills, specifically on phonics. b. Meaning emphasis programs-focused on reading for meaning andf comprehension. To further develop the use of this approach, Araceli Villamin gave some useful sampleactivities through her book Innovative Strategies in Communication Arts. 1. Word referents The students are asked to infer who or what is being referred to by an underlined word in a sentence from a previous sentence. e.g. Ana found a new book. “May I check this out?” a) Library b) Shelf c) Book Answer: book 2. Letter and sounds context The students are asked to circle the letter of the word that completes the sentence then to write the word in the blank space provided. e.g. There are one hundred years in a century. a) Senator b) Certainly c) Century 3. Book part /general references The students are asked to use a dictionary or the glossary of a book to get the meaning of an underlined word in a sentence. e.g. The thought that she might be late for the show nagged Lorna because she was the show’s star performer. 4. Comprehension check Readers are asked to answer questions which are based on the content of an article read. e.g. What did Pedro do for his friend while it was sick?
Activity: I. Word Referents. Choose the letter of the word being referred to by the underlined word. 1. Mr. Santos talked with Raymond. “You will be granted with a scholarship by the DOST!” he said. a) Mr. Santos b) Raymond 2. The coach of the basketball team approached Eubert as he was with his friend.”I have good news for you!” he said. a) Coach b) Eubert 3. Joy is sick. She can’t go to school today, her mother said in a low voice. a) Joy b) Mother 4. Rex ate his sister’s Buco pie. This is delicious!, he exclaimed. a) Rex b) Buco pie II. Letters and sounds context. Choose the right word that would complete the blank in each sentence. Remember the rule in the letter and sounds context. Encircle the letter of the answer and write the word on the blank space provided. 1. 525,600 minutes are there in a ______. a) Year b) Fear c) Decade 2. Joyce Kilmer is a well known poet and _______. a) Novelist b) Playwright 3. One of the best _______ of today is J.K Rowlings who authored Harry Potter. a) Writers b) NovelistsIII. Book part/general references. Find the meaning of each underlined word in each sentence through the dictionary or context clues. 1. Even at a young age, Genmark’s way of speaking is already a showcase of eloquence. 2. During my first year in college, I always show aloofness to others. 3. This could be our revolution. To love what is plentiful as much as what is scarce.IV. Comprehension Check. Read the selection then answer the following questions to the best of your knowledge.
We Alone Alice Walker We alone can devalue gold by not caring if it falls or rises in the marketplace. Wherever there is gold there is a chain, you know, and if your chain is gold so much the worse for you. Feathers, shells and sea-shaped stones are all as rare. This could be our revolution: to love what is plentiful as much as what is scarce. 1. Define: a. alone b. devalue c. scarce 2. What chain does the speaker refer to? Why does he consider it worse if you have a gold chain? 3. There’s a line in the poem saying This could be our revolution: to love what is plentiful as much as what is scarce. Why does the speaker called it a revolution? How will you be a part of this?References; 1. English Macro skills by Nielo et.al.,2009 2. Exploring the world through English and American Literature. 3. Innovative Strategies in Communication Arts by Araceli Villamin. 4. http://1981melissa.wordpress.com/2010/09/11/goodman-reading-a-psycholinguistic- guessing-game/ 5. http://www.ncrel.org/sdrs/areas/issues/content/cntareas/reading/li7lk1.html
Key to Correction: I. 1. B 2. A 3. A 4. B II. 1. 525,600 minutes are there in a year. a) Year b) Fear c) Decade 2. Joyce Kilmer is a well known poet and playwright. a) Novelist b) Playwright 3. One of the best writers of today is J.K Rowlings who authored Harry Potter. a) Writers b) NovelistsIII. 1. Fluency or good way of speaking 2. Distance or being away from others 3. Lackness on somethingIV. 1. Define: a. alone b. devalue c. scarce 2. The gold chain is something that we value which in the end will be the thing to hinder our success. 3. The speaker called it a revolution because we are fighting or advocating this belief with the best that we can and we could all be a part of this revolution by means of giving value to things that we have as much as those we don’t have.