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Technologies et Innovations 2013

Technologies et Innovations 2013

« vers un nouveau champ des possibles »

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Cercle innovation IBM 2013 -  Ile Bendor Cercle innovation IBM 2013 - Ile Bendor Presentation Transcript

  • Cercle Innovation IBM – Ile de Bendor – 22 Mars Technologies et Innovations 2013 « vers un nouveau champ des possibles » Claude RIOUSSET Executive Architect Systems & Technology Group © 2013 IBM Corporation
  • Cercle Innovation IBM – Ile de Bendor – 22 MarsLa technologie est au coeur de toutes les entreprises Tous les deux ans, nous demandons à des dirigeants d’entreprise de désigner les trois facteurs externes qui auront le plus fort impact sur leur organisation. Si les facteurs de marché tiennent toujours le premier rang, les facteurs technologiques n’ont cessé de gagner en importance relative. En 2011, ce sont plus de 3000 DSI couvrant 71 pays et 18 industries qui ont partagé comment cette technologie était au cœur du changement, de l’innovation et du succès de leurs entreprises. 2011 IBM Global CIO Study « Le DSI Indispensable »“New technologies are about to disrupt the industry.”Industrial Products CIO, Germany2 © 2013 IBM Corporation
  • Cercle Innovation IBM – Ile de Bendor – 22 MarsPour la première fois, les CEO’s placent la Technologieen tête des facteurs majeurs pour leur Entreprise. External forces that will impact the organization – 2012 CEO Study3 © 2013 IBM Corporation Source: Q1 “What are the most important external forces that will impact your organization over the next 3 to 5 years?” View slide
  • Cercle Innovation IBM – Ile de Bendor – 22 MarsLa 3ème génération de l’infrastructure informatique, la 3ème phase de lInternet, et lexplosionde linformation entrent en résonance pour engendrer une transformation majeure des usages. Phases of the Internet 1964 1981 1994 2003 2008 2012 2020-2 Generations of Computing Platforms Amount of Data Collected and Stored Source: Bill Chamberlin HorizonWatch: Top Technology Trends To Watch In 20124 © 2013 IBM Corporation View slide
  • Cette technologie est lADN dIBM depuis toujours 2011+ Cognitive Computing Chip 2011 3D Chip 2011+ Watson 2010 CMOS Integrated Silicon Nanophotonics 2010 Transistor 100 GHz graphene 2009 Nano MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) 2008 World’s First Petaflop Supercomputer 2005 Cell 2004 Blue Gene/L 2003 Carbon Nanotubes 1997 Copper Interconnect Wiring 1997 Deep Blue 1994 Silicon Germanium (SiGe) 1987 High-Temperature Superconductivity 1986 Scanning Tunneling Microscope 1980 RISC 1971 Speech Recognition 1970 Relational Database 1967 Fractals 1966 One-Device Memory Cell 1957 FORTRAN 1956 RAMAC © 2013 IBM Corporation5
  • Cercle Innovation IBM – Ile de Bendor – 22 Mars Un politique d’investissement dans l’innovation, et leader depuis 20 années IBM inventors received a record 6,478 U.S. patents in 2012, marking the 20th consecutive year it has topped the list of the world’s most inventive companies. IBM became the first company to be granted as many as 5,000 U.S. patents in a single year. It took IBMs inventors more than 50 years to receive their first 5,000 patents after the company was established in 1911. IBMs first patent: U.S. Patent #998,631 issued July 25, 1911.6 © 2013 IBM Corporation
  • Cercle Innovation IBM – Ile de Bendor – 22 MarsIBM Research: The World is Our Lab Dublin • Smarter Zurich China Cities • Science • Software • Nanotech Materials • Internet of Things (IoT) Watson Haifa Almaden • Semiconductors • “Big Data” Analytics Tokyo • Analytics • Systems • Security • Integrated Solutions • Storage • Software & Services • Accessibility • Nanotech Austin India Healthcare • Semiconductors • Services • Processors • Mobile Communications Africa • Smarter Cities Brazil • Natural Resources Melbourne • Smarter Devices • Natural Resources • Human Systems / Events • Disaster Mgmt • Healthcare / LifeIBM Research Labs SciencesIBM Research – Openings in 2011IBM Research – Openings in 2012 © 2013 IBM Corporation
  • Cercle Innovation IBM – Ile de Bendor – 22 MarsVers un nouveau paysage de l’IT….8 © 2013 IBM Corporation
  • Cercle Innovation IBM – Ile de Bendor – 22 Mars…. structuré par Quatre grandes Tendances Croissance des usages / Accès simplifié Users Transactions Computations DataFacteurs technologiques Une donnée multiple 4V & plus consommable Data and data management Workloads Discovering insights Interaction L’accélération des rythmes Evolving business ecosystem Dynamic scalability Minimize time-to-value Social – Mobile – Cloud Keeping pace with technology and globalization – Big Data / Analytics Une explosion des capteurs… Proliferation of sensors and devices Demand for personalization Just in time © 2013 IBM Corporation
  • Cercle Innovation IBM – Ile de Bendor – 22 MarsVers un quatrième modèle. Confluence of Social Mobile Cloud Big Data / Analytics World Wide Web and eBusiness Client Server PC - 1981 Back Office Computing 60’s 80’s 90’s We are here © 2013 IBM Corporation
  • Cercle Innovation IBM – Ile de Bendor – 22 Mars4 Technologies clefs qui vont changer notre écosystème IT Cognitive Computing “Synapse” devices Compute+ Natural Language+ Deep Q&A Computers BIG/+ analytics Data Fast Analytics (zettabytes + milli / microseconds Big Data Exascale (Datacenter-in-a-box) Massive parallelism Flexible system Workload optimization Optimized Systems Nano Systems (Systems-on-a-chip) Photonics 1B Transistors DNA Transistor 1T Devices Nano Devices Power7 chip11 © 2013 IBM Corporation
  • Cercle Innovation IBM – Ile de Bendor – 22 MarsDes Nano Composants aux Nano Systèmes Cognitive Computing “Synapse” devices Compute+ Natural Language+ Deep Q&A Computers BIG/+ analytics Data Fast Analytics (zettabytes + milli / microseconds Big Data Exascale (Datacenter-in-a-box) Massive parallelism Flexible system Workload optimization Optimized Systems Nano Systems (Systems-on-a-chip) Photonics 1B Transistors DNA Transistor 1T Devices Nano Devices Power7 chip12 © 2013 IBM Corporation
  • Cercle Innovation IBM – Ile de Bendor – 22 MarsLa Feuille de route vers le Nanomètre…Des innovations et des ruptures technologiques à chaque étape. C Electronics Fully Depleted Devices HfO2 Si Nano-Wire Si NW ETSOI Deposited Si FINFET Conventional Planar Device 22/20 nm 15/11 nm 8 nm & Beyond 13 © 2013 IBM Corporation
  • Cercle Innovation IBM – Ile de Bendor – 22 MarsVision : >1 Tbps dans un composant complexe en 3D Light out for off-chip traffic Multiplexo r Modulato Photo- Analog Digital Inter-layer r detector CMOS CMOS 3D vias14 © 2013 IBM Corporation
  • Cercle Innovation IBM – Ile de Bendor – 22 MarsLa recherche au service de nouveaux usages: Séquencement de l’ADN15 © 2013 IBM Corporation
  • Cercle Innovation IBM – Ile de Bendor – 22 MarsDu Petascale à l’Exascale Cognitive Computing “Synapse” devices Compute+ Natural Language+ Deep Q&A Analytics Computers BIG/Fast Data + analytics (zettabytes + milli / microseconds Big Data Exascale (Datacenter-in-a-box) Massive parallelism Flexible system optimization Workload Optimized Systems Nano Systems (Systems-on-a-chip) Photonics 1B Transistors DNA Transistor 1T Devices Nano Devices Power7 chip16 © 2013 IBM Corporation
  • Cercle Innovation IBM – Ile de Bendor – 22 Mars Exascale, une nouvelle accélérationSystem Improvement(consolidation, integration, performance,power efficiency, cost/performance) 4x/2years 1000x Smarter Planet High-performance Enterprise Historic trend: 2x/2years 30x Increasingly commoditized space Now +5 yrs +10 yrs +15 yrsA large class of emerging applications (Smarter Planet, high-performance enterprise), for which network-speed processing and data/computeintensive modeling and simulation are an integral component, will require significant improvement in systems characteristics(consolidation, integration, performance, power efficiency, cost/performance). These applications represent a significant growth opportunity. © 2013 IBM Corporation
  • Cercle Innovation IBM – Ile de Bendor – 22 Mars Vers l’Exascale, via la maîtrise de nouveaux enjeux technologiques. Overall Performance = 1000X Performance / watt = 135X Performance / $ = 1000X 1 PetaFlop Footprint = <2% 72 BG/P Referenced to1PF system Racks (2007) CPU Phase Silicon Photonics Change Memory 3D Software The Next Ten Years 20 PetaFlop 96 BG/Q Racks (2011-2) 1 PetaFlop = 1/3 rackSource: http://www.theregister.co.uk/2011/08/22/ibm_bluegene_q_chip/ 18 © 2013 IBM Corporation
  • Cercle Innovation IBM – Ile de Bendor – 22 MarsDes composants au Systèmes Intégrés © 2013 IBM Corporation
  • Cercle Innovation IBM – Ile de Bendor – 22 MarsDe l’explosion des données vers une analyse réactive. Cognitive Computing Compute+ “Synapse” devices NaturalLanguage+ Deep Q&A Computers BIG/Fast Analytics Data + analytics (zettabytes + milli / microseconds Big Data Exascale (Datacenter-in-a-box) Massive parallelism Flexible system Workload optimization Optimized Systems Nano Systems (Systems-on-a-chip) Photonics 1B Transistors DNA Transistor 1T Devices Nano Device Power7 chip s20 © 2013 IBM Corporation
  • Cercle Innovation IBM – Ile de Bendor – 22 MarsLe Multimedia: La vague majeure du traitement de la Donnée Safety / Security High Exa Sophistication of Analysis Computational Needs 10s millions cameras Data Volume Video Expressiveness Healthcare Peta Med Tera Image 1B medical images/yr Customer Audio Giga Text Structured data Low 1B camera phones 1990’s 2000’s 2010’s 2020’s Media Wide Area Imagery Digital Marketing Enterprise Video Source: IBM Market Insights based on composite 72 video 100’s TB per day 12% of video views Used by 1/3 of sources hrs/minute enterprises © 2013 IBM Corporation
  • Cercle Innovation IBM – Ile de Bendor – 22 Mars After processing this data the expectation is that per year between 300 and 1500 Petabytes of data need to be stored. In comparison, the approximately 15 Petabytes*** produced by the Large Hadron Collider at CERN per22 year of operation is approximately 10 to 100 times less than the envisioned capacity of SKA. © 2013 IBM Corporation
  • An Exabyte: What is it? Exa 1’000’000’000’000’000’000 Books 1/3 *) 20’000 years full HDTV **) Earth – Sun. 1018 ~ 1 billion years Books around Peta 1’000’000’000’000’000 Earth Equator 20 years full HDTV 1015 ~ 1 million years Data Scale (log) Library of Congress Tera 1’000’000’000’000 Large Libary (50 Km of One week full HDTV 1012 books) ~ 1000 year Giga 1’000’000’000 Small Library 10 minutes full HDTV 109 (50 Meters of books) ~ 1 year Universe Lifetime (years) Mega Decent Book 1’000’000 (5cm) 106 8 hours Kilo 1’000 Half page 103 half-a-minuteRaw data rate: 14 Exabytes / day. *) = 140 books per human on earth. **) ~ 2 minutes of HDTV per human on earth.
  • Cercle Innovation IBM – Ile de Bendor – 22 MarsDe la programmation des systèmes à l’apprentissage Cognitive Computing “Synapse” devices Compute+ Natural Language+ Deep Q&A Analytics Computers BIG/Fast Data + analytics (zettabytes + milli / microseconds Big Data Exascale (Datacenter-in-a-box) Massive parallelism Flexible system optimization Workload Optimized Systems Nano Systems (Systems-on-a-chip) Photonics 1B Transistors DNA Transistor 1T Devices Nano Devices Power7 chip24 © 2013 IBM Corporation
  • Cercle Innovation IBM – Ile de Bendor – 22 MarsLes évolutions majeures du traitement de l’information Cognitive Systems Era Programmable Systems Era Tabulating Systems Era © 2013 IBM Corporation
  • Cercle Innovation IBM – Ile de Bendor – 22 MarsCognitive ComputingComplex Reasoning and Interaction Extends Human Cognition Finance Enhance decision support Healthcare Surface best protocols Legal Suggest defense/prosecution arguments Telemarketing Next generation – persuasive – call center © 2013 IBM Corporation
  • Cercle Innovation IBM – Ile de Bendor – 22 MarsDes synergies avec la recherche IBM Joint Development Agreements First-of-a-Kind (FOAK) Innovation Discovery IBM Research Services Industry Solutions Lab Workshops GTO Days Months to ~1 Year Multi-year © 2013 IBM Corporation
  • Cercle Innovation IBM – Ile de Bendor – 22 Mars Improved Personalized Cleaner Cognitive Medical Diagnosis Medicine Transportation Systems & Treatment © 2013 IBM Corporation
  • Cercle Innovation IBM – Ile de Bendor – 22 MarsClaude Riousset, Executive Architect - Systems & Technology GroupWhen it comes to the future, there are three kinds of people: those who let ithappen, those who make it happen, and those who wonder what happened.”John M. Richardson, Jr., American academic and author © 2013 IBM Corporation
  • Cercle Innovation IBM – Ile de Bendor – 22 Mars30 © 2013 IBM Corporation