CRIF Community Workshop - NEF Presentation - 18th October


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CRIF Community Workshop - NEF Presentation - 18th October

  1. 1. Cambridgeshire Community Workshop 18th October 2011 Tim Lunel Chief Executive, NEF (& Hook Norton Low Carbon Limited – Society for the Benefit of the Community)18 October 2011Community Workshop
  2. 2. Delivering community renewables• Why community renewable energy?• What is the potential for community renewables in Cambridgeshire?• How can communities deliver renewable energy projects?18 October 2011Community Workshop
  3. 3. Drivers to community renewables• Why community renewable energy? • Carbon reduction • Local resilience• Why community-led renewable energy? • Maximising community benefits • Financial income & savings • Fund further activities and projects to benefit the community • Leading local energy generation and input to future energy ‘vision’18 October 2011Community Workshop
  4. 4. Cambridgeshire renewable energy potential 1600Deployment potential (GWh) 1400 Wind >=6 turbines 1200 Wind <=5 turbines 1000 Biomass 800 ASHP 600 GSHP 400 SWH 200 PV 0 Public sector Community Commercial18 October 2011Community Workshop
  5. 5. Community renewable energy potential 30 (2.5MW) 180 • Solar PV 160 • 145MWp, 1,150,000m2 30,860 • 460 non residentialDeployment Potential (GWh) 140 43,000 • 30,400 homes (14%) 120 • Solar Water Heating 100 • 42,600m2 80 • 8,500 homes (4%) 60 • Heat pumps 8,500 40 • 43,000 homes (15%) • Wind turbines 20 • 75MW 0 • 30 turbines (2.5MW) PV SWH GSHP ASHP Wind <=5 turbines 18 October 2011 Community Workshop
  6. 6. Vision for community delivery18 October 2011Community Workshop
  7. 7. Incentives for community renewables Enable (making it easier) Sustainable Encourage Engage Development (giving the right signals) (getting people involved) Diamond Exemplify (leading by example)18 October 2011Community Workshop
  8. 8. Examples of Cambridgeshire projects• Coldham – Privately owned wind farm with community benefits• Upwell – Privately funded residential Solar PV with community benefits• Waterbeach – Biogas for community building (potential)• Coton – Community-led solar PV schemes for householders• Gamlingay – Eco Hub (in progress) and community owned wind turbine (planned)
  9. 9. Coldham wind turbines• Type: Standalone• Ownership: Private• Savings: 38.5 GWh/year - 9,000 UK homes 36,000 tonnes CO2• Community benefits: Revenue under Section 106 agreement for local projects and regeneration; Fund for education• Community input: The Co-operative Group worked closely with local community during planning and site construction18 October 2011Community Workshop
  10. 10. Upwell Park Solar PV Installations• Type: Individual households• Ownership: Private• Funding: Property developer• Savings: 68 tonnes CO2 per year; Electricity generated covers lighting and cooking for each of the 67 bungalows• Community benefits: Free electricity & FiT income passed to tenants of retirement homes18 October 2011Community Workshop
  11. 11. Waterbeach Biogas (Potential)• Type: Community building• Ownership: Community• Savings: Potential generation of electricity and heat for the Emmaus community; home to 30 people who were formerly homeless. Potential savings of £14,000/year• Community benefits: Reduction in energy bills; high savings as not on gas grid (currently bottled gas)18 October 2011Community Workshop
  12. 12. Coton Solar PV schemes for households• Type: Individual homes• Ownership: Community• Savings: energy bill reduction, electricity export and FiT income for householders• Community benefits: Over 50 households to obtain bulk discount on Solar PV; Community Investment Scheme (no capital outlay) for Solar PV.• Community input: eCoton group set up by local villagers18 October 2011Community Workshop
  13. 13. Gamlingay Eco Hub & wind turbine (planned)• Type: Community building • Type: Standalone• Ownership: Parish Council • Ownership: Community group• Funding: Loan (Public Works Loan Board • Funding: Entirely private investment or Community Building) from residents and businesses• Savings: FiT, reduction in energy bills • Savings: 400+ tonnes of CO2 over lifetime• Community benefits: Income from FiT & • Community benefits: 10% net income to energy export; new community centre community fund for first 15 years of FiT• Community input: Gamlingay estimated at £200,000 Environmental Action Group • Community input: Owned and managed by Gamlingay Community Turbine Ltd formed of local residents18 October 2011Community Workshop
  14. 14. Project ownership & leadership Standalone Community Individual systems buildings homes Community lead Projects on buildings Community set up planning, funding, owned by incentive schemes Community-led management to community group. for household maximise community purchase e.g. bulk benefits. discount. Joint ventures to Projects in Community work increase resources partnership with with partner e.g. Co-led for delivery with local building & land Parish Council to set shared benefits. owners. up incentive scheme. Some community Led by building Commercially led benefits agreed, but owner/private household incentive Partner-led led by private developer but with scheme e.g. rent a developer. community benefits. roof.18 October 2011Community Workshop
  15. 15. CRIF Governance & Legal Resources• Resources to help you choose governance arrangements & legal status• Key considerations: • Motivation of the group • Approach to financial risk • Level of control • Availability of resources: time, energy, money, skills and experience • Aims for profit generation and distribution • Requirement for loans, equity, share issues or grants18 October 2011Community Workshop
  16. 16. Governance Options Source: Social Enterprise Coalition and Bates Wells & Braithwaite (BWB) October 2011Community Workshop
  17. 17. CRIF Finance Options Resource Advantages ChallengesGrants • Kick start projects • Accessible • Short term • Funder priorities • No debts • Pay upfront costs • High competition • Time intensive • Low-success rate • LimitationsLoans • Progress projects • Encourages • Suitability • Loan security forward planning • Favourable • Liability for repayment(Debt Finance) terms • No limitations • Maintenance of cash flow • SustainableEquity • Widens stakeholders • Raise • Risky for investor • Heavily significant capital via share issues regulated • Professional advice(Share Issue) needed • Low interest rates • AdminCommercial • Commercial partners well placed • Rarely provide core funding to access finance • Sharing of project benefitsPartners18 October 2011Community Workshop
  18. 18. CRIF Finance and Governance Resources18 October 2011Community Workshop
  19. 19. National resources for communities• Community Pathways website• Questions/filters to find right approach for your group: • What sort of level of maturity and experience best describes your group? • Just starting up; Finding your feet; Well established • How much experience does your group have? • None; A little; Some; Many projects • What level of funding does your group have or can find? • None; Low; Modest; High • What is your neighbourhood like? • Any; Rural; Urban
  20. 20. Local United Action Packs
  21. 21. Low Carbon Communities Network
  22. 22. energyshare
  23. 23. Workshop discussion1. Are you already delivering a renewable energy project?2. What ideas do you have for potential renewable energy projects?3. What level of project ownership would you seek?4. What would help you develop and deliver these?18 October 2011Community Workshop
  24. 24. Workshop Conclusion1. Have we identified a core group of Communities who want to maximise benefits to their community by being Early Adopters?2. Are there common themes to community projects for Cambridgeshire?3. Is there interest to form a virtual, community peer-to-peer support network for Cambridgeshire?18 October 2011Community Workshop
  25. 25. Cambridgeshire Community Contacts• South Cambridgeshire District Council • Richard Hales ( and Siobhan Melon; Tel: 01954 713135• Huntingdonshire District Council • Tracy Martin and Chris Jablonski (, (; Tel: 01480 388347• East Cambridgeshire District Council • Suzanne Goff (; Tel: 01353 616379• Fenland District Council • Isabel Edgington (; Tel: 01354 602167• Cambridgeshire County Council • Damian Hemmings (; Tel: 01223 715693• Cambridge City Council • Emma Davies (; Tel: 01223 457170