Ancient greece rhodes
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Ancient greece rhodes

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Ancient greece rhodes Ancient greece rhodes Presentation Transcript

  • Ancient Greece
  • Influences from Ancient Greece
  • OBJECTIVES
    Identify the ways geography and climate shaped Greek life
    Explain the rise and development of Mycenaean civilization
    Describe how Homer and Greek myths contributed to early Greek Culture
  • Vocabulary
    Peninsula: body of land surrounded by water on three sides
    Mycenaean: Settled on Greek mainland around 2000 bc
    Minoans: Sea faring and trading people that lived on the island of Crete
    Epics: Narrative poems celebrating heroic deeds
  • Vocabulary
    Trojan War: A war fought between a Mycenaean army and the independent city of Troy in 1200 B.C.
    Fresco: a mural done with watercolors on wet plaster
    Myth: a traditional or legendary story, usually concerning some being or hero or event
  • Geography
  • Geography
    Peninsula
    Mediterranean Sea/ Aegean Sea
    Mountainous
    Lacked Natural Resources
    Little usable farmland
    • Climate 48 degrees in Winter/80 degress summer
    • Active volcanoes and earthquakes are common
  • Minoans
  • Minoans
    The Minoans helped to shape the first Greek civilization.
    3000 B.C. on Island of Crete
    Life tied to sea…Sailing, Trade, Fishing
    Frescoes shows Women as Priests
    Can’t decipher language
    Possible ends to Minoans… Volcano or Mycenaean's
  • Minoans
  • Minoans
    Myth of Minotaur
    Head of bull and body of Man
    http://www.mnsu.edu/emuseum/prehistory/aegean/pre-greece/minoan/minoan.html
  • Minoans
    http://www.europeupclose.com/article/iraklio-and-knossos-greece/
    http://civilization.ca/cmc/exhibitions/civil/greece/gr1020e.shtml
  • Mycenaean
  • Mycenaean
    Traded with Minoans until defeat of Crete
    Powerful Kings
    Taxed trade and farming
  • Mycenaean
    Lion’s Gate
  • Mycenaean
    Drought, famines, invasions, end of trade were factors in the downfall of the Mycenae's in 1100 BC
    Dark Ages followed
    People struggled to survive
  • Quiz (8 pts)
    What geographical term is used to describe Greece’s land formation?
    What ancient culture was located on the island of Crete?
    Describe how the Mythical Creature the Minotaur looked like?
    Did Greece have useable farm land?
  • Trojan War
  • Trojan War
    War between City of Troy and Mycenae's
    Most important events in Greek Mythology
    Homer’s Iliad and Odyssey
    Epics
    Passed through history though spoken word
  • Trojan War
    Major Characters
    Achilles: Greek Warrior/Achilles Heel
    Hector: Trojan Prince/brother to Paris
    Paris: Took Helen from Sparta
    Helen: Wife of Spartan King
    Ajax: Greek Warrior/Killed by Hector
  • Trojan War
    Trojan Horse
    Giovanni Tiepolo painted The Procession of the Trojan Horse into Troy in 1760.Courtesy National Gallery, London
  • Trojan War
    1870 German Archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann found Troy in modern day Turkey
  • http://www.nationalgeographic.com/history/ancient/enlarge/ancient-troy.html
  • Objectives
    Identify the different political systems that developed in the Greek City-States
  • Vocabulary
    Polis: City-State
    Acropolis: Fortified hilltop where citizens gathered to discuss city government
    Agora: Open air marketplace
    Monarchy: King ruled government
    Oligarchy: Government ruled by powerful people
  • Vocabulary
    Tyrants: Powerful individuals who gained control of a city-state appealing to the poor for support
  • City-States
  • City-States
    A City-State is like a small country--includes a city and the surrounding countryside
    Several Hundred
    Athens and Sparta best known
    A Greek city-states was known as a polismade up of two parts:
    1) Acropolis
    2) Agora
  • City-States
    Parthenon of Athens example of Acropolis
  • City-States
    Each city state had different system of government
    Monarchy
    Aristocracy
    Oligarchy
    Tyrants
  • Objectives
    Describe the government of Athens
    Explain how Athenian and Spartan governments differed
  • Activity
    Pair up with the person near you. Come up with 20 traits that are Common between Athens and Sparta and 20 Traits that are different between Athens and Sparta
    Can use the internet and turn in one piece of paper for everyone in your group