Alexander the great

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  • (Slide 2) Philip's goal was to Unite Greece not a conquest: see League of Corinth (also known as the Hellenic League); (Slide 5) the wrong modern country is shown as the inheritor of ancient Macedonia. It should be Greece's Macedonian region shown not the FYROM (a Slavic state) which was named Macedonia in 1944 by Tito's Communist government of Yugoslavia. This country is unrelated to ancient Macedonia but have been attempting to usurp ancient Greek history for themselves by falsification and pushing an ambitious territorial agenda; (Slide 6) Please see our comments re: Slide 2 and update accordingly; (Slide 8) Those maps are based on Skopje propagandists and pseudo-irredentists. Please change these maps by using historically accurate maps of a well-known cartographer as opposed to maps made in a bedroom of someone pushing fallacies as fact; (Slide 16) You show the correct term 'Hellenistic cultural legacy' which shows that you do understand it was a Greek legacy, therefore, we don't think you made this with the mistakes on purpose, but rather you were caught up in the blurring that has occurred by Skopje to misinform the world regarding the ancient legacy of Alexander the Great. If you have any further questions or would like to learn about ancient Greek history as it pertains to the Macedonian kingdom, scholars around the world have created a few sites of interest: www.macedonia-evidence.org and www.macedonianhistory.org We hope to see corrections very soon as this type of misinformation targets children that can be easily manipulated and fosters anti-Hellenism.
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  • Historically speaking the area inhabited by bona-fide Macedonians constituted the kingdom of Macedonia. All other lands were an expansion of Macedonia and may not be part of a present day “geographic” Macedonia, which was an invention of Bulgarians. Under this historically factual description, ninety percent of the Macedonian kingdom is located within modern Greek territory. Only the south half of the area of Pelagonia was part of Upper Macedonia and falls within the FYROM, as well as the area of Korce, Albania, i.e. Korytsa, the former Pylion of Orestis (Πύλιον). The area of Gevgelija (Γευγελή) belonged to Lower Macedonia. The remaining territory of the FYROM belonged to Paeonia (Veles, Štip, Kavadarci), while Skopje was a Dardanian trading center. Thus in the classical period, Paeonia included the largest part of FYROM, and a small part of southwestern Bulgaria. Dardania and Macedonia did not share common border having Paeonia in between (Fanula Papazoglu, The Central Balkan Tribes in Pre-Roman Times: Triballi, Autariatae, Dardanians, Scordici and Mosians, English Edition (Amsterdam: Hakkert, 1978), 145.). Areas that constituted an expansion of the Macedonian kingdom, such as Bulgaria, Turkey, Syria, Iran, Afghanistan, the FYROM, Pakistan, et.al. do not qualify as Macedonia.
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  • This has many errors; Ancient Macedonia was not a Kingdom located North of Greece. Macedonia or Macedon (from Greek: Μακεδονία, Makedonía) was an ancient Greek kingdom. The kingdom, centered in the northeastern part of the Greek peninsula, was bordered by Epirus to the west, Paeonia to the north, the region of Thrace to the east and Thessaly to the south. The rise of Macedon, from a small kingdom at the periphery of Classical Greek affairs, to one which came to dominate the entire Hellenic world, occurred under the reign of Philip II. For a brief period, after the conquests of Alexander the Great, it became the most powerful state in the world, controlling a territory that included the former Persian empire, stretching as far as the Indus River; at that time it inaugurated the Hellenistic period of Ancient Greek civilization.
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  • 1. Alexander the Great
  • 2. Objectives
    Explain the conquest of Greece by Macedonia King Philip II.
    Summarize Alexander's the Great conquests and their impact on future cultures
  • 3. Vocabulary
    King Philip II:
    Macedonia:
    Phalanx:
    Alexander the Great:
    Thebes Revolt:
    Alexandria:
  • 4. Vocabulary
  • 5. Macedonia
    • Kingdom located North of Greece
  • King Philip II
    • 359 b.c crowned King at 23
    • 6. Brilliant General
    • 7. Conquered Greece/end of Greek Liberty
    • 8. Wanted to invade Persia
    • 9. Assassinated
  • Phalanx
    • Professional Army
    • 10. 16 men across and 16 men deep each armed with 18 foot pike used to break enemy lines
    • 11. Cavalry then used to crush opponent
  • King Phillip II
  • 12. Alexander the Great
    • Father was Philip II
    • 13. 20 years old crowned King
    • 14. Strong military background
    • 15. Aristotle was his private teacher
  • Alexander the Great
    Thebes Revolt
    Allied with King Phillip II
    Rebelled under Alexander
    Destroyed City
    Proved Alexander’s military leadership
  • 16. Alexander the Great
    Invasion of Persia
    334 b.c. 35,000 soldiers into Persia
    King Darius II retreated
    332 b.c. Alexander took Egypt from Persia rule
    Founded city Alexandria Egypt
    Alexander ruled the Persia Empire
  • 17. Alexandria Egypt
  • 18. Alexander the Great
    Hydaspes River (India)
    326 b.c. battle between Indian Army and Alexander
    Alexander won the battle
    Troops ready to go home
    11 years and 11,000 miles
  • 19.
  • 20. Alexander the Great
    323 b.c. Alexander returned to Babylon
    Wanted to organize his empire
    Ill with fever and died a few days at the age of 32 without naming an heir
  • 21. Alexander’s legacy
    Alexander’s empire largest world had ever seen
    Cultural Legacy called Hellenistic
  • 22. Questions /Quiz