双语 Brief Social Work History & Building HIV & AIDS Networks in China

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Thank you to Amy/Ran Hu for the Chinese translation!

This presentation gives a brief history of the field of social work and describes five US-based HIV-related networks, concluding with a discussion slide about how to build up the HIV networks in China.

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双语 Brief Social Work History & Building HIV & AIDS Networks in China

  1. 1. Social Work History & Building up the HIV/AIDS Networks in China 社会工作历史 & 在中国建立艾滋病网络 Carrie Amber Rheingans Student, University of Michigan School of Social Work Aizhixing Institute Conference on HIV and Social Work Beijing, China – 16 May 2010
  2. 2. Overview 摘要 <ul><li>Introduction 介绍 </li></ul><ul><li>Brief history of social work 社会工作的历史简介 </li></ul><ul><li>Examples of HIV-related networks </li></ul><ul><li>与艾滋病相关的网络的例子 </li></ul><ul><li>Discussion: how can we build better HIV/AIDS networks in China? </li></ul><ul><li>讨论:我们如何在中国建立更好的艾滋病网络? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Carrie Rheingans <ul><li>Student in public health and social work </li></ul><ul><li>公共卫生、社会工作专业学生 </li></ul><ul><li>Worked in HIV since 2004 – local, state, national & international </li></ul><ul><li>自 2004 年起就在当地、本国及全世界范围内从事艾滋病领域工作 </li></ul><ul><li>Working in HIV to fight many injustices at once (racism, sexism, homophobia, transphobia) </li></ul><ul><li>在艾滋病领域为当今的非正义而斗争(种族主义、性别歧视、孔恐同、对跨请人士的恐惧) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Overview of Social Work 社会工作回顾
  5. 5. Poverty 缺乏 <ul><li>Poor Laws in England </li></ul><ul><li>英国济贫法 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Able-bodied poor, 健全的贫困者 impotent poor, 无力的贫困者 idle poor 懒惰的贫困者 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Missions of churches </li></ul><ul><li>教堂的使命 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Friendly visitors – people who visited communities to help solve social problems 友好的来访者 - 来访社群帮助解决社会问题的人 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Settlement Movement 社区睦邻运动 – practitioners living in impoverished communities to help solve social problems 实务工作者居住在贫困的社区来帮助解决社会问题 </li></ul>
  6. 6. Public Health 公共卫生 <ul><li>Industrial Revolution led to more people migrating from rural to urban areas 工业革命导致更多人口从乡村迁移至城市市区 </li></ul><ul><li>Crowding, outbreaks – social causes of poor health 拥挤、暴动—卫生情况差的社会因素 </li></ul><ul><li>Service provision and policy changes 提供服务与政策改变 </li></ul><ul><li>Many early social workers trained as nurses 护士是早期的社会工作者 </li></ul><ul><li>Social action for policy change to improve community health 为政策改变而进行社会行动英语提升社区卫生保健 </li></ul>
  7. 7. Professionalization 专业化 <ul><li>Scientific method – try some intervention, document the results 科学的方法 - 尝试一些干预方法,记录成效 </li></ul><ul><li>More psychological 更侧重心理学 </li></ul><ul><li>Case management became most common 个案管理成为最普遍的方法 </li></ul><ul><li>Schools and programs created to teach skills 学院和项目建立以用于培训技能 </li></ul><ul><li>Certifications & licensure </li></ul><ul><li>认证与执照许可 </li></ul>
  8. 8. Today’s Social Work 现今的社会工作 <ul><li>Four main areas: </li></ul><ul><li>四个领域 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Interpersonal Practice 人际互动实践 (counseling and case management with individuals, groups & families 咨询以及个体、小组 & 家庭的个案管理 ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Community Organization 社群组织 (linking community resources to each other, policy advocacy, social change 联接各类社群资源,政策倡导,社会改变 ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social Policy & Evaluation 社会政策 & 评估 (writing and analyzing social policies, evaluating programs and policies – both organizational and social 撰写及分析社会政策,评估项目及政策—组织及社会层面 ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Management of Human Services 公共事业管理 (managing NGOs, various programs 管理 NGO 及不同项目 ) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Micro and Macro </li></ul><ul><li>微观 & 宏观 </li></ul>
  9. 9. QUESTIONS ABOUT SOCIAL WORK? 关于社会工作,有什么想问的问题?
  10. 10. Examples of HIV Networks 艾滋病网络 <ul><li>National Association of People with AIDS (NAPWA) 国家感染者协会 </li></ul><ul><li>National Alliance of State and Territorial AIDS Directors (NASTAD) 州区艾滋病领导人国家联盟 </li></ul><ul><li>Campaign to End AIDS (C2EA) 终结艾滋病行动组织 </li></ul><ul><li>AIDS Coalition to Unleash Power (ACT UP) 艾滋病团结释放力量联盟 </li></ul><ul><li>Michigan HIV/AIDS Council (MHAC) 密歇根艾滋病理事会 </li></ul>
  11. 11. National Association of People with AIDS (NAPWA) 国家感染者协会 <ul><li>Across the U.S. 跨越全美 </li></ul><ul><li>People with HIV and AIDS, some allies 感染 HIV 的人,一些同盟者 </li></ul><ul><li>Conferences 会议 </li></ul><ul><li>Policy objectives 政策目标 </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.napwa.org/ </li></ul>
  12. 12. National Alliance of State and Territorial AIDS Directors (NASTAD) 州区艾滋病领导人国家联盟 <ul><li>Directors of AIDS organizations 艾滋病组织的领导人 </li></ul><ul><li>Share information 分享信息 </li></ul><ul><li>Create recommendations 建议 </li></ul><ul><li>Conference calls 电话会议 </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.nastad.org/ </li></ul>
  13. 13. Campaign to End AIDS (C2EA) 终结艾滋病行动组织 <ul><li>Policy advocacy and organizing 政策倡导及组织 </li></ul><ul><li>Specific goals 具体目标 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Housing for people with AIDS & as prevention 感染者住房 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fully fund treatment & support services 完全的资金支持治疗 & 支持性服务 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prevention guided by science, not idiology 由科学而不是意识形态引导的预防措施 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fight against stigma & for civil rights 反对侮名 & 争取公民权利 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Subcommittees and statewide chapters 小组委员会和遍及全州的分部 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>LGBTQ focus 型少数群体 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Youth focus 青少年 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Large-scale actions coordinated across the U.S. 遍及全美的大规模行动 </li></ul><ul><li>Trying to do more international work 尝试做更多国际范围内的工作 </li></ul><ul><li>http://c2ea.org/ </li></ul>
  14. 14. AIDS Coalition to Unleash Power (ACT UP) 艾滋病团结释放力量联盟 <ul><li>International – chapters in various cities </li></ul><ul><li>国际—在不同城市的分部 </li></ul><ul><li>Long history – one of the first AIDS activist groups </li></ul><ul><li>很长的历史—最早成立的艾滋病活动家组织之一 </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes specific leadership structure, sometimes not 有事有具体的领导结构,有时没有 </li></ul><ul><li>Can quickly organize 能够迅速组织起来 </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.actuporalhistory.org/ </li></ul>
  15. 15. (ACT UP)
  16. 16. Michigan HIV/AIDS Council (MHAC) 密歇根艾滋病理事会 <ul><li>State-wide 州范围内 </li></ul><ul><li>Somewhat of a planning council 像是一个计划委员会 </li></ul><ul><li>Use government-provided epidemiological data 使用政府提供的流行病学数据 </li></ul><ul><li>Mostly AIDS organization staff, not consumers or people with HIV 主要的组织工作者不是艾滋病染着或者相关者 </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.mipwa.org/council.htm </li></ul>
  17. 17. QUESTIONS ABOUT SOME U.S.-BASED HIV NETWORKS? 有什么关于美国艾滋病网络的问题吗?
  18. 18. Discussion: How can we build up the HIV networks in China? 讨论:我们如何建议中国的艾滋病网络 <ul><li>What networks currently exist? Local, provincial, national, international? 现在有哪些网络?当地、省、国家、国际? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Are there any gaps in types of networks? 这些网络之间有什么缺口吗? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Should we start any new network to fill those gaps? 我们是否需要建立一些新的网络来弥补这些缺口? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How can these networks work together? 我们如何让这些网络合作在一起? </li></ul><ul><li>What tools can we use in our networks? 在网络中我们能够用到什么工具 / 方法? </li></ul><ul><li>What else do we need to be more effective? </li></ul><ul><li>为了使其更有效,我们还需要做什么? </li></ul>

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