双语 Brief Social Work History & Building HIV & AIDS Networks in China
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双语 Brief Social Work History & Building HIV & AIDS Networks in China

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Thank you to Amy/Ran Hu for the Chinese translation! ...

Thank you to Amy/Ran Hu for the Chinese translation!

This presentation gives a brief history of the field of social work and describes five US-based HIV-related networks, concluding with a discussion slide about how to build up the HIV networks in China.

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  • 1. Social Work History & Building up the HIV/AIDS Networks in China 社会工作历史 & 在中国建立艾滋病网络 Carrie Amber Rheingans Student, University of Michigan School of Social Work Aizhixing Institute Conference on HIV and Social Work Beijing, China – 16 May 2010
  • 2. Overview 摘要
    • Introduction 介绍
    • Brief history of social work 社会工作的历史简介
    • Examples of HIV-related networks
    • 与艾滋病相关的网络的例子
    • Discussion: how can we build better HIV/AIDS networks in China?
    • 讨论:我们如何在中国建立更好的艾滋病网络?
  • 3. Carrie Rheingans
    • Student in public health and social work
    • 公共卫生、社会工作专业学生
    • Worked in HIV since 2004 – local, state, national & international
    • 自 2004 年起就在当地、本国及全世界范围内从事艾滋病领域工作
    • Working in HIV to fight many injustices at once (racism, sexism, homophobia, transphobia)
    • 在艾滋病领域为当今的非正义而斗争(种族主义、性别歧视、孔恐同、对跨请人士的恐惧)
  • 4. Overview of Social Work 社会工作回顾
  • 5. Poverty 缺乏
    • Poor Laws in England
    • 英国济贫法
      • Able-bodied poor, 健全的贫困者 impotent poor, 无力的贫困者 idle poor 懒惰的贫困者
    • Missions of churches
    • 教堂的使命
      • Friendly visitors – people who visited communities to help solve social problems 友好的来访者 - 来访社群帮助解决社会问题的人
    • Settlement Movement 社区睦邻运动 – practitioners living in impoverished communities to help solve social problems 实务工作者居住在贫困的社区来帮助解决社会问题
  • 6. Public Health 公共卫生
    • Industrial Revolution led to more people migrating from rural to urban areas 工业革命导致更多人口从乡村迁移至城市市区
    • Crowding, outbreaks – social causes of poor health 拥挤、暴动—卫生情况差的社会因素
    • Service provision and policy changes 提供服务与政策改变
    • Many early social workers trained as nurses 护士是早期的社会工作者
    • Social action for policy change to improve community health 为政策改变而进行社会行动英语提升社区卫生保健
  • 7. Professionalization 专业化
    • Scientific method – try some intervention, document the results 科学的方法 - 尝试一些干预方法,记录成效
    • More psychological 更侧重心理学
    • Case management became most common 个案管理成为最普遍的方法
    • Schools and programs created to teach skills 学院和项目建立以用于培训技能
    • Certifications & licensure
    • 认证与执照许可
  • 8. Today’s Social Work 现今的社会工作
    • Four main areas:
    • 四个领域
      • Interpersonal Practice 人际互动实践 (counseling and case management with individuals, groups & families 咨询以及个体、小组 & 家庭的个案管理 )
      • Community Organization 社群组织 (linking community resources to each other, policy advocacy, social change 联接各类社群资源,政策倡导,社会改变 )
      • Social Policy & Evaluation 社会政策 & 评估 (writing and analyzing social policies, evaluating programs and policies – both organizational and social 撰写及分析社会政策,评估项目及政策—组织及社会层面 )
      • Management of Human Services 公共事业管理 (managing NGOs, various programs 管理 NGO 及不同项目 )
    • Micro and Macro
    • 微观 & 宏观
  • 9. QUESTIONS ABOUT SOCIAL WORK? 关于社会工作,有什么想问的问题?
  • 10. Examples of HIV Networks 艾滋病网络
    • National Association of People with AIDS (NAPWA) 国家感染者协会
    • National Alliance of State and Territorial AIDS Directors (NASTAD) 州区艾滋病领导人国家联盟
    • Campaign to End AIDS (C2EA) 终结艾滋病行动组织
    • AIDS Coalition to Unleash Power (ACT UP) 艾滋病团结释放力量联盟
    • Michigan HIV/AIDS Council (MHAC) 密歇根艾滋病理事会
  • 11. National Association of People with AIDS (NAPWA) 国家感染者协会
    • Across the U.S. 跨越全美
    • People with HIV and AIDS, some allies 感染 HIV 的人,一些同盟者
    • Conferences 会议
    • Policy objectives 政策目标
    • http://www.napwa.org/
  • 12. National Alliance of State and Territorial AIDS Directors (NASTAD) 州区艾滋病领导人国家联盟
    • Directors of AIDS organizations 艾滋病组织的领导人
    • Share information 分享信息
    • Create recommendations 建议
    • Conference calls 电话会议
    • http://www.nastad.org/
  • 13. Campaign to End AIDS (C2EA) 终结艾滋病行动组织
    • Policy advocacy and organizing 政策倡导及组织
    • Specific goals 具体目标
      • Housing for people with AIDS & as prevention 感染者住房
      • Fully fund treatment & support services 完全的资金支持治疗 & 支持性服务
      • Prevention guided by science, not idiology 由科学而不是意识形态引导的预防措施
      • Fight against stigma & for civil rights 反对侮名 & 争取公民权利
    • Subcommittees and statewide chapters 小组委员会和遍及全州的分部
      • LGBTQ focus 型少数群体
      • Youth focus 青少年
    • Large-scale actions coordinated across the U.S. 遍及全美的大规模行动
    • Trying to do more international work 尝试做更多国际范围内的工作
    • http://c2ea.org/
  • 14. AIDS Coalition to Unleash Power (ACT UP) 艾滋病团结释放力量联盟
    • International – chapters in various cities
    • 国际—在不同城市的分部
    • Long history – one of the first AIDS activist groups
    • 很长的历史—最早成立的艾滋病活动家组织之一
    • Sometimes specific leadership structure, sometimes not 有事有具体的领导结构,有时没有
    • Can quickly organize 能够迅速组织起来
    • http://www.actuporalhistory.org/
  • 15. (ACT UP)
  • 16. Michigan HIV/AIDS Council (MHAC) 密歇根艾滋病理事会
    • State-wide 州范围内
    • Somewhat of a planning council 像是一个计划委员会
    • Use government-provided epidemiological data 使用政府提供的流行病学数据
    • Mostly AIDS organization staff, not consumers or people with HIV 主要的组织工作者不是艾滋病染着或者相关者
    • http://www.mipwa.org/council.htm
  • 17. QUESTIONS ABOUT SOME U.S.-BASED HIV NETWORKS? 有什么关于美国艾滋病网络的问题吗?
  • 18. Discussion: How can we build up the HIV networks in China? 讨论:我们如何建议中国的艾滋病网络
    • What networks currently exist? Local, provincial, national, international? 现在有哪些网络?当地、省、国家、国际?
      • Are there any gaps in types of networks? 这些网络之间有什么缺口吗?
      • Should we start any new network to fill those gaps? 我们是否需要建立一些新的网络来弥补这些缺口?
    • How can these networks work together? 我们如何让这些网络合作在一起?
    • What tools can we use in our networks? 在网络中我们能够用到什么工具 / 方法?
    • What else do we need to be more effective?
    • 为了使其更有效,我们还需要做什么?