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Hiv Prevention Red Cross
 

Hiv Prevention Red Cross

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    Hiv Prevention Red Cross Hiv Prevention Red Cross Presentation Transcript

    • GETTING AN HIV TEST AND BARRIERS TO TESTING HIV Prevention Carrie Rheingans Fund Development Coordinator HIV Prevention Specialist and Test Counselor February 2008
    • The Basics
      • HIV: Human Immunodeficiency Virus
      • AIDS: Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
      • Four body fluids transmit HIV:
        • Blood
        • Semen (including pre-ejaculate)
        • Vaginal Fluids
        • Breast Milk
      • Risky behaviors:
        • Sharing needles
        • Oral sex
        • Vaginal sex
        • Anal sex
        • Breastfeeding
    • HIV Testing Session
      • Counseling, Testing, Referral (CTR)
      • Discuss reasons for getting tested
      • Discuss what HIV is and related information
      • Discuss risks
      • Risk reduction methods
      • Referrals
      • Take the test
      • Most tests are for antibodies of HIV
        • Window Period: the time between when you are infected with HIV and when you develop antibodies
      • Oral mucosal transudate, blood samples
      • Rapid testing gives results in less than an hour
        • Only very few sites in Michigan are certified to do rapid testing
      • Most testing takes about a week for results
      The Test Itself
    • Getting the Results
      • Three possible results:
        • Reactive – HIV antibodies present
        • Non-Reactive – no HIV antibodies detected at test
        • Indeterminate – need to get another test
      • Partner Counseling and Referral Services
        • Michigan Department of Community Health – trained professionals inform past partners of possible exposure to HIV
        • Infected individual remains anonymous
        • Prevents spread by people who don’t know their status
      • WHAT AREAS OF THE TEST MIGHT DETER PEOPLE?
      Barriers to Testing
    • Barriers to Testing
      • Getting there
      • Cost
      • Talking about risks
      • Don’t like needles
      • Scared
      • Stigma
      • “ Others might find out”
      • Can’t afford treatment
      • Don’t want to know
      • Don’t want to change behavior
      • Language barriers
      • Don’t trust health professionals
      • WHAT ARE SOME WAYS YOU CAN HELP CONTAIN THE HIV PANDEMIC?
      What can I do?
      • Individually
      • Socially
      • Get an HIV test – know your status
      • Talk to others about the testing experience
        • Encourage them to get tested
      • Educate yourself
      • Advocate – write to your senators and state reps to increase funding and lift various restrictions
      • Volunteer in your community or abroad
      • Educate others
      Ways you can help
    • Questions?
      • HIV/AIDS Resource Center (HARC)
      • 3075 Clark Road, Suite 203
      • Ypsilanti, MI 48197
      • 734-572-9355
      • http://www.r2harc.org
      • Carrie Rheingans
      • [email_address]