THE NEW FRONTIER ANDTHE GREAT SOCIETYKENNEDY ANDJOHNSON LEADAMERICA IN THE1960S
ELECTION OF 1960• John Kennedy(Democrat, Senator fromMassachusetts)• Promised to “getAmerica moving again”• Richard Nixon (Republican,Eisenhower’s Vice-President)
TELEVISED DEBATE AFFECTSVOTE• Journalist Russell Baker:“That night, image replacedthe printed word as thenational language ofpolitics”On September 26, 1960, Kennedy and Nixon took part in thefirst televised debate between presidential candidates
CLOSEST ELECTION SINCE 1884• Kennedy won theelection by fewerthan 119,000votes• Nixon dominatedthe west, whileKennedy won thesouth and theeast coastJFKRMN
JFK’s Inaugural“Ask not what yourcountry can dofor you --- askwhat you can dofor your country”Delivered Friday, January 20, 1961
THE NEWFRONTIER• Kennedy’sproposed program– Economy– Education– Medical care for theelderly & poor– Space exploration
TRAGEDY IN DALLAS• November 22,1963• Lyndon Johnson immediately sworn in as President
THE GREAT SOCIETY– Civil Rights Legislation (Civil Rights Act &Voting Rights Act)– Education (first major federal aid package foreducation)– Healthcare (Medicare & Medicaid)– Housing (low-rent public housing)– Immigration Reform (Immigration Act of 1965)– Environment (Water Quality Act of 1965)– Consumer Protection (safety laws)
CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964• July of 1964: LBJ pushed the Civil Rights Actthrough Congress• Prohibited discrimination based on race, color,religion or national origin, and granted the federalgovernment new powers to enforce the law
THE WAR ON POVERTY• August of 1964:EconomicOpportunity Act– Act provided $1 billionin aid to the inner city
VOTING RIGHTS ACT 1965• Prohibited literacytests or otherdiscriminatorypractices for voting• Insured consistentelection practices"By the way, whats the bigword?"
SUPREME COURT REFORMS• Chief Justice EarlWarren• Protection of individualrights– illegally seized evidencecould not be used in court– the accused has the right tohave an attorney presentwhen questioned by police– all suspects must be readtheir rights beforequestioning (Miranda v.Arizona)Warren
IMPACT OF GREAT SOCIETY• The Great Society and the Supreme Court changedthe United States• No president in Post-WWII era extended the powerand reach of the federal government more than LBJ
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