Week 15     News Literacyin the Information Age
Who Is George Turklebaum?
Three Questions Today: 1. What are the advantages and    disadvantages of finding information    on the Web? 2. How do you ...
Context: The Growth of Online Usage        1968 First Internet-type file-sharing1989 Tim Berners-Lee, working in Geneva (Sw...
News Sites on the     InternetVersus, How We Get News
Where Top News Sites Stand         Overall                         Alexa.com                       Rankings 2011
Where Top News Sites Stand         Overall                      #4 Overall                      #53 Overall               ...
What’s Changing?Information Overload
Abundant information?48 hours of video are uploaded every minute, resulting   in nearly 8 years of content uploaded every ...
The Information Age?
News on the Web -       Disadvantages    Emphasis on Speed Over            AccuracyBlurring of Lines Between News,   Opini...
News on the Web -   Disadvantages   Abundance Doesn’t Guarantee You’ll Choose           Quality“Disinhibition Effect” Make...
News on the Web -  DisadvantagesSpeed over accuracy
News on the Web -   DisadvantagesLines blur between news,       advertising
News on the Web -      Disadvantages•       Privacy and
News on the Web -     DisadvantagesWith no Filters, Partisans face few
Did the characteristics of reliableinformation change when news moved                online?         Verification       Ind...
News on the Web -            Advantages•   Fast          • Customizabl•   Convenient e•   Democratic • Archival•   Partici...
Speed Kills…Errorshttp://www.regrettheerror.com/
News on the WebUp-to-date…Always,    EverywhereNew Forms of Delivery Make It
News judgment, democratized
The Web Empowers Watchdogs   http://www.psdisasters.com
How the Internet is Changing the             News     With RSS    feeds, you      choose  the news that  comes to you.
News Comes To You,   Customized
27
The Internet Provides Information in New                  Ways   Newsday plots crime reports on a map
On the Web, You Distribute News    News Can Disseminate Quicklyon Social Networking Sites Like Twitter
On the Web, you also gather          news
The Consequence of Increased User           Power is…       You  Have More Responsibility“With great power comesgreat resp...
Your Responsibility: Judging Reliability
How Do We Know What to Trust?    MartinLutherKing.org
How Do We Know What to        Trust?   MartinLutherKing.org
How Do We Know What to        Trust?
How Do We Know What to        Trust?     Stormfront.org
Key LessonRank ≠ Reliability
How Do We Know What to        Trust?   Facebook Updates
Key Lesson:Popularity ≠ Reliability
Evaluating Web Pages:          V      • Dates for page creation             IA       and content updates are              ...
Evaluating Web Pages:•  Information is IA                V independent and              verifiable       • Multiple sources...
Evaluating Web Pages:          VIA        The person/organization                 providing the                information...
Evaluating Web Pages:          VIA       • “About Us” easily found,             and with robust            information abo...
Look at the ‘About Us’          PageCan You Identify Who Is Responsible For the                   Site?
Who Runsthe Site?Look Up Who Owns andRuns the Site on “Whois”
.COM.COM can be purchased by anyperson or company from any country It is suggested that .COM bereserved for commercial i...
.ORG.ORG can be purchased by anyperson or company from any country.ORG is often used to denoteOrganizations, specifically...
.NET.NET can be purchased by anyperson or company from any country It is suggested that .NET bereserved for internet pro...
.EDU.EDU IS RESTRICTED! It can only be used by regionallyaccredited, degree grantinginstitutions. Each institution mayon...
.GOV.GOV IS RESTRICTED! It can only be used by UnitedStates governmental organizations.Registration is done through the...
How do we know WHOM to trust?
The above cartoon by Peter Steiner has been reproduced from page 61 of July 5, 1993 issue of The NewYorker, (Vol.69 (LXIX)...
Information on the Web:    Advantages and     Disadvantages
Wikipedia EditsAren’t Always AccurateJohn Seigenthaler’s Wikipedia
Wikipedia Responds to Criticism and Adds        Editors
Watch for tags, warnings, and captions . . .    . . . which can help you spot problems in articles.
Due Diligence
Shortcuts: Is It a Hoax?      Check Snopes
Look who we found on Snopes…
Reviewing this Lecture:  Information on the Web:  Advantages and disadvantages  How to identify reliable  information on t...
The Big Lessons          You have the power to slow down the rush of information  Don’t Let The Speed of InformationDrive ...
Due today      •   Final Essay      •   TV deconstruction          assignment (NewsU)
Extra credit• Student rating of this class (release  your name)
Final Exam•   Emailed to you tonight•   Four questions, 25 points    each•   Last half of the course
Farewell....
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  • UPDATED 11/16/11\n
  • http://www.alexa.com/topsites/category/Top/News\nUPDATED 11/16/11\n
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  • NEW FIGURES AS OF 11/16/11\nhttp://www.youtube.com/t/press_statistics \n\nhttp://googleblog.blogspot.com/2010/11/youtube-highlights-11182010.htm\n
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  • \nhttp://www.psdisasters.com/2011/04/fujitsu-hackjob.html\n
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  • \nhttp://www.psdisasters.com/2011/04/fujitsu-hackjob.html\n
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  • http://longisland.newsday.com/newsday/crime/\n
  • \nhttp://mashable.com/2011/01/28/cairo-protests-twitter/\n
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  • Dec 7 lecture

    1. 1. Week 15 News Literacyin the Information Age
    2. 2. Who Is George Turklebaum?
    3. 3. Three Questions Today: 1. What are the advantages and disadvantages of finding information on the Web? 2. How do you identify reliable information on the Web? 3. How can you minimize the disadvantages and maximize the advantages?
    4. 4. Context: The Growth of Online Usage 1968 First Internet-type file-sharing1989 Tim Berners-Lee, working in Geneva (Switzerland) invents World Wide Web 1995: 9% of Americans are online 2000: 57% of Americans are online 2010: 79% of Americans use the Internet The Average American Adult Now Spends 13 Hours A Week on the Internet Source: Harris Polls
    5. 5. News Sites on the InternetVersus, How We Get News
    6. 6. Where Top News Sites Stand Overall Alexa.com Rankings 2011
    7. 7. Where Top News Sites Stand Overall #4 Overall #53 Overall #86 Overall #87Overall #44 Overall #1 Overall Alexa.com Rankings 2011
    8. 8. What’s Changing?Information Overload
    9. 9. Abundant information?48 hours of video are uploaded every minute, resulting in nearly 8 years of content uploaded every dayMore video is uploaded to YouTube in one month than the 3 major US networks created in 60 years
    10. 10. The Information Age?
    11. 11. News on the Web - Disadvantages Emphasis on Speed Over AccuracyBlurring of Lines Between News, Opinion, and Advertising
    12. 12. News on the Web - Disadvantages Abundance Doesn’t Guarantee You’ll Choose Quality“Disinhibition Effect” MakesComment Sites Troll HabitatUnderfunding of NewsroomsErodes Quality of Journalism With No “Filters” There AreAlso No Barriers to Partisans
    13. 13. News on the Web - DisadvantagesSpeed over accuracy
    14. 14. News on the Web - DisadvantagesLines blur between news, advertising
    15. 15. News on the Web - Disadvantages• Privacy and
    16. 16. News on the Web - DisadvantagesWith no Filters, Partisans face few
    17. 17. Did the characteristics of reliableinformation change when news moved online? Verification Independence Accountability (Mnemonic device: “Via”)
    18. 18. News on the Web - Advantages• Fast • Customizabl• Convenient e• Democratic • Archival• Participatory • Multimedia
    19. 19. Speed Kills…Errorshttp://www.regrettheerror.com/
    20. 20. News on the WebUp-to-date…Always, EverywhereNew Forms of Delivery Make It
    21. 21. News judgment, democratized
    22. 22. The Web Empowers Watchdogs http://www.psdisasters.com
    23. 23. How the Internet is Changing the News With RSS feeds, you choose the news that comes to you.
    24. 24. News Comes To You, Customized
    25. 25. 27
    26. 26. The Internet Provides Information in New Ways Newsday plots crime reports on a map
    27. 27. On the Web, You Distribute News News Can Disseminate Quicklyon Social Networking Sites Like Twitter
    28. 28. On the Web, you also gather news
    29. 29. The Consequence of Increased User Power is… You Have More Responsibility“With great power comesgreat responsibility,” -Uncle Ben
    30. 30. Your Responsibility: Judging Reliability
    31. 31. How Do We Know What to Trust? MartinLutherKing.org
    32. 32. How Do We Know What to Trust? MartinLutherKing.org
    33. 33. How Do We Know What to Trust?
    34. 34. How Do We Know What to Trust? Stormfront.org
    35. 35. Key LessonRank ≠ Reliability
    36. 36. How Do We Know What to Trust? Facebook Updates
    37. 37. Key Lesson:Popularity ≠ Reliability
    38. 38. Evaluating Web Pages: V • Dates for page creation IA and content updates are provided • Links are working (don’t lead to dead or outdated pages) • Information on the page is not out of date
    39. 39. Evaluating Web Pages:• Information is IA V independent and verifiable • Multiple sources are cited, ideally with a variety of viewpoints • Links out to reputable , independent, or authoritative sites • News and opinion are clearly labeled
    40. 40. Evaluating Web Pages: VIA The person/organization providing the information is INDEPENDENT, informed and knowledgeable. By virtue of experience, data collection, observation, training, credentials, access, they
    41. 41. Evaluating Web Pages: VIA • “About Us” easily found, and with robust information about funding, ownership, contact numbers for corrections, etc.
    42. 42. Look at the ‘About Us’ PageCan You Identify Who Is Responsible For the Site?
    43. 43. Who Runsthe Site?Look Up Who Owns andRuns the Site on “Whois”
    44. 44. .COM.COM can be purchased by anyperson or company from any country It is suggested that .COM bereserved for commercial interests(businesses). There are norestrictions for use.
    45. 45. .ORG.ORG can be purchased by anyperson or company from any country.ORG is often used to denoteOrganizations, specifically Non-ProfitOrganizations, BUT, there are norestrictions for use.
    46. 46. .NET.NET can be purchased by anyperson or company from any country It is suggested that .NET bereserved for internet providers andthe like, BUT there are norestrictions.
    47. 47. .EDU.EDU IS RESTRICTED! It can only be used by regionallyaccredited, degree grantinginstitutions. Each institution mayonly hold a single .EDU domain.Mostly used for US schools.
    48. 48. .GOV.GOV IS RESTRICTED! It can only be used by UnitedStates governmental organizations.Registration is done through theUS government directly.
    49. 49. How do we know WHOM to trust?
    50. 50. The above cartoon by Peter Steiner has been reproduced from page 61 of July 5, 1993 issue of The NewYorker, (Vol.69 (LXIX) no. 20)only for academic discussion, evaluation, research and complies with the copyright law of the United States as defined and stipulated under Title 17 U. S. Code. 52
    51. 51. Information on the Web: Advantages and Disadvantages
    52. 52. Wikipedia EditsAren’t Always AccurateJohn Seigenthaler’s Wikipedia
    53. 53. Wikipedia Responds to Criticism and Adds Editors
    54. 54. Watch for tags, warnings, and captions . . . . . . which can help you spot problems in articles.
    55. 55. Due Diligence
    56. 56. Shortcuts: Is It a Hoax? Check Snopes
    57. 57. Look who we found on Snopes…
    58. 58. Reviewing this Lecture: Information on the Web: Advantages and disadvantages How to identify reliable information on the Web How to Minimize the Disadvantages and Maximize the Advantages
    59. 59. The Big Lessons You have the power to slow down the rush of information Don’t Let The Speed of InformationDrive the Pace of Your Critical ThinkingRank and popularity do not guarantee reliability Remember VIA!
    60. 60. Due today • Final Essay • TV deconstruction assignment (NewsU)
    61. 61. Extra credit• Student rating of this class (release your name)
    62. 62. Final Exam• Emailed to you tonight• Four questions, 25 points each• Last half of the course
    63. 63. Farewell....
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