Catherine M. Casserly, Ph.D. OER 2011 How did we get here? Where are we going? CEO,
1998 “ open content ”
BIG issues
<ul><li>Search and discovery </li></ul><ul><li>Law and policy </li></ul><ul><li>Quality:Cost </li></ul><ul><li>Remix and r...
Step 1: Choose Conditions Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivative Works Share Alike
Step 2: Receive a License
Human Readable Deed
Lawyer Readable Legal Code
Machine Readable Metadata <span xmlns:cc=&quot; &quot; xmlns:dc=&quot;
Outreach  for teachers and learners
wikieducator class
Platform  integration
Policy  adoption
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Cathy Casserly OER panel at Apple UEF (4-4-11)


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  • -Cathy intro -I ’ ll give OER overview and evolution -briefly mention some of the “ big issue ” areas -talk about how CC fits into this -my overview will segue into our topical presentations by David Wiley, Cable Green, and Candace Thille
  • -digital explosion, technological explosion -everyone ’ s a producer as well as consumer of content -the web allows teachers, students, self learners to share easily and cheaply -smart hacks make this legal (CC) -we need to empower teachers, students, self learners to leverage content to better education -enter OER -David Wiley talks about the 4 Rs of OER -freedom to Reuse, Redistribute, Revise, Remix
  • -OER not a new concept, but relatively young -has roots from various places: free software movement, distance learning, access to knowledge, etc. -but most recently...
  • -David Wiley coins the term “ open content ” -obvious analogy to open source software, but for content: text, audio, video, etc.
  • -Rich Baraniuk at Rice University -platform for sharing primarily k-12 open learning materials
  • -Wikipedia, probably largest OER project -has exploded since 2001 -now 17 million articles across all languages -now 8.5 million media files in Wikimedia Commons database
  • -explain why Hewlett got into funding OER -scale and scope of Hewlett involvement
  • -ingenious idea by lessig and others to “ prevent failed sharing ” -initial licenses released in 2002 -CC is the global standard for OER project
  • -Chuck Vest ’ s grand challenge -audacious idea: “ let ’ s give it away for free online ” -faculty vote -now content from all MIT courses shared under open license online
  • -Carnegie Mellons’ Open Learning Initiative -rigorous about data feedback in support of continuous student improvement and achievement
  • -important international signaling in support of OER -continuing today
  • -TESSA: teacher education in sub-saharan Africa -consortium of 18 national and international creating and using OER in sub-saharan Africa
  • -crucial public comment and challenge to governments and institutions around the globe to support OER -invites active participation in OER movement by educators and learners -calls on educators, authors, publishers, institutions to release openly -encourages governments, school boards, universities to make OER a priority in policy decisions
  • -open courseware consortium incorporated in 2008 -global community of over 250 universities and orgs building and supporting the OCW movement
  • -Flat World Knowledge, commercial open textbook publisher -offering students value by providing online texts for free under CC -offers customizability and remix -offers affordable print on demand, important for students who like physical textbook
  • -first public online high school using OER as teaching materials -now 250 9th and 10th grade students -entire curriculum released online as OER
  • -Dept of Labor/Dept of Education grant program -Trade Adjustment Assistance Community College and Career Training grants -biggest federal investment in OER to date
  • -there are a lot of interesting issues that the OER community is grappling with -I ’ ll just briefly mention a few here, because they ’ ll be talked about more later by others -SEARCH &amp; DISCOVERY: there’s no longer a shortage of great OER content, but we need to be able to find it, and find materials appropriate for my students -LAW &amp; POLICY: teachers/students need to know which resources they can use and share legally, beyond the important application of Fair Use -QUALITY: we need to demonstrate that quality is as good as or better per unit cost than traditional educational materials -REMIX &amp; REUSE: we need to promote collaboration and cooperation, let’s not reinvent the wheel 1000 times over -ASSESSMENT/STANDARDS/DATA: we need to gather data and analyze it: how effective are OER? Build the case! -PEDAGOGY/INCENTIVES/PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT: how do we make creating and using OER easy for teachers, integrate with proper incentives and PD opportunities
  • -the OER community is powered by Creative Commons -CC helps address some of the challenges above -our legal and technology tools make OER sharing legal, easy, and scalable -our free copyright licenses are probably what you ’ re most familiar with
  • -CC information is communicated via an innovative 3-layer license design
  • -first, there ’s a human readable deed that simplifies the terms of each license into a few universal icons and non-technical language
  • -second, there ’s the lawyer-readable legal text, which has been vetted by a global team of legal experts
  • -third, there ’s a machine-readable code that enables search and discovery via search engines like Google
  • -there ’ s various roles for CC to play in aligned with it ’ s focus on legal, technology, policy -the first is to educate various groups about how to use CC, especially educators and students -generally boost adoption and communicate the benefits of applying CC
  • -constantly improving our licenses and tools -making it easy to understand and use -providing educational materials about best practices wrt licensing, and listening and empowering the community to build these too
  • -continue to promote innovate businesses to incorporate CC licensing in support of OER
  • -we need Apple to do it too! -iTunesU has been an amazing platform for educators -20M downloads of Open University courses -CC was spotted in an Apple ad, but it was because Oxford added the CC logo as a hack -what we need is CC licensing engine built-in at the iTunesU distribution system from the get go!
  • -Foundations are using CC in support of OER -Mentioned the DOL grant program before -requiring that all materials built using grant funds be released under CC BY -Washington State Board for Community &amp; Technical Colleges -all grant funds that funnel through SBCTC must have CC BY license attached -new innovative models at the local level -Open High School of Utah -using CC BY
  • -future; the movement is 10+ years old now -there are lots of possibilities where open education will go -some places we’ll go are unexpected -OER is being “ mainstreamed ” -let ’ s work together to make sure this movement continues and succeeds -hope this overview has been helpful; look forward to hearing from others about the specific topic areas
  • Cathy Casserly OER panel at Apple UEF (4-4-11)

    1. 1. Catherine M. Casserly, Ph.D. OER 2011 How did we get here? Where are we going? CEO,
    2. 3. Timeline
    3. 4. 1998 “ open content ”
    4. 5. 1999
    5. 6. 2001
    6. 7. 2002
    7. 8. 2002
    8. 9. 2002
    9. 10. 2002
    10. 11. 2002
    11. 12. 2005
    12. 13. 2007
    13. 14. 2008
    14. 15. 2008
    15. 16. 2009
    16. 17. 2011
    17. 18. BIG issues
    18. 19. <ul><li>Search and discovery </li></ul><ul><li>Law and policy </li></ul><ul><li>Quality:Cost </li></ul><ul><li>Remix and reuse </li></ul><ul><li>Assessment, standards, data </li></ul><ul><li>Pedagogy, incentives, PD </li></ul>
    19. 21. Step 1: Choose Conditions Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivative Works Share Alike
    20. 22. Step 2: Receive a License
    21. 24. Human Readable Deed
    22. 25. Lawyer Readable Legal Code
    23. 26. Machine Readable Metadata <span xmlns:cc=&quot; &quot; xmlns:dc=&quot; 1/ &quot;> <span rel=&quot; dc:type &quot; href=&quot; &quot; property=&quot; dc:title &quot;> My Photo </span> by <a rel=&quot; cc:attributi onURL &quot; property=&quot; cc:attributionName &quot; href=&quot; &quot;> Joi Ito </a> is licensed under a <a rel=&quot; license &quot; href=&quot; http://c /by/3.0/ &quot;> Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License </a> . <span rel=&quot; dc:source &quot; href=&quot; &quot;/> Permission s beyond the scope of this license may be available at <a rel=&quot; cc:morePermissions &quot; href=&quot; agreement &quot;> OZMO </a> . </span> < /span>
    24. 27. Outreach for teachers and learners
    25. 28. wikieducator class
    26. 29. Platform integration
    27. 32. Policy adoption