The Middle Colonies
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The Middle Colonies

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The Middle Colonies The Middle Colonies Presentation Transcript

  • The Middle Colonies
    Founding and Life
  • Essential Questions – Middle Colonies
    Why were the Middle Colonies founded?
    How did the Middle Colonies differ from the New England Colonies?
    Who were influential people in the Middle Colonies?
  • Vocabluary
    Patroons:
    Proprietary Colony:
    Mercantilism:
    Import:
    Export:
    Legislature:
    Cash Crop:
    Tenant Farmer:
    Backcountry:
    Apprentice:
  • Middle Colonies - Location
  • New YorkFounding
    Let’s start with New Netherland…
    The Dutch East India Company ruled the colony
    Governor had near absolute control
    Land organized into manors owned by Patroons
  • New YorkFounding
    Peter Stuyvesant…
    Very strict governor of New Netherland
    Carried on costly wars with Indians
    Had to surrender to the English in 1664
  • New YorkFounding
    Under English rule…
    King Charles gave New Netherland to his brother – the Duke of YORK
    Ruled much like New Netherland
    In 1683, New York has its own assembly
  • New JerseyFounding
    The Duke’s gift…
    1664 the Duke of York gave two friends part of New York
    New Jersey is established as a proprietary colony
    Proprietors…
    ran the colony as long as they gave the king a yearly payment and accepted his authority
    divided up the land and rented it
    Made laws that were in line with English law
  • New JerseyFounding
    Fertile land and freedom...
    New Jersey occupied fertile land between the Delaware and Atlantic
    People of many nations and religions settled in New Jersey
    1702 New Jersey became a royal colony
    Directly under the King’s control
    New Jersey had a charter that established
    Religious freedom
    An assembly that voted
  • PennsylvaniaFounding
    A holy experiment…
    In 1682, William Penn established Pennsylvania
    The name means Penn’s woods
    Established so Quakers could worship freely
  • PennsylvaniaFounding
    The Quakers…
    Believed that all men and women were equal in God’s eyes
    No need for church leaders
    Would not pay taxes to Church of England
    Against fancy parts of religion
    Against war
    Persecuted in England and New England
    Were tolerant of other religions and people
  • PennsylvaniaFounding
    Government…
    Penn wrote the Frame of Government
    Explained how the colony would be run
    A representative assembly to make laws
    White men who owned land or paid taxes could vote
    Land should be bought from the Indians
  • PennsylvaniaFounding
    Philadelphia…
    Capital of the colony
    Means brotherly love in Greek
    Built on the Delaware river
    City was intended to have fields, gardens, and parks
    Grew into the most prosperous city in the English colonies
  • English Colonies
    England’s purpose…
    According to England the colonies might exist for…
    A place for discontents
    A test to see if it could be successful
    To make money
    Ultimately – THE COLONIES EXISTED TO FOR THE BENEFIT OF THE PARENT COUNTRY!!!
    Mercantilism
  • English Colonies
    England passed the Navigation Acts
    Meant to enrich England
    Controlled trade with the colonies
    Merchant ships had to be from colonies or England
    Ships must stop in England to pay taxes
    Sailors must be from England or the colonies
    Certain goods could only be sold in England
    Good and bad for colonies
    Protecting their investment…