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French and indian war
French and indian war
French and indian war
French and indian war
French and indian war
French and indian war
French and indian war
French and indian war
French and indian war
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French and indian war

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  • 1. French and Indian War Chapter 7 Sections 1 & 2
  • 2.
    • England and France came into conflict over land
      • English setters continued to move west into French lands
      • Conflicts occurred in the Ohio River Valley and along the Appalachian Mountains
  • 3.
    • Allies are the…
      • Algonquian
      • Huron
      • WHY?
    • Traded instead of taking Indian lands for farming
      • French trappers often adopted Indian ways and even married
      • English farmed and often ignored Indian land rights
      • English looked down on Indian culture and religion more than the French
    • Allies are the…
      • Iroquois Confederacy
      • Mohawk
    • WHY?
    • Iroquois are rivals of Algonquians
    • English offer cheap trade goods
    VS.
  • 4. Each Side had Advantages
    • BRITISH ADVANTAGES
    • 13 colonies had a population 20 times greater than New France
    • Superior Navy
    • 13 Colonies were easier to defend
    • Some Indian alliances
    • FRENCH ADVANTAGES
    • France had a single government
      • One ruler made decisions instead of 13 colonial governments
    • France had stronger Indian alliances
  • 5. FORT NECESSITY 1754
    • George Washington and 150 soldiers go to claim the Ohio River Valley
    • Washington defeated a small group of French soldiers
      • Built a small fort (Ft. Necessity)
    • The French later capture Ft. Necessity
      • Washington defeated
    • Washington was released and took news of his defeat back to Virginia
    Ft. Necessity
  • 6. French and Indian War Events
    • 1755: Braddock’s Defeat
    • British soldiers led by the “Bulldog” went to capture Ft. Duquesne from the French
    • French and Indian sharpshooters killed or wounded half of the British; Braddock dies
    • Starts a string of victories for the French and Indians over the British
  • 7. French and Indian War Events
    • 1757-1758: William Pitt’s Leadership
    • Prime Minister William Pitt (Britain) sends Britain’s best generals to the colonies
    • Gains the support of colonists by promising to buy colonial goods at high prices
    • Lord Amherst gains control of the French Fort at Louisbourg
    • Delaware Indian alliance with France falls apart
    • British take Ft. Duquesne and rename it Ft. Pitt
  • 8. French and Indian War Events
    • 1759: British Conquer Quebec
    • General James Wolfe (Britain) lays seige to Quebec, led by Montcalm (France)
      • British soldiers swarm the Plains of Abraham at daybreak
      • In battle Wolfe and Montcalm are killed but Britain wins battle
    • British win the war by conquering Quebec
  • 9. French and Indian War Events
    • 1763: Treaty of Paris
    • British gain most of Canada
    • British gain land in North America in the west up to the Mississippi River
    • Spain lost Florida to Britain

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