French and Indian War Chapter 7 Sections 1 & 2
<ul><li>England and France came into conflict over land </li></ul><ul><ul><li>English setters continued to move west into ...
<ul><li>Allies are the… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Algonquian </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Huron </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WHY? ...
Each Side had Advantages <ul><li>BRITISH ADVANTAGES </li></ul><ul><li>13 colonies had a population 20 times greater than N...
FORT NECESSITY 1754 <ul><li>George Washington and 150 soldiers go to claim the Ohio River Valley </li></ul><ul><li>Washing...
French and Indian War Events <ul><li>1755: Braddock’s Defeat </li></ul><ul><li>British soldiers led by the “Bulldog” went ...
French and Indian War Events <ul><li>1757-1758: William Pitt’s Leadership </li></ul><ul><li>Prime Minister William Pitt (B...
French and Indian War Events <ul><li>1759: British Conquer Quebec </li></ul><ul><li>General James Wolfe (Britain) lays sei...
French and Indian War Events <ul><li>1763: Treaty of Paris </li></ul><ul><li>British gain most of Canada </li></ul><ul><li...
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French and indian war

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French and indian war

  1. 1. French and Indian War Chapter 7 Sections 1 & 2
  2. 2. <ul><li>England and France came into conflict over land </li></ul><ul><ul><li>English setters continued to move west into French lands </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conflicts occurred in the Ohio River Valley and along the Appalachian Mountains </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Allies are the… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Algonquian </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Huron </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WHY? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Traded instead of taking Indian lands for farming </li></ul><ul><ul><li>French trappers often adopted Indian ways and even married </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>English farmed and often ignored Indian land rights </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>English looked down on Indian culture and religion more than the French </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Allies are the… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Iroquois Confederacy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mohawk </li></ul></ul><ul><li>WHY? </li></ul><ul><li>Iroquois are rivals of Algonquians </li></ul><ul><li>English offer cheap trade goods </li></ul>VS.
  4. 4. Each Side had Advantages <ul><li>BRITISH ADVANTAGES </li></ul><ul><li>13 colonies had a population 20 times greater than New France </li></ul><ul><li>Superior Navy </li></ul><ul><li>13 Colonies were easier to defend </li></ul><ul><li>Some Indian alliances </li></ul><ul><li>FRENCH ADVANTAGES </li></ul><ul><li>France had a single government </li></ul><ul><ul><li>One ruler made decisions instead of 13 colonial governments </li></ul></ul><ul><li>France had stronger Indian alliances </li></ul>
  5. 5. FORT NECESSITY 1754 <ul><li>George Washington and 150 soldiers go to claim the Ohio River Valley </li></ul><ul><li>Washington defeated a small group of French soldiers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Built a small fort (Ft. Necessity) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The French later capture Ft. Necessity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Washington defeated </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Washington was released and took news of his defeat back to Virginia </li></ul>Ft. Necessity
  6. 6. French and Indian War Events <ul><li>1755: Braddock’s Defeat </li></ul><ul><li>British soldiers led by the “Bulldog” went to capture Ft. Duquesne from the French </li></ul><ul><li>French and Indian sharpshooters killed or wounded half of the British; Braddock dies </li></ul><ul><li>Starts a string of victories for the French and Indians over the British </li></ul>
  7. 7. French and Indian War Events <ul><li>1757-1758: William Pitt’s Leadership </li></ul><ul><li>Prime Minister William Pitt (Britain) sends Britain’s best generals to the colonies </li></ul><ul><li>Gains the support of colonists by promising to buy colonial goods at high prices </li></ul><ul><li>Lord Amherst gains control of the French Fort at Louisbourg </li></ul><ul><li>Delaware Indian alliance with France falls apart </li></ul><ul><li>British take Ft. Duquesne and rename it Ft. Pitt </li></ul>
  8. 8. French and Indian War Events <ul><li>1759: British Conquer Quebec </li></ul><ul><li>General James Wolfe (Britain) lays seige to Quebec, led by Montcalm (France) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>British soldiers swarm the Plains of Abraham at daybreak </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In battle Wolfe and Montcalm are killed but Britain wins battle </li></ul></ul><ul><li>British win the war by conquering Quebec </li></ul>
  9. 9. French and Indian War Events <ul><li>1763: Treaty of Paris </li></ul><ul><li>British gain most of Canada </li></ul><ul><li>British gain land in North America in the west up to the Mississippi River </li></ul><ul><li>Spain lost Florida to Britain </li></ul>
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