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State of Rail in Australia
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State of Rail in Australia

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  • 1. CRC Workshop 2009 p State of Rail in Australia Bryan Nye Chief Executive Officer www.ara.net.au
  • 2. History y 1850-1900 Pioneering 1901 Lost Opportunity ( Federalism ) 1900-1960 Glory Days 1960-1996 Lost Opportunity 2000 Renaissance www.ara.net.au
  • 3. www.ara.net.au
  • 4. Seven Kingdoms g Federated History – 22 gauges, now there are 9 Standard – NSW, Inter Capital (WA, SA, VIC) Broad – VIC, SA Narrow – QLD, WA 22 Communications Networks www.ara.net.au
  • 5. Rail Industry: Size y Labour force: 44,210 people(+9.5%) people( 9.5%) – +70,000 working in industries supporting rail Investment Commitments: – Rolling stock and track $ BN $36 Track: 44 262 km 44,262 www.ara.net.au
  • 6. Track Ownership p Private Rail (BHP, Rio Tinto, FMG) 7,000 km QR 9,521 km RailCorp 1,700 km WestNet Rail 6,622 km ARTC (pre ARTC/NSW lease) 10,000 km Sugar Cane Railways 4,150 km VicTrack Vi T k 3,676 km 3 676 k Asia Pacific Rail 2,251 km www.ara.net.au
  • 7. Passenger Operators g p Rail Corp (NSW) Queensland Rail Connex /MTR(Vic franchise) V/Line Yarra Trams/KDR (Vic franchise) Great Southern Railway (GSR) TransAdelaide Veolia Transport Sydney WA Public Transport Authority Urban Passenger Rail g 724.7million journeys j y (47.6 million increase 7%) Non-Urban Passenger Rail 13.38 million journeys ( (19.2% increase) ) www.ara.net.au
  • 8. Environment Change g Relative Change 2004 to 2008 Petrol Price + 31% Population + 6% Private Road Vehicle Use + 1% Heavy Rail y + 23% Light Rail + 10% Bus + 11% Public Transport + 18%
  • 9. Freight Operators Hire and Reward Pacific National (PN) P ifi N i l Genessee and Wyoming (G&W) Queensland Rail (QR) ( ) Southern Shorthaul Railroad / Specialised Container Coote/Silverton Services (SCT) Independent Rail Australia FreightLink Freightliner Tasrail CFCL EL Zorro www.ara.net.au
  • 10. Freight Operators g p Special Operators BHP Billiton Iron Ore Pilbara Rail Company Comalco Sugar cane railways www.ara.net.au
  • 11. Rail Freight - Big Picture g g 2006/07 2007/08 Change Coal 265.79 278.43 4.75% Ore 274.12 315.72 15.2% Sugar 31.27 27.72 -11% Grain 9.79 10.08 3% Bauxite 10.18 18.06 77% Other Bulk 55.90 53.06 -5% Non-Bulk 18.58 21.76 17% Total 634.64 719.1 13% * Numbers in million tones. www.ara.net.au
  • 12. WA Investment $ $2.2 BN (Passenger & Freight) plus Rio Tinto BHP $2.3BN FMG www.ara.net.au
  • 13. SA Investment Light Rail Electrification Upgrade $2.2 BN www.ara.net.au
  • 14. VIC Investment Meeting our Transport Challenge (MTOC)-$10.2BN(10yrs Vic Regional Rail $4 15BN Rail-$4.15BN Plus $300Ml in Freight N t F i ht Networkk www.ara.net.au
  • 15. NSW Investment $6 BN Infrastructure/Rolling stock www.ara.net.au
  • 16. QLD Investment Passenger $1.4 BN Freight $2.3 BN www.ara.net.au
  • 17. ARTC – Australian Government $2.45 BN - Infrastructure www.ara.net.au
  • 18. Freight Operators Pacific National (PN) CFCLA GWS $2.1 BN FreightLink SCT www.ara.net.au
  • 19. Rail Market Share of Interstate Freight Movements DARWIN KATHERINE TENNANT CREEK 90%+ ALICE SPRINGS 80%+ BRISBANE 80%+ TARCOOLA 21% BROKEN HILL KALGOORLIE 5% PERTH SYDNEY ADELAIDE 5% 7% MELBOURNE www.ara.net.au
  • 20. Projected Market - 2010 Melbourne – Brisbane: – 53% (7.4 mt) (7 4 (26% cheaper) (25.6 hrs) Melbourne – Sydney: – 13% (6% cheaper) (10.5 hrs) Sydney – Brisbane: – 11% % (4% cheaper) (15.1 hrs) www.ara.net.au
  • 21. Transport Challenge Volume & Movement of Freight will Double Over Next 10 15 Years 10-15 Congestion Cost 13BN in 1995, $30 BN by 2015 Current R d & R il I d C t Road Rail Inadequate t Climate Change Community Expectation y p www.ara.net.au
  • 22. Benefits Safest form of land transport Environment – 9 times more energy efficient – one train, two drivers = 150 train trucks & 45,000 litres of fuel Efficient rail is a cheaper mode of freight transport than road on all inter capital corridors www.ara.net.au
  • 23. Government Challenges Ongoing Microeconomic Reform National Plan Development Incentives to Invest Regional Rail www.ara.net.au
  • 24. Regulatory Framework One Safety Regulator not seven y g One Safety Investigator Economic , Environment, OH&S, Noise, Training, Skills et al www.ara.net.au
  • 25. Dedicated Sydney Freight Corridor Southern Sydney Freight Line Port Botany + Moorebank Strathfield North – Stage 1 $800 M (Yet to be funded) Stage 2 $ $1.5 BN Stage 3 $ 2.0 BN g www.ara.net.au
  • 26. Locomotive Fleet Locomotive Age Cumulative Number Total Diesel 100% Electric All Locomotives Average Age 80% 500 Aus 34.8 Years Average Age Average Age USA 8 Years 60% 40% 250 20% 0 0% less than 5 6 to 10 11 to 15 16 to 20 21 to 25 26 to 30 more than years years years years years years 30 years www.ara.net.au
  • 27. Regional Rail www.ara.net.au
  • 28. Industry Challenges Level Crossing Passenger Operation Harmonisation Innovation and Technology Skill Shortages www.ara.net.au
  • 29. Level Crossings E ngineering Th 4 E’s he E E ducation E nforcement E nough is Enough www.ara.net.au
  • 30. Harmonisation www.ara.net.au
  • 31. Information www.ara.net.au
  • 32. Future Train Control Satellite navigation? Control Centre Voice comms On board train detection Movement authority Intelligent Advisory speed Traffic Management Key nodes Limited signalling Limited train detection www.ara.net.au
  • 33. Modular Turnouts www.ara.net.au
  • 34. Digital Technology e-cash seat reservation www.ara.net.au
  • 35. Communicate Modern Exciting Industry Internal/External Sell The Message RAIL – Today’s Solutions for Tomorrow’s Problems www.ara.net.au