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  • 1. Operations and Safety p y Phil Sochon Australasian Railway Association Program Leader CRC for Rail Innovation Drew Dawson University of South Australia Program Leader CRC for Rail Innovation Established and Supported under Australia’s Cooperative Research Centres Programme
  • 2. Overview Improving safety at level crossings Safer outcomes – fatigue Safer outcomes – Improved training New t h l i project N technologies j t Improved passenger experience Vandalism – graffiti Future directions Questions
  • 3. Improving Safety at Level Crossings C i The problem High cost of railway level crossing accidents Limited resources to upgrade sites New technologies hold co s de ab e promise considerable p o se but not well understood Combined R2 and R3 initiative
  • 4. Improving Safety at Level Crossings C i The approaches Intelligent Transport Systems Simulation studies of new technologies Measuring change in driver behaviour Railway Level Crossing Database Web- Web-based national database including Human Factors and Engineering causes
  • 5. Safer Outcomes - Fatigue g The problem Tired drivers are at higher risk of accident and injury Restricting working hours is inflexible and costly and does not necessarily improve safety Regulatory i R l t inconsistency creates diffi lti for i t t difficulties f national operators FAID is used in different ways in different states FAID is not validated for all rail safety workers y
  • 6. Safer Outcomes - Fatigue g The approaches Development of National Standard for Fatigue Risk Management in conjunction with ARA and regulators Expanded database of rail safety worker sleep- sleep-wake behaviour so that fatigue modeling software can be applied more broadly
  • 7. Safer Outcomes – Improved Training The problem Ultra- Ultra-safe organisations have a strong emphasis on promoting safety culture Safety management careers do not have strong post-graduate skilling or post- extensive discipline cohorts
  • 8. Safer Outcomes – Improved Training The approach Vocational Ed V i l Education & T i i (VET) i Training Sector Program Certificate IV (articulates) National Masters in Rail Safety y Management Graduate Certificate (6 months) ( ) Graduate Diploma (12 months) Masters in RSM (18 months)
  • 9. New Technologies Project g j The problem New technologies fundamentally change the nature of the work task The law of unintended consequence can produce perverse outcomes Designers and sales people often fail to anticipate the complex p p consequences of new technologies
  • 10. New Technologies Project g j The approach Analysis of current and emerging new in- in-cab technologies to identify p potential Human Factors p problems Development of a Human Factors toolkit that will enable purchasers of new technology to identify and anticipate Human Factors that may lead to perverse safety outcomes
  • 11. Improved passenger experience The Th problem bl Increasing passenger volumes has increased crowding This may reduce potential utilisation and increase use of private transport Passenger tolerance for static and dynamic crowding is not well y g understood in Australia
  • 12. Improved passenger experience The approach Improved understanding of the factors that determine and predict passenger tolerance for crowding Improved understanding of the consequences of crowding on urban rail operations Improved understanding of the environmental impacts of improved tolerance to crowding g
  • 13. Vandalism - Graffiti The problem Graffiti is associated with significant p g prevention and removal costs (>$20M p.a.) Graffiti reduces public satisfaction with public transport - insecurity Graffiti reduces utilisation of public transport
  • 14. Vandalism - Graffiti The approach Review of local and international approaches to prevention and removal of graffiti Findings on ho graffiti can be red ced how reduced and/or eliminated using standard and innovative approaches pp Standard technical approaches Community based initiatives Use of preventive vegetation National workshop in 2010
  • 15. Future Directions Rail i l R il simulator studies di Sydac – simulator to be co s uao o commissioned ss o ed February 2010 Improved route knowledge acquisition Accelerated driver training Single- Single-driver operations safety case Evaluating E l ti protective and adaptive t ti d d ti strategies to fatigued operations
  • 16. Questions