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Use of English Test Focus This paper tests the ability ofcandidates to apply theirknowledge of the languagesystem. Tasks focus on grammarand vocabulary.
Part Task Task Format 1 Multiple-choice A modified cloze test containing 12 gaps and cloze followed by 4-option multiple-choice items. 2 Open cloze A modified cloze test containing 12 gaps 3 A text containing 10 gaps. Each gap Word formation corresponds to a word. The stems of the missing words are given beside the text and must be changed to form the missing word. 4 Key word Eight separate items, each with a lead-in transformations sentence and a gapped second sentence to be completed in two to five words, one of which is a given ‘key word’.
1.Multiple choice cloze0 A. drink B. drinking C. drinks16. A. every B. all C. most17. A. some B. the C. a18. A. up B. with C. by19. A. on B. in C. at20. A. open B. opened C. opening21. A. these B. this C. their
Exam Tips 2. Open clozeWhen the day comes give yourself plenty of time (0) ... do everything: have breakfastbut dont drink (1) ... much; go to the toilet; arrive on time, but not too early or youwill find yourself getting more and more nervous while you wait to start. Try not totalk (2) ... the exam before you go in.In the exam, calm (3) ... down by breathing deeply and thinking positively. Read (4) ...exam questions carefully and underline all of the key instruction words (5) ... indicatehow the questions should (6) ... answered. If possible start with the ones (7) ... can doeasily to give you confidence. Remember what youve learnt from practisingquestions and doing mock exams previously and plan your use of time. Dont panic (8)... everyone around you seems to start writing furiously straight away and dont be
3. Word formationFood ProductionIn the not-too-distant past farm animals were able tolive (0) NATURAL lives in what we would now term NATUREfree-range conditions. Such farming methods however,were not able to supply the rapidly growing (1) ... POPULATEof the world and the increasing demands on food(2) ... In order to cope with this rising demand, factory CONSUMEfarming methods were introduced along with the (3) ... DEVELOPof genetically engineered (4) ... hormones, which GROWresulted in a massive increase in food (5) ... PRODUCEHowever, these developments in the use of factory farming and drug (6) ... have led to a widespread TREATfeeling that animals are being caused a lot of distressand that the quality of the food itself suffers as aconsequence. Certainly, many people (7) ... with the idea AGREEof keeping animals in one building for their entire (8) ... EXISTand argue that more emphasis should be given to (9) ... ALTERNATEfarming methods. A growing number of people arechoosing to eat organic food, supporting farmers who use free-range methods, a system which has proved to beboth (10) ... and more humane. ECONOMY
4. ¨Key¨ word transformation1. I want to go to university this year. INTERESTED I ........................................ to university this year.2.2. "Have you been on holiday recently, Jane?" asked Tony. BEEN Tony asked Jane ........................................ on holiday recently. 3. I was too tired to go to the party.
DOs• Read the words following the gaps in Parts 1 and 2 as they may have an effect on the answer.• Make sure that any verb you write in a gap in Part 2 agrees with its subject.• Write the prompt word in your answer in Part 3 without changing it in any way.• Write between two and five words as your answer in Part 4.• Check your spelling in all parts of the test.
DON’Ts• Dont choose your answer in Part 1 before you have read all the options.• Dont write out the full sentence when answering the questions in Part 4.• Dont leave the base word at the end of the line in Part 3 unchanged.• Dont decide on your answer before reading the whole of a sentence in all parts.
Common Grammar Mistakes at FCE• Using have or have got.• Must or have to.• Say or tell.• Make or do.• Like or as.• Rules for using apostrophes, capital letters and commas.• Confusing (fun/funny, bored/boring).• Still, yet or already.• Very, too or enough.• Confusing tenses (past perfect, present perfect, past simple)