Pest Management

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Frannie Miller, Integrated Pest Management Coordinator
Kansas State University
Community Gardening Conference--July 8-9, 2013

Correct identification is important to proper management. This session will focus on identification of insects commonly found in the community garden and ways to control them.

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Pest Management

  1. 1. Pest Management in Community Gardens By: Frannie Miller Pesticide Safety and IPM Coordinator
  2. 2. Types of Community Gardens • Allotment Gardens • Communal Gardens (Cooperative) • Youth/School Gardens • Therapeutic Gardens
  3. 3. PEST • Anything unwanted, troublesome, annoying or destructive
  4. 4. Managing Pests Responsibly • Integrated Pest Management (IPM) – Pest Management Strategy – Long-Term Prevention – Utilizes Regular Monitoring – Combination of Tactics
  5. 5. IPM Promotes • Know the Pest • Use Prevention First • Use Non-Chemical Solutions First • Only Use Pesticides When Needed
  6. 6. Importance • Accurate identification is very important – Different life cycles – Appropriate control methods • Without a name, information is not available • Not all insects are harmful
  7. 7. Insect Names • Common names: – Extensively used, facilitate communication – Geographic locations have different names – Example: Ladybug, ladybird beetle, Coccinelle • Binomial nomenclature: – Two part system – Consists of generic name & its species name – Examples: Musca domestica, Apis mellifera
  8. 8. Means of Identification • Visual recognition – Note habits, type of damage, life cycle • Identification services – Extension agent – Insect diagnostician • Use of dichotomous keys
  9. 9. Identification Tools • Hand lens/magnifier • Digital camera • Small vials • Identification Book/Field Guides
  10. 10. Is it an Insect? • Six legs • Three body regions • Pair of antennae • Modified appendages • Wings
  11. 11. Where does it live? • Habitats • Where did you find it? • What plant is it feeding on? • Day or night activity
  12. 12. Avoiding Pest Problems • Think before you plant – Improper planting sites • Select disease and insect resistant plants • Diversity • Go easy on water and fertilizer • Properly mow and selectively prune • Encourage beneficials
  13. 13. Identifying Pest Problems • Inspect plants regularly – Curled, rolled or deformed leaves – Mold on leaves or stems • Positively identify pest • Tolerate some insect damage & disease • Take a sample of the damaged plant if problems persist
  14. 14. Physical/Mechanical • Row covers or cardboard collars • Fencing • Traps • Mesh or wire netting • Hand picking of large insects
  15. 15. Cultural • Use of resistant varieties • Time planting to avoid infestations • Companion planting • Crop rotation and tillage • Remove diseased plants and debris
  16. 16. Biological • Beneficial insects (ladybugs) • Poultry • Birds (bluebirds, martins, barn swallows) • Bats • Toads & frogs • Snakes
  17. 17. What is a Pesticide? • “Cide” means to kill • Substance or mixture intended to prevent, control, destroy, repel or attract any pest • Also included plant regulator, defoliants or dessiccant • Example: Deet
  18. 18. Types of Pesticides • Insecticide – controls insects (carbaryl) • Fungicides – controls fungus (chlorothanonil) • Herbicides – controls weeds (glyphosate) • Miticides – control mites (insecticidal soaps) • Nematicides – controls nematodes (oxamyl)
  19. 19. Chemical • Organic – Relatively nontoxic – Spinosad, Diatomaceous earth, Copper, sulfur • Botanical – Nicotine, arsenic, pyrethrin, rotenone, neem oil • Synthetic
  20. 20. Treating Pest Problems • Remove affected leaves or plant parts • Hand removal • Avoid using broad-spectrum pesticides • Treat for specific pests • Read labels carefully • Pesticides & fertilizers are stored & disposed of properly
  21. 21. Personal Safety • Never use any chemicals without reading and understanding the label • Observe all safety warnings • Never mix any chemicals • Wear the required PPE • Keep the chemicals in the original container and with the original label • Store all chemicals properly
  22. 22. Parts of the Label • Labels Contain 4 Categories – Identifying Information – Precautionary Statements – Directions for Use – Conditions of Sale/Limitations of Warranty & Liability
  23. 23. Identifying Information • Brand, Trade or Product Names • Chemical Name • Common Name • Type of Pesticide • Net Contents • Name and Address of Manufacturer • Registration & Establishment Numbers
  24. 24. Precautionary Statements • Signal Words • Route of Entry Statements • Specific Action Statements • Protective Clothing Statement • Statement of Practical Treatment • Environmental Hazards • Physical or Chemical Hazards
  25. 25. Directions for Use • Pests Controlled • Crop, Animal, or Site • How Much to Use • Mixing Directions • Where and When the Material Should Be Applied
  26. 26. Conditions of Service • Terms and Conditions of Use • Warranty Disclaimer • Inherent Risk of Use • Limitation of Remedies
  27. 27. Protecting Your Body • Oral • Dermal • Inhalation • Acute Exposure • Chronic Exposure
  28. 28. What You Should Wear • Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) – Coveralls – Gloves – Hat – Shoes and Boots – Goggles or Face Shield
  29. 29. Care of Clothing • Laundering – Wash contaminated clothes separately – Always prerinse – Use highest water level and hot water – Use recommended amount of detergent – Run a complete cycle – Line dry
  30. 30. Protecting the Environment • Potential Hazards – Injure Non-target Plants and Animals • Drift • Runoff – Leave Harmful Residues – Move from Application Site – Contaminate Groundwater and Surface Water • Point and Non-point sources
  31. 31. Handling Pesticides Safely • Pesticide Storage – Store in designated area – Store all pesticides in original containers
  32. 32. DISEASES • Healthy soil is important • Crop rotation and succession planting • Fallow areas • Disease resistant varieties • Soil and plant treatments
  33. 33. Questions

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