1. WELCOME TO THE WORLD OF
4-H Youth Development
K-State Research and Extension
2. Kansas Community Garden Conference
• Bring together leaders in Kansas community
• Share information
• Expand the number of gardens
• Improve our existing gardens
3. Kansas Community Garden Conference
• K-State Research & Extension
– Horticulture Program Focus Team
– Community Garden Team—Dr. Cheryl
Boyer, Dr. Cary Rivard, Frannie Miller and
• Kansas Health Foundation
– Financial support for Kansas Community Garden
4. Kansas Community Garden Conference
• Current Issues
• Build a Network of Gardens and Gardeners
5. Why have a Community Garden?
• What is a community garden?
• What is the purpose of a community garden?
• What does the term community garden mean
6. History of Community Gardens
in United States
• Social reformers of the 1890’s
• World War I– supplement domestic food
supply. Public school gardens = United States
School Garden Army
• Great Depression—23 million households
gardened in garden programs in 1934
7. History of Community Gardens
in United States
• Victory Gardens of World
• 1970s—Rebirth of
• Present—Renewed interest
in growing own
8. BENEFITS OF COMMUNITY GARDENS
Brings people together
Learn from each other
Gives a place to garden for those that don’t
Apartments or mobile homes
Access to fresh, healthy food
Increase consumption of vegetables
Stretch food dollars
You can garden throughout your lifetime
11. Sense of Community
• Neighborhood Communication
• Utilize unused spaces
• Crime prevention
• Community beautification
• Property values
12. Impact of Community Gardens
• Economic Impact
– Well maintained garden: ½ lb. produce/sq. ft. area
– Approximate value of at least $2/lb.
– Average 600 sq. ft. garden=300 lb. produce
– 300 lb. X $2 = $600 produce
– $600 - $70 investment = $530 return
– 2009 National Gardening Association Survey for home
gardeners—numbers may vary for community garden
where investment $ are lower
13. Garden Planning
(Community) = (Gardening)
Good planning is critical
Many gardens have failed because of knee jerk
It’s more than just tilling under some soil
Need buy in of gardeners
Grass roots effort
Determine needs of community
Not a “one size fits all"
15. Brainstorming Session
Is there a need for a garden?
What is the purpose of the garden?
What role will the garden play in the
Who will utilize the garden?
What type of garden will meet our needs?
Who will support the garden?
16. Types of Community Gardens
17. Types of Gardens
Neighborhood Community Garden
Collective or Communal Garden
18. Neighborhood Community Garden
19. Neighborhood Community Garden
20. Characteristics of Neighborhood
• Land is divided into plots for individual or
family use. Land may be owned, rented or
borrowed by the community garden.
• Gardens are usually organized and managed
by the member gardeners.
21. Neighborhood Community Garden
• Allotment Garden
– Plots are rented to community members on an
– Most common type of garden
22. Collective or Communal Garden
23. Collective or Communal Garden
• Collective Garden
–Participants work in garden for a
common goal (ex. Food pantry
garden, grow produce to donate to low
income families, gardeners share with
each other, etc.)
–All for one and one for all
24. School Gardens
25. School Gardens
• Outdoor Classroom
– Science, math, language arts, nutrition, social
– Outdoor gathering space to enjoy nature and relax
– Help meet specific educational goals (state
– School beautification
26. Organization and Governance
• How will be organized?
• Who will call the shots?
• Who will garden?
27. Who will use the garden?
28. Who will use the garden?
• Any qualifications to have a garden plot?
–Membership in the group (ex. Church
–Age (only adults, only youth)
–Must participate in the gardens
activities, such as work
days, meetings, social events
30. Garden Governance
• Garden rules, By-Laws
• Developed by the garden group
• Specific to your situation
• Provides for smooth operation of garden
• Helps establish expectations of gardeners
• Provides for appeal processes
• Reviewed by Legal Counsel
31. Who will “run” the garden?
• Site Council of Gardeners
• Garden Manager
• Hosting Organization
32. (Community) = (Garden)
You are not a COMMUNITY GARDEN without
both COMMUNITY and GARDEN
33. Building the Team
• Team Involvement and Camaraderie
• Dedicated, motivated members
• Diversity of ages, backgrounds, skills
• Share the work load and responsibilities
• Democratic process
• Good communication
34. What are the key roles?
• Communicator/Publicity Person
• Money person—treasurer
• Dedicated Board Members
• Garden mentors
• Coordinator or Garden Manager??
35. Choosing a Site
One of the most
decisions you will
36. Site Selection
• Location, Location, Location
• Factors to Consider
– Appropriate size
– Previous Use
– Physical Characteristics
– Can you gain access to work soil with equipment?
37. Who owns the property?
• Prior use
– Industrial Residue—Toxicity—Testing is available
• Can you be guaranteed use for at least 4-5
38. Physical Characteristics
– At LEAST 6-8 hours of direct sunlight
– Must have access to water
– Water quality—check for salts
• Soil Type
– Need to do a soil test
39. Physical Characteristics
– Is the area fairly level? Will areas be underwater
after heavy rains?
– Dig hole 2 feet deep, fill with water, see how long
it takes to drain
• Existing Vegetation
– Windbreak is helpful
– Avoid area with a lot of trees in the main garden
40. Preparing the Site
Good site preparation is critical to
success of a new garden
41. Preparing the Site
• Soil Test
• Eliminate existing vegetation the summer
PRIOR to planting in spring. MORE NEW
GARDENS FAIL BECAUSE THEY WERE PLANTED
IN RECENTLY WORKED GROUND.
42. Planning the Plots
43. Garden Layout and Design
• Many options
• Avoid a lot of hardscape, trees, perennial
plantings that limit ease of tillage.
• Most gardens offer at least two plot size
• Paths need to be wide enough for
mowers, tillers, wheelbarrows, etc.
• Plan for water lines, hoses, etc.
44. Elements to Include
Location and size of
45. Open Layout
46. Aisles for equipment and hose
48. Composting Area
What will it cost to operate?
How will we fund the garden?
Who will fund the garden?
51. What will it cost??
• Need to cover expenses of garden
• Establish a budget
– Typical Expenses
• Water Bill
• Tilling/Equipment Rental/Maintenance of paths, etc.
• Infrastructure (shed, water lines, fences, amenities)
• Meeting Expenses
• Loaner Equipment (tools, water hoses, etc.)
52. How will we fund the garden?
• Garden plot rental fees
• Hosting organization support
• Local government support
• Gifts of $ or in kind
• Fundraising events
53. Who will fund the garden?
Gardeners that have made some type of
More likely to buy-in
More likely to follow through for the garden
Take pride in their garden
54. Kansas Community Garden Grants
• Joint project of K-State Research & Extension
and the Kansas Health Foundation
• Provide seed money for new gardens. Up to
$5,000 per garden
• 3 year project. 2012, 2013 and 2014
• Approximately $500,000 will be distributed
over the three year project
56. Kansas Community Garden Grants
• Visit www.kansascommunitygardens.org
• Information on how to apply for grant
• Information on recipient gardens
*Print resources *Videos
*Links to other sites *Other grant opportunities
* Sample garden documents (by-laws, rules,
rental agreements, etc.)
57. Starting a Community Garden
• Remember the importance of good planning
• Include the gardeners in the planning process
• Keep in mind that a community garden is a
community within a community
• Concurrent sessions– Your choice of topics
• Posting as many presentations as possible on
our website; check back in a few weeks
• If more than one attending from your garden
try to attend different sessions to gain more
• Room locations
• Riley Lane (established garden) and Collins
Lane (new garden, 2012 first year)
• Limited number of spaces in carpool vans
– Be at Union drop off lane at 8:00 am
• Tour as one group
– Riley Lane first (8:30-9:30)
– Collins Lane second (9:30-11:15)
– Return to Union for lunch at 11:45 am
60. Evelyn Neier
Kansas State Research & Extension