WELCOME TO THE WORLD OF
COMMUNITY GARDENS
Evelyn Neier
4-H Youth Development
K-State Research and Extension
Kansas Community Garden Conference
• Bring together leaders in Kansas community
gardens
• Share information
• Expand the n...
Kansas Community Garden Conference
• K-State Research & Extension
– Horticulture Program Focus Team
– Community Garden Tea...
Kansas Community Garden Conference
• Workshops
• Tours
• Current Issues
• Build a Network of Gardens and Gardeners
Why have a Community Garden?
• What is a community garden?
• What is the purpose of a community garden?
• What does the te...
History of Community Gardens
in United States
• Social reformers of the 1890’s
• World War I– supplement domestic food
sup...
History of Community Gardens
in United States
• Victory Gardens of World
War II
• 1970s—Rebirth of
Community Gardens
• Pre...
BENEFITS OF COMMUNITY GARDENS
Community
 Brings people together
 Learn from each other
 Gives a place to garden for those that don’t
have access
 Ap...
Health
 Nutrition
 Access to fresh, healthy food
 Increase consumption of vegetables
 Stretch food dollars
 Physical ...
Sense of Community
• Neighborhood Communication
• Utilize unused spaces
• Crime prevention
• Community beautification
• Pr...
Impact of Community Gardens
• Economic Impact
– Well maintained garden: ½ lb. produce/sq. ft. area
– Approximate value of ...
Garden Planning
(Community) = (Gardening)
Planning
 Good planning is critical
 Many gardens have failed because of knee jerk
reactions
 It’s more than just tilli...
Brainstorming Session
 Is there a need for a garden?
 What is the purpose of the garden?
 What role will the garden pla...
Types of Community Gardens
Types of Gardens
 Neighborhood Community Garden
 Collective or Communal Garden
 School Garden
Neighborhood Community Garden
Neighborhood Community Garden
Characteristics of Neighborhood
Community Garden
• Land is divided into plots for individual or
family use. Land may be ow...
Neighborhood Community Garden
• Allotment Garden
– Plots are rented to community members on an
annual basis
– Most common ...
Collective or Communal Garden
Collective or Communal Garden
• Collective Garden
–Participants work in garden for a
common goal (ex. Food pantry
garden, ...
School Gardens
School Gardens
• Outdoor Classroom
– Science, math, language arts, nutrition, social
science, etc.,
– Outdoor gathering sp...
Organization and Governance
• How will be organized?
• Who will call the shots?
• Who will garden?
Who will use the garden?
Who will use the garden?
• Any qualifications to have a garden plot?
–Membership in the group (ex. Church
congregation)
–I...
Governance
Garden Governance
• Garden rules, By-Laws
• Developed by the garden group
• Specific to your situation
• Provides for smoo...
Who will “run” the garden?
• Site Council of Gardeners
• Garden Manager
• Hosting Organization
(Community) = (Garden)
You are not a COMMUNITY GARDEN without
both COMMUNITY and GARDEN
Building the Team
• Team Involvement and Camaraderie
• Dedicated, motivated members
• Diversity of ages, backgrounds, skil...
What are the key roles?
• Leader
• Communicator/Publicity Person
• Money person—treasurer
• Recorder—secretary
• Fundraise...
Choosing a Site
One of the most
important
decisions you will
make!
Site Selection
• Location, Location, Location
• Factors to Consider
– Availability
– Appropriate size
– Previous Use
– Phy...
Who owns the property?
• Public?
• Private?
• Prior use
– Industrial Residue—Toxicity—Testing is available
through K-State...
Physical Characteristics
• Light
– At LEAST 6-8 hours of direct sunlight
• Water
– Must have access to water
– Water quali...
Physical Characteristics
• Drainage
– Is the area fairly level? Will areas be underwater
after heavy rains?
– Dig hole 2 f...
Preparing the Site
Good site preparation is critical to
success of a new garden
Preparing the Site
• Soil Test
• Eliminate existing vegetation the summer
PRIOR to planting in spring. MORE NEW
GARDENS FA...
Planning the Plots
• Design
• Size
Garden Layout and Design
• Many options
• Avoid a lot of hardscape, trees, perennial
plantings that limit ease of tillage....
Elements to Include
Garden Boundaries
Location and size of
plots
Driveways
Pathways
Water Sources
Garden Shed
Compost Bins...
Open Layout
Aisles for equipment and hose
lines
Signage
Composting Area
Bathrooms
Funding
 What will it cost to operate?
 How will we fund the garden?
 Who will fund the garden?
What will it cost??
• Need to cover expenses of garden
• Establish a budget
– Typical Expenses
• Water Bill
• Insurance
• ...
How will we fund the garden?
• Garden plot rental fees
• Hosting organization support
• Local government support
• Grants
...
Who will fund the garden?
 Gardeners that have made some type of
monetary commitment
 More likely to buy-in
 More likel...
Kansas Community Garden Grants
• Joint project of K-State Research & Extension
and the Kansas Health Foundation
• Provide ...
www.kansascommunitygardens.org
Kansas Community Garden Grants
• Visit www.kansascommunitygardens.org
• Information on how to apply for grant
• Informatio...
Starting a Community Garden
• Remember the importance of good planning
• Include the gardeners in the planning process
• K...
Workshops
• Concurrent sessions– Your choice of topics
• Posting as many presentations as possible on
our website; check b...
Tours
• Riley Lane (established garden) and Collins
Lane (new garden, 2012 first year)
• Limited number of spaces in carpo...
Evelyn Neier
Kansas State Research & Extension
eneier@ksu.edu
785-410-3760
www.kansascommunitygardens.org
Welcome to the World of Community Gardening
Welcome to the World of Community Gardening
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Welcome to the World of Community Gardening

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Evelyn Neier, Kansas Community Gardens Grant Coordinator
Kansas Community Gardens Conference, July 8-9, 2013

Welcome to the conference and overview of community gardening.

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Welcome to the World of Community Gardening

  1. 1. WELCOME TO THE WORLD OF COMMUNITY GARDENS Evelyn Neier 4-H Youth Development K-State Research and Extension
  2. 2. Kansas Community Garden Conference • Bring together leaders in Kansas community gardens • Share information • Expand the number of gardens • Improve our existing gardens
  3. 3. Kansas Community Garden Conference • K-State Research & Extension – Horticulture Program Focus Team – Community Garden Team—Dr. Cheryl Boyer, Dr. Cary Rivard, Frannie Miller and Evelyn Neier • Kansas Health Foundation – Financial support for Kansas Community Garden Grants
  4. 4. Kansas Community Garden Conference • Workshops • Tours • Current Issues • Build a Network of Gardens and Gardeners
  5. 5. Why have a Community Garden? • What is a community garden? • What is the purpose of a community garden? • What does the term community garden mean to YOU?
  6. 6. History of Community Gardens in United States • Social reformers of the 1890’s • World War I– supplement domestic food supply. Public school gardens = United States School Garden Army • Great Depression—23 million households gardened in garden programs in 1934
  7. 7. History of Community Gardens in United States • Victory Gardens of World War II • 1970s—Rebirth of Community Gardens • Present—Renewed interest in growing own food, community development, etc.
  8. 8. BENEFITS OF COMMUNITY GARDENS
  9. 9. Community  Brings people together  Learn from each other  Gives a place to garden for those that don’t have access  Apartments or mobile homes  Shaded yard  Poor soil
  10. 10. Health  Nutrition  Access to fresh, healthy food  Increase consumption of vegetables  Stretch food dollars  Physical Activity  You can garden throughout your lifetime  Mental Health  Outdoor activity
  11. 11. Sense of Community • Neighborhood Communication • Utilize unused spaces • Crime prevention • Community beautification • Property values • Education
  12. 12. Impact of Community Gardens • Economic Impact – Well maintained garden: ½ lb. produce/sq. ft. area – Approximate value of at least $2/lb. – Average 600 sq. ft. garden=300 lb. produce – 300 lb. X $2 = $600 produce – $600 - $70 investment = $530 return – 2009 National Gardening Association Survey for home gardeners—numbers may vary for community garden where investment $ are lower
  13. 13. Garden Planning (Community) = (Gardening)
  14. 14. Planning  Good planning is critical  Many gardens have failed because of knee jerk reactions  It’s more than just tilling under some soil  Need buy in of gardeners  Grass roots effort  Determine needs of community  Not a “one size fits all"
  15. 15. Brainstorming Session  Is there a need for a garden?  What is the purpose of the garden?  What role will the garden play in the community?  Who will utilize the garden?  What type of garden will meet our needs?  Who will support the garden?
  16. 16. Types of Community Gardens
  17. 17. Types of Gardens  Neighborhood Community Garden  Collective or Communal Garden  School Garden
  18. 18. Neighborhood Community Garden
  19. 19. Neighborhood Community Garden
  20. 20. Characteristics of Neighborhood Community Garden • Land is divided into plots for individual or family use. Land may be owned, rented or borrowed by the community garden. • Gardens are usually organized and managed by the member gardeners.
  21. 21. Neighborhood Community Garden • Allotment Garden – Plots are rented to community members on an annual basis – Most common type of garden
  22. 22. Collective or Communal Garden
  23. 23. Collective or Communal Garden • Collective Garden –Participants work in garden for a common goal (ex. Food pantry garden, grow produce to donate to low income families, gardeners share with each other, etc.) –All for one and one for all
  24. 24. School Gardens
  25. 25. School Gardens • Outdoor Classroom – Science, math, language arts, nutrition, social science, etc., – Outdoor gathering space to enjoy nature and relax • Goals – Help meet specific educational goals (state education standards) – School beautification
  26. 26. Organization and Governance • How will be organized? • Who will call the shots? • Who will garden?
  27. 27. Who will use the garden?
  28. 28. Who will use the garden? • Any qualifications to have a garden plot? –Membership in the group (ex. Church congregation) –Income level –Age (only adults, only youth) –Must participate in the gardens activities, such as work days, meetings, social events
  29. 29. Governance
  30. 30. Garden Governance • Garden rules, By-Laws • Developed by the garden group • Specific to your situation • Provides for smooth operation of garden • Helps establish expectations of gardeners • Provides for appeal processes • Reviewed by Legal Counsel
  31. 31. Who will “run” the garden? • Site Council of Gardeners • Garden Manager • Hosting Organization
  32. 32. (Community) = (Garden) You are not a COMMUNITY GARDEN without both COMMUNITY and GARDEN
  33. 33. Building the Team • Team Involvement and Camaraderie • Dedicated, motivated members • Diversity of ages, backgrounds, skills • Share the work load and responsibilities • Democratic process • Good communication
  34. 34. What are the key roles? • Leader • Communicator/Publicity Person • Money person—treasurer • Recorder—secretary • Fundraiser • Dedicated Board Members • Garden mentors • Coordinator or Garden Manager??
  35. 35. Choosing a Site One of the most important decisions you will make!
  36. 36. Site Selection • Location, Location, Location • Factors to Consider – Availability – Appropriate size – Previous Use – Physical Characteristics – Can you gain access to work soil with equipment?
  37. 37. Who owns the property? • Public? • Private? • Prior use – Industrial Residue—Toxicity—Testing is available through K-State – Compaction • Can you be guaranteed use for at least 4-5 years?
  38. 38. Physical Characteristics • Light – At LEAST 6-8 hours of direct sunlight • Water – Must have access to water – Water quality—check for salts • Soil Type – Need to do a soil test
  39. 39. Physical Characteristics • Drainage – Is the area fairly level? Will areas be underwater after heavy rains? – Dig hole 2 feet deep, fill with water, see how long it takes to drain • Existing Vegetation – Windbreak is helpful – Avoid area with a lot of trees in the main garden area
  40. 40. Preparing the Site Good site preparation is critical to success of a new garden
  41. 41. Preparing the Site • Soil Test • Eliminate existing vegetation the summer PRIOR to planting in spring. MORE NEW GARDENS FAIL BECAUSE THEY WERE PLANTED IN RECENTLY WORKED GROUND.
  42. 42. Planning the Plots • Design • Size
  43. 43. Garden Layout and Design • Many options • Avoid a lot of hardscape, trees, perennial plantings that limit ease of tillage. • Most gardens offer at least two plot size options. • Paths need to be wide enough for mowers, tillers, wheelbarrows, etc. • Plan for water lines, hoses, etc.
  44. 44. Elements to Include Garden Boundaries Location and size of plots Driveways Pathways Water Sources Garden Shed Compost Bins Benches Bathroom facilities Signage
  45. 45. Open Layout
  46. 46. Aisles for equipment and hose lines
  47. 47. Signage
  48. 48. Composting Area
  49. 49. Bathrooms
  50. 50. Funding  What will it cost to operate?  How will we fund the garden?  Who will fund the garden?
  51. 51. What will it cost?? • Need to cover expenses of garden • Establish a budget – Typical Expenses • Water Bill • Insurance • Tilling/Equipment Rental/Maintenance of paths, etc. • Infrastructure (shed, water lines, fences, amenities) • Meeting Expenses • Loaner Equipment (tools, water hoses, etc.)
  52. 52. How will we fund the garden? • Garden plot rental fees • Hosting organization support • Local government support • Grants • Gifts of $ or in kind • Fundraising events
  53. 53. Who will fund the garden?  Gardeners that have made some type of monetary commitment  More likely to buy-in  More likely to follow through for the garden season  Feel ownership  Take pride in their garden
  54. 54. Kansas Community Garden Grants • Joint project of K-State Research & Extension and the Kansas Health Foundation • Provide seed money for new gardens. Up to $5,000 per garden • 3 year project. 2012, 2013 and 2014 • Approximately $500,000 will be distributed over the three year project
  55. 55. www.kansascommunitygardens.org
  56. 56. Kansas Community Garden Grants • Visit www.kansascommunitygardens.org • Information on how to apply for grant • Information on recipient gardens • Resources *Print resources *Videos *Links to other sites *Other grant opportunities * Sample garden documents (by-laws, rules, rental agreements, etc.)
  57. 57. Starting a Community Garden • Remember the importance of good planning • Include the gardeners in the planning process • Keep in mind that a community garden is a community within a community
  58. 58. Workshops • Concurrent sessions– Your choice of topics • Posting as many presentations as possible on our website; check back in a few weeks www.kansascommunitygardens.org • If more than one attending from your garden try to attend different sessions to gain more knowledge • Room locations
  59. 59. Tours • Riley Lane (established garden) and Collins Lane (new garden, 2012 first year) • Limited number of spaces in carpool vans – Be at Union drop off lane at 8:00 am • Tour as one group – Riley Lane first (8:30-9:30) – Collins Lane second (9:30-11:15) – Return to Union for lunch at 11:45 am
  60. 60. Evelyn Neier Kansas State Research & Extension eneier@ksu.edu 785-410-3760 www.kansascommunitygardens.org

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