Welcome to the World of Community Gardening

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Evelyn Neier, Kansas Community Gardens Grant Coordinator …

Evelyn Neier, Kansas Community Gardens Grant Coordinator
Kansas Community Gardens Conference, July 8-9, 2013

Welcome to the conference and overview of community gardening.

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  • 1. WELCOME TO THE WORLD OF COMMUNITY GARDENS Evelyn Neier 4-H Youth Development K-State Research and Extension
  • 2. Kansas Community Garden Conference • Bring together leaders in Kansas community gardens • Share information • Expand the number of gardens • Improve our existing gardens
  • 3. Kansas Community Garden Conference • K-State Research & Extension – Horticulture Program Focus Team – Community Garden Team—Dr. Cheryl Boyer, Dr. Cary Rivard, Frannie Miller and Evelyn Neier • Kansas Health Foundation – Financial support for Kansas Community Garden Grants
  • 4. Kansas Community Garden Conference • Workshops • Tours • Current Issues • Build a Network of Gardens and Gardeners
  • 5. Why have a Community Garden? • What is a community garden? • What is the purpose of a community garden? • What does the term community garden mean to YOU?
  • 6. History of Community Gardens in United States • Social reformers of the 1890’s • World War I– supplement domestic food supply. Public school gardens = United States School Garden Army • Great Depression—23 million households gardened in garden programs in 1934
  • 7. History of Community Gardens in United States • Victory Gardens of World War II • 1970s—Rebirth of Community Gardens • Present—Renewed interest in growing own food, community development, etc.
  • 8. BENEFITS OF COMMUNITY GARDENS
  • 9. Community  Brings people together  Learn from each other  Gives a place to garden for those that don’t have access  Apartments or mobile homes  Shaded yard  Poor soil
  • 10. Health  Nutrition  Access to fresh, healthy food  Increase consumption of vegetables  Stretch food dollars  Physical Activity  You can garden throughout your lifetime  Mental Health  Outdoor activity
  • 11. Sense of Community • Neighborhood Communication • Utilize unused spaces • Crime prevention • Community beautification • Property values • Education
  • 12. Impact of Community Gardens • Economic Impact – Well maintained garden: ½ lb. produce/sq. ft. area – Approximate value of at least $2/lb. – Average 600 sq. ft. garden=300 lb. produce – 300 lb. X $2 = $600 produce – $600 - $70 investment = $530 return – 2009 National Gardening Association Survey for home gardeners—numbers may vary for community garden where investment $ are lower
  • 13. Garden Planning (Community) = (Gardening)
  • 14. Planning  Good planning is critical  Many gardens have failed because of knee jerk reactions  It’s more than just tilling under some soil  Need buy in of gardeners  Grass roots effort  Determine needs of community  Not a “one size fits all"
  • 15. Brainstorming Session  Is there a need for a garden?  What is the purpose of the garden?  What role will the garden play in the community?  Who will utilize the garden?  What type of garden will meet our needs?  Who will support the garden?
  • 16. Types of Community Gardens
  • 17. Types of Gardens  Neighborhood Community Garden  Collective or Communal Garden  School Garden
  • 18. Neighborhood Community Garden
  • 19. Neighborhood Community Garden
  • 20. Characteristics of Neighborhood Community Garden • Land is divided into plots for individual or family use. Land may be owned, rented or borrowed by the community garden. • Gardens are usually organized and managed by the member gardeners.
  • 21. Neighborhood Community Garden • Allotment Garden – Plots are rented to community members on an annual basis – Most common type of garden
  • 22. Collective or Communal Garden
  • 23. Collective or Communal Garden • Collective Garden –Participants work in garden for a common goal (ex. Food pantry garden, grow produce to donate to low income families, gardeners share with each other, etc.) –All for one and one for all
  • 24. School Gardens
  • 25. School Gardens • Outdoor Classroom – Science, math, language arts, nutrition, social science, etc., – Outdoor gathering space to enjoy nature and relax • Goals – Help meet specific educational goals (state education standards) – School beautification
  • 26. Organization and Governance • How will be organized? • Who will call the shots? • Who will garden?
  • 27. Who will use the garden?
  • 28. Who will use the garden? • Any qualifications to have a garden plot? –Membership in the group (ex. Church congregation) –Income level –Age (only adults, only youth) –Must participate in the gardens activities, such as work days, meetings, social events
  • 29. Governance
  • 30. Garden Governance • Garden rules, By-Laws • Developed by the garden group • Specific to your situation • Provides for smooth operation of garden • Helps establish expectations of gardeners • Provides for appeal processes • Reviewed by Legal Counsel
  • 31. Who will “run” the garden? • Site Council of Gardeners • Garden Manager • Hosting Organization
  • 32. (Community) = (Garden) You are not a COMMUNITY GARDEN without both COMMUNITY and GARDEN
  • 33. Building the Team • Team Involvement and Camaraderie • Dedicated, motivated members • Diversity of ages, backgrounds, skills • Share the work load and responsibilities • Democratic process • Good communication
  • 34. What are the key roles? • Leader • Communicator/Publicity Person • Money person—treasurer • Recorder—secretary • Fundraiser • Dedicated Board Members • Garden mentors • Coordinator or Garden Manager??
  • 35. Choosing a Site One of the most important decisions you will make!
  • 36. Site Selection • Location, Location, Location • Factors to Consider – Availability – Appropriate size – Previous Use – Physical Characteristics – Can you gain access to work soil with equipment?
  • 37. Who owns the property? • Public? • Private? • Prior use – Industrial Residue—Toxicity—Testing is available through K-State – Compaction • Can you be guaranteed use for at least 4-5 years?
  • 38. Physical Characteristics • Light – At LEAST 6-8 hours of direct sunlight • Water – Must have access to water – Water quality—check for salts • Soil Type – Need to do a soil test
  • 39. Physical Characteristics • Drainage – Is the area fairly level? Will areas be underwater after heavy rains? – Dig hole 2 feet deep, fill with water, see how long it takes to drain • Existing Vegetation – Windbreak is helpful – Avoid area with a lot of trees in the main garden area
  • 40. Preparing the Site Good site preparation is critical to success of a new garden
  • 41. Preparing the Site • Soil Test • Eliminate existing vegetation the summer PRIOR to planting in spring. MORE NEW GARDENS FAIL BECAUSE THEY WERE PLANTED IN RECENTLY WORKED GROUND.
  • 42. Planning the Plots • Design • Size
  • 43. Garden Layout and Design • Many options • Avoid a lot of hardscape, trees, perennial plantings that limit ease of tillage. • Most gardens offer at least two plot size options. • Paths need to be wide enough for mowers, tillers, wheelbarrows, etc. • Plan for water lines, hoses, etc.
  • 44. Elements to Include Garden Boundaries Location and size of plots Driveways Pathways Water Sources Garden Shed Compost Bins Benches Bathroom facilities Signage
  • 45. Open Layout
  • 46. Aisles for equipment and hose lines
  • 47. Signage
  • 48. Composting Area
  • 49. Bathrooms
  • 50. Funding  What will it cost to operate?  How will we fund the garden?  Who will fund the garden?
  • 51. What will it cost?? • Need to cover expenses of garden • Establish a budget – Typical Expenses • Water Bill • Insurance • Tilling/Equipment Rental/Maintenance of paths, etc. • Infrastructure (shed, water lines, fences, amenities) • Meeting Expenses • Loaner Equipment (tools, water hoses, etc.)
  • 52. How will we fund the garden? • Garden plot rental fees • Hosting organization support • Local government support • Grants • Gifts of $ or in kind • Fundraising events
  • 53. Who will fund the garden?  Gardeners that have made some type of monetary commitment  More likely to buy-in  More likely to follow through for the garden season  Feel ownership  Take pride in their garden
  • 54. Kansas Community Garden Grants • Joint project of K-State Research & Extension and the Kansas Health Foundation • Provide seed money for new gardens. Up to $5,000 per garden • 3 year project. 2012, 2013 and 2014 • Approximately $500,000 will be distributed over the three year project
  • 55. www.kansascommunitygardens.org
  • 56. Kansas Community Garden Grants • Visit www.kansascommunitygardens.org • Information on how to apply for grant • Information on recipient gardens • Resources *Print resources *Videos *Links to other sites *Other grant opportunities * Sample garden documents (by-laws, rules, rental agreements, etc.)
  • 57. Starting a Community Garden • Remember the importance of good planning • Include the gardeners in the planning process • Keep in mind that a community garden is a community within a community
  • 58. Workshops • Concurrent sessions– Your choice of topics • Posting as many presentations as possible on our website; check back in a few weeks www.kansascommunitygardens.org • If more than one attending from your garden try to attend different sessions to gain more knowledge • Room locations
  • 59. Tours • Riley Lane (established garden) and Collins Lane (new garden, 2012 first year) • Limited number of spaces in carpool vans – Be at Union drop off lane at 8:00 am • Tour as one group – Riley Lane first (8:30-9:30) – Collins Lane second (9:30-11:15) – Return to Union for lunch at 11:45 am
  • 60. Evelyn Neier Kansas State Research & Extension eneier@ksu.edu 785-410-3760 www.kansascommunitygardens.org