Fruit for Community Gardens

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Larry Crouse, Horticulture Extension Agent (Butler County) …

Larry Crouse, Horticulture Extension Agent (Butler County)
Kansas Community Garden Conference, July 8-9, 2013

Considerations for growing fruit in a Community Garden.

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Transcript

  • 1. Tree Fruit in a Community Garden Larry Crouse Horticulture Agent K-State Research & Extension Butler County
  • 2. Conditions That Favor Fruit Growing in Kansas • 160 to 190 growing days • More than 800 hours below 45 but above 32 F Blackberries: 200 to 700 hours Apple: 800 - 1700 hours Peach: 500 - 1200 hours • Abundant sunlight • Moisture (varies with location) • Soils (varies with location)
  • 3. Conditions That Limit Fruit Production in Kansas • Late spring frosts • Winter temperature below -15F • High pH soils (especially western half of KS)
  • 4. Fruit - Pollination Requirements Cross-Pollination - Two Varieties Needed • Sweet Cherries • Japanese Plums • Pears • Winesap Apples • Apple - Beneficial • European Plums - Beneficial
  • 5. Fruit - Pollination Requirements Self-Pollination - Only One Variety Needed • Apricots • Peaches and Nectarines • Blackberries • Raspberries • Tart Cherries • Grapes • Strawberries
  • 6. TREE FRUITS • Apples • Pears • Peaches • Plums • Cherries
  • 7. Apples
  • 8. Apples Size of Trees • Dwarf - 8 to 10 feet tall • Semi-Dwarf - 12 to 15 feet tall • Standard - 18 to 25 feet tall
  • 9. Apples • Need Cross-pollination - at least two varieties for pollination • Dwarfing rootstocks not only keep trees smaller and easier to work with but also reduces the number of years to fruiting
  • 10. Apples Years to First Crop • Dwarf - 3 to 4 years • Semi-Dwarf - 4 to 5 years • Standard - 5 to 7 years
  • 11. Apples (cont.) • Fixed costs – • Pruning, fertilization • Crop costs - • Thinning, • Insect & Disease control, • Harvest
  • 12. PEARS • Two varieties needed for cross pollination • Refrigeration • Value added? Baked goods, Pear in a bottle? • Harvesting Hand • Cold Storage limits 2 to 7 months depending on variety
  • 13. PEACHES • Only one variety needed for pollination - multiple varieties suggested for extending the harvest season • Refrigeration • Value added Cider, baked goods, candy, • Harvesting Hand • Cold Storage 14 to 28 days
  • 14. PLUMS • Japanese plums need a cross pollinator, • European Plums do better with a cross pollinator but can produce without one • Refrigeration • Value added Dried fruit, juice • Harvesting Hand • Cold Storage 14 to 28 days
  • 15. TART CHERRIES • Only one variety needed for pollination • Refrigeration • Value added Cider, baked goods, candy, dried fruit Harvesting Hand • Cold Storage 3 to 7 days
  • 16. Management ???’s • Fruit is a long term investment – Is there a long term commitment? • Who buys the plants? • Where are the plants going to be planted?
  • 17. • Who is going to care for them- *Water, fertilizer, pruning, pest control, harvest. • What is going to happen to the harvest? *If sold, where does the money go? *If distributed, who decides?
  • 18. Pest Control • Agreement must be made prior to planting regarding methods of pest control. Considerations must be made as to proximity of trees to other crops.
  • 19. Numana’s Community Garden
  • 20. Potatoes almost ready to dig
  • 21. We will not be able to plant as close to the trees next year……
  • 22. Sweet potatoes
  • 23. Questions??? • Contact info: Larry Crouse 206 N. Griffith, Suite A El Dorado, KS (316) 321-9660 lcrouse@ksu.edu
  • 24. The End