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Fruit for Community Gardens
Fruit for Community Gardens
Fruit for Community Gardens
Fruit for Community Gardens
Fruit for Community Gardens
Fruit for Community Gardens
Fruit for Community Gardens
Fruit for Community Gardens
Fruit for Community Gardens
Fruit for Community Gardens
Fruit for Community Gardens
Fruit for Community Gardens
Fruit for Community Gardens
Fruit for Community Gardens
Fruit for Community Gardens
Fruit for Community Gardens
Fruit for Community Gardens
Fruit for Community Gardens
Fruit for Community Gardens
Fruit for Community Gardens
Fruit for Community Gardens
Fruit for Community Gardens
Fruit for Community Gardens
Fruit for Community Gardens
Fruit for Community Gardens
Fruit for Community Gardens
Fruit for Community Gardens
Fruit for Community Gardens
Fruit for Community Gardens
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Fruit for Community Gardens

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Larry Crouse, Horticulture Extension Agent (Butler County) …

Larry Crouse, Horticulture Extension Agent (Butler County)
Kansas Community Garden Conference, July 8-9, 2013

Considerations for growing fruit in a Community Garden.

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Transcript

  1. Tree Fruit in a Community Garden Larry Crouse Horticulture Agent K-State Research & Extension Butler County
  2. Conditions That Favor Fruit Growing in Kansas • 160 to 190 growing days • More than 800 hours below 45 but above 32 F Blackberries: 200 to 700 hours Apple: 800 - 1700 hours Peach: 500 - 1200 hours • Abundant sunlight • Moisture (varies with location) • Soils (varies with location)
  3. Conditions That Limit Fruit Production in Kansas • Late spring frosts • Winter temperature below -15F • High pH soils (especially western half of KS)
  4. Fruit - Pollination Requirements Cross-Pollination - Two Varieties Needed • Sweet Cherries • Japanese Plums • Pears • Winesap Apples • Apple - Beneficial • European Plums - Beneficial
  5. Fruit - Pollination Requirements Self-Pollination - Only One Variety Needed • Apricots • Peaches and Nectarines • Blackberries • Raspberries • Tart Cherries • Grapes • Strawberries
  6. TREE FRUITS • Apples • Pears • Peaches • Plums • Cherries
  7. Apples
  8. Apples Size of Trees • Dwarf - 8 to 10 feet tall • Semi-Dwarf - 12 to 15 feet tall • Standard - 18 to 25 feet tall
  9. Apples • Need Cross-pollination - at least two varieties for pollination • Dwarfing rootstocks not only keep trees smaller and easier to work with but also reduces the number of years to fruiting
  10. Apples Years to First Crop • Dwarf - 3 to 4 years • Semi-Dwarf - 4 to 5 years • Standard - 5 to 7 years
  11. Apples (cont.) • Fixed costs – • Pruning, fertilization • Crop costs - • Thinning, • Insect & Disease control, • Harvest
  12. PEARS • Two varieties needed for cross pollination • Refrigeration • Value added? Baked goods, Pear in a bottle? • Harvesting Hand • Cold Storage limits 2 to 7 months depending on variety
  13. PEACHES • Only one variety needed for pollination - multiple varieties suggested for extending the harvest season • Refrigeration • Value added Cider, baked goods, candy, • Harvesting Hand • Cold Storage 14 to 28 days
  14. PLUMS • Japanese plums need a cross pollinator, • European Plums do better with a cross pollinator but can produce without one • Refrigeration • Value added Dried fruit, juice • Harvesting Hand • Cold Storage 14 to 28 days
  15. TART CHERRIES • Only one variety needed for pollination • Refrigeration • Value added Cider, baked goods, candy, dried fruit Harvesting Hand • Cold Storage 3 to 7 days
  16. Management ???’s • Fruit is a long term investment – Is there a long term commitment? • Who buys the plants? • Where are the plants going to be planted?
  17. • Who is going to care for them- *Water, fertilizer, pruning, pest control, harvest. • What is going to happen to the harvest? *If sold, where does the money go? *If distributed, who decides?
  18. Pest Control • Agreement must be made prior to planting regarding methods of pest control. Considerations must be made as to proximity of trees to other crops.
  19. Numana’s Community Garden
  20. Potatoes almost ready to dig
  21. We will not be able to plant as close to the trees next year……
  22. Sweet potatoes
  23. Questions??? • Contact info: Larry Crouse 206 N. Griffith, Suite A El Dorado, KS (316) 321-9660 lcrouse@ksu.edu
  24. The End

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