South America PowerPoint


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South America PowerPoint

  1. 1. South America<br />
  2. 2. 1. How have historical figures and events affected South America today?<br />How has location affected the development of countries in South America?<br />How has the role of the government changed over time in South America countries?<br />What physical and cultural characteristics make the countries of South America countries?<br />What factors have contributed to economics success and failures in different South American countries?<br />Essential Questions<br />
  3. 3. Political Map<br />
  4. 4. Caribbean Sea<br />Lake Maracaibo<br />Physical Map<br />Orinoco River<br />Atlantic Ocean<br />Llanos<br />Angle Falls<br />Guiana High lands<br />Amazon River<br />Amazon Basin<br />Galapagos Islands<br />MatoGrosso Plateau<br />Pacific Ocean<br />Brazilian Highlands<br />Lake Titicaca<br />Andes Mountains<br />Atacama Desert<br />Pampas<br />Rio Del Plata<br />Patagonia<br />Strait of Magellan<br />Tierra del Fuego<br />
  5. 5. Areas of South America<br />Caribbean South America- <br />Colombia<br />Venezuela<br /> Guyana <br />Suriname<br />French Guiana<br />Atlantic South America-<br />Brazil<br />Paraguay<br />Argentina<br />Uruguay<br />Pacific South America<br />Ecuador<br />Peru<br />Bolivia<br />Chile<br />
  6. 6. Key Terms<br />
  7. 7. Colombia<br />Animal<br />Region- Caribbean South America<br />Capital-Bogota<br />Landform-Andes, Llanos<br />Body of Water-Cauca River<br />Climate-Humid subtropical, Highlands, Tropical savanna<br />Population-43 million<br />Language-Romance-Spanish and Portuguese<br />Religion-Christianity-northwestern section<br />Government-Republic<br />Economy-Agriculture, oil, iron ore, gold, coal and emeralds<br />80% of Columbian flowers are shipped to the US<br />
  8. 8. Venezuela<br />Animal<br />Red-billed Toucan<br />Joropo- Lively couples dance.<br />Simon Bolivar-led Venezuelan Revolution against Spain<br />Region: Caribbean South America<br />Capital: Caracas<br />Landform: Llanos<br />Body of Water: Orinoco River-longest river in South America, Angel Falls, <br />Climate: Warm temperatures year round- but varies with elevation<br />Population: 25.4 million<br />Language: Spanish<br />Religion: 50% Christianity, <br /> 50% No dominate religion<br />Government: Federal Republic<br />Economy: Oil <br />
  9. 9. Guyana<br />Animal<br />Region: Caribbean South America<br />Capital: Georgetown<br />Landform: Guiana Highlands<br />Much of Guyana is covered by the rain forest<br />Body of Water: Atlantic Ocean<br />Climate: Warm temperatures year round- but varies with elevation<br />Population: 765,000<br />Language: English<br />Religion: 50% Christianity, 50% No dominate religion<br />Government: Republic<br />Economy: Rice and sugar cane<br />
  10. 10. Suriname<br />Animal<br />Region: Caribbean South America<br />Capital: Paramaribo<br />Landform: Guiana Highlands<br />Body of Water: Atlantic Ocean<br />Climate: Warm temperatures year round- but varies with elevation<br />Population: 438,100<br />Language: Dutch<br />Religion: 50% Christianity, 50% No dominate religion<br />Government: Republic<br />Economy: Rice and sugar cane<br />
  11. 11. French Guiana<br />Animal<br />Region: Caribbean South America<br />Capital: Cayenne<br />Landform: flat land<br />Body of Water: Atlantic Ocean<br />Climate: Warm temperatures year round- but varies with elevation<br />Population: 217,000<br />Religion: 50% Christianity, 50% No dominate religion<br />Government: Republic<br />Economy: Heavily depends on France- mainly fishing<br />
  12. 12. Brazil<br />Carnival-Festival that Brizillians celebrate before the Christian season of Lent<br />Soccer- futbol-most popular sport<br />Region: Atlantic South America<br />Capital: Brasilia<br />Landform: Amazon Basin (Giant flood plain<br />Body of Water: Amazon River<br />Climate: Tropical Savanna, Humid tropical, Humid subtropical, steppe, and marine west coast<br />Population:186. 1 million<br />American Indians were the first people who lived in Brazil<br />Language: Portuguese<br />Religion: Roman Catholic<br />Government: Federal Republic<br />Economy: Regions<br />Southeast- Largest cities, rich in natural resources, productive farmland, coffee growing region<br />Northeast- Poorest region, cannot read and health care is poor-known for tourism-beautiful beaches<br />Interior- Abundant land and mild climate-could be a strong agriculture area.<br />The Amazon-industrial area- areas of the dense rain forest are now being developed –mining and logging- new roads are bringing more people to area.<br />
  13. 13. Paraguay<br />Animal<br />Region: Atlantic South America<br />Capital: Asuncion<br />Landform: Landlocked country <br /> Gran Chaco<br />Body of Water: Paraguay River<br />Climate: Humid Subtropical<br />Population: 6.3 million<br />Language: Spanish, Guarani<br />Religion: Roman Catholic<br />Government: Republic<br />Economy: Paraguay’s wealth is controlled by a few rich families and companies.<br />Agriculture is very important-cotton, corn, soybeans and sugarcane<br />
  14. 14. Uruguay<br />Animal<br />Region: Atlantic South America<br />Capital: Montevideo<br />Landform: plains<br />Body of Water: Rio de la Plata- estuary- partially enclosed body of water where fresh water mixes with salt water<br />Climate: Humid subtropical<br />Population: 3.4 million<br />Language: Spanish<br />Religion: Roman Catholic<br />Government: Republic<br />Economy: Beef is important export –<br />Agriculture and manufacturing is basis of economy<br />
  15. 15. Argentina<br />Animal<br />Region: Atlantic South America<br />Southern most country in South America<br />Capital: Buenos Aires<br />Landform: <br />Patagonia-region of dry plains and plateaus<br />Pampas- wide grassy plain<br />Andes-mountains<br />Body of Water: Parana River<br />Climate: Marine west coast, steppe<br />Population: 39.5 million (Argentina’s culture has been mostly influenced by Europeans<br />Language: Spanish<br />Religion: Roman Catholic<br />Government: Republic<br />Economy: Economy has always been affected by government policies- Argentina joined a group- Mercosur-group that promotes trade and economic cooperation<br />Agriculture- produce beef, grow wheat and corn<br />Informal economy- part of the economy based on odd jobs that people perform without government regulation through taxes.<br />
  16. 16. Ecuador<br />Animal<br />Region: Pacific South America<br />Capital: Quito<br />Landform: Andes<br />Body of Water: Gulf of Guayaquil<br />Climate: Mediterranean<br />Population: 13.4 million<br />Language: Spanish, Quechua<br />Religion: Roman Catholic<br />Government: Republic<br />Economy: 3 regions<br />Coastal lowlands- agriculture and industry<br />Andean region- poorer-tourism<br />Amazon basin- valuable oil deposits<br />
  17. 17. Peru<br />Animal<br />Region: Pacific South America<br />Capital: Lima<br />Landform: Andes<br />Body of Water: Lake Titicaca<br />Climate: Highland and Desert<br />Population: 27.9 million<br />Language: Spanish, Quechua, Aymara<br />Religion: Roman Catholic<br />Government: Republic<br />Economy: Resources-key factor<br />Mineral deposits<br />Hydroelectric projects<br />Highlands- grow potatoes and corn<br />
  18. 18. Bolivia<br />Animal<br />Region: Pacific South America<br />Capital: :La Paz, Sucre<br />Landform: Andes<br />Body of Water: Lake Titicaca<br />Climate: Tropical savanna, Highland<br />Population: 8.9 million<br />Language: Spanish, Quechua, Aymara<br />Religion: Roman Catholic<br />Government: Republic<br />Economy: Poorest country in South America<br />Few roads and little money for investment<br />Valuable resources- metals and natural gas<br />
  19. 19. Chile<br />Animal<br />Region: Pacific South America<br />Capital: Santiago<br />Landform: Atacama Desert-(Known for being cloudy and dry)<br />Body of Water: Pacific Ocean<br />Climate: Desert, Mediterranean, Marine West Coast<br />Population: 16 million<br />Language: Spanish<br />Religion: Roman Catholic<br />Government: Republic<br />1970- After the coup, Chile was ruled by harsh military government<br />Economy: Strongest in the Pacific South America region<br />Agriculture –grapes-(wine)<br />Fishing <br />Farming<br />Mining<br />International trade –key factor to Chile’s economy<br />
  20. 20. Colombian Exchange<br />By the 1400’s the Inca, an early people who ruled a vast empire in western South America, had developed thousands of varieties of potatoes. So, how did potatoes get from such a faraway time and place to part of our everyday lives?<br />Before 1400’s people living in the Eastern Hemisphere were unknown to people living in the Western Hemisphere. <br />This changed in 1492, when explorer Christopher Columbus sailed from Spain and landed in the Bahamas in the Americas. Believing he had reached the Indies of Asia, Columbus named the people on the islands, “Indians” and claimed the land for Spain<br />He returned the next year bringing many ships and men and with this trip, Columbus began what is known as the “Columbian Exchange”-An exchange of people, animals, plants and even diseases between the two hemispheres<br />