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South America PowerPoint

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  • 1. South America
  • 2. 1. How have historical figures and events affected South America today?
    How has location affected the development of countries in South America?
    How has the role of the government changed over time in South America countries?
    What physical and cultural characteristics make the countries of South America countries?
    What factors have contributed to economics success and failures in different South American countries?
    Essential Questions
  • 3. Political Map
  • 4. Caribbean Sea
    Lake Maracaibo
    Physical Map
    Orinoco River
    Atlantic Ocean
    Llanos
    Angle Falls
    Guiana High lands
    Amazon River
    Amazon Basin
    Galapagos Islands
    MatoGrosso Plateau
    Pacific Ocean
    Brazilian Highlands
    Lake Titicaca
    Andes Mountains
    Atacama Desert
    Pampas
    Rio Del Plata
    Patagonia
    Strait of Magellan
    Tierra del Fuego
  • 5. Areas of South America
    Caribbean South America-
    Colombia
    Venezuela
    Guyana
    Suriname
    French Guiana
    Atlantic South America-
    Brazil
    Paraguay
    Argentina
    Uruguay
    Pacific South America
    Ecuador
    Peru
    Bolivia
    Chile
  • 6. Key Terms
  • 7. Colombia
    Animal
    Region- Caribbean South America
    Capital-Bogota
    Landform-Andes, Llanos
    Body of Water-Cauca River
    Climate-Humid subtropical, Highlands, Tropical savanna
    Population-43 million
    Language-Romance-Spanish and Portuguese
    Religion-Christianity-northwestern section
    Government-Republic
    Economy-Agriculture, oil, iron ore, gold, coal and emeralds
    80% of Columbian flowers are shipped to the US
  • 8. Venezuela
    Animal
    Red-billed Toucan
    Joropo- Lively couples dance.
    Simon Bolivar-led Venezuelan Revolution against Spain
    Region: Caribbean South America
    Capital: Caracas
    Landform: Llanos
    Body of Water: Orinoco River-longest river in South America, Angel Falls,
    Climate: Warm temperatures year round- but varies with elevation
    Population: 25.4 million
    Language: Spanish
    Religion: 50% Christianity,
    50% No dominate religion
    Government: Federal Republic
    Economy: Oil
  • 9. Guyana
    Animal
    Region: Caribbean South America
    Capital: Georgetown
    Landform: Guiana Highlands
    Much of Guyana is covered by the rain forest
    Body of Water: Atlantic Ocean
    Climate: Warm temperatures year round- but varies with elevation
    Population: 765,000
    Language: English
    Religion: 50% Christianity, 50% No dominate religion
    Government: Republic
    Economy: Rice and sugar cane
  • 10. Suriname
    Animal
    Region: Caribbean South America
    Capital: Paramaribo
    Landform: Guiana Highlands
    Body of Water: Atlantic Ocean
    Climate: Warm temperatures year round- but varies with elevation
    Population: 438,100
    Language: Dutch
    Religion: 50% Christianity, 50% No dominate religion
    Government: Republic
    Economy: Rice and sugar cane
  • 11. French Guiana
    Animal
    Region: Caribbean South America
    Capital: Cayenne
    Landform: flat land
    Body of Water: Atlantic Ocean
    Climate: Warm temperatures year round- but varies with elevation
    Population: 217,000
    Religion: 50% Christianity, 50% No dominate religion
    Government: Republic
    Economy: Heavily depends on France- mainly fishing
  • 12. Brazil
    Carnival-Festival that Brizillians celebrate before the Christian season of Lent
    Soccer- futbol-most popular sport
    Region: Atlantic South America
    Capital: Brasilia
    Landform: Amazon Basin (Giant flood plain
    Body of Water: Amazon River
    Climate: Tropical Savanna, Humid tropical, Humid subtropical, steppe, and marine west coast
    Population:186. 1 million
    American Indians were the first people who lived in Brazil
    Language: Portuguese
    Religion: Roman Catholic
    Government: Federal Republic
    Economy: Regions
    Southeast- Largest cities, rich in natural resources, productive farmland, coffee growing region
    Northeast- Poorest region, cannot read and health care is poor-known for tourism-beautiful beaches
    Interior- Abundant land and mild climate-could be a strong agriculture area.
    The Amazon-industrial area- areas of the dense rain forest are now being developed –mining and logging- new roads are bringing more people to area.
  • 13. Paraguay
    Animal
    Region: Atlantic South America
    Capital: Asuncion
    Landform: Landlocked country
    Gran Chaco
    Body of Water: Paraguay River
    Climate: Humid Subtropical
    Population: 6.3 million
    Language: Spanish, Guarani
    Religion: Roman Catholic
    Government: Republic
    Economy: Paraguay’s wealth is controlled by a few rich families and companies.
    Agriculture is very important-cotton, corn, soybeans and sugarcane
  • 14. Uruguay
    Animal
    Region: Atlantic South America
    Capital: Montevideo
    Landform: plains
    Body of Water: Rio de la Plata- estuary- partially enclosed body of water where fresh water mixes with salt water
    Climate: Humid subtropical
    Population: 3.4 million
    Language: Spanish
    Religion: Roman Catholic
    Government: Republic
    Economy: Beef is important export –
    Agriculture and manufacturing is basis of economy
  • 15. Argentina
    Animal
    Region: Atlantic South America
    Southern most country in South America
    Capital: Buenos Aires
    Landform:
    Patagonia-region of dry plains and plateaus
    Pampas- wide grassy plain
    Andes-mountains
    Body of Water: Parana River
    Climate: Marine west coast, steppe
    Population: 39.5 million (Argentina’s culture has been mostly influenced by Europeans
    Language: Spanish
    Religion: Roman Catholic
    Government: Republic
    Economy: Economy has always been affected by government policies- Argentina joined a group- Mercosur-group that promotes trade and economic cooperation
    Agriculture- produce beef, grow wheat and corn
    Informal economy- part of the economy based on odd jobs that people perform without government regulation through taxes.
  • 16. Ecuador
    Animal
    Region: Pacific South America
    Capital: Quito
    Landform: Andes
    Body of Water: Gulf of Guayaquil
    Climate: Mediterranean
    Population: 13.4 million
    Language: Spanish, Quechua
    Religion: Roman Catholic
    Government: Republic
    Economy: 3 regions
    Coastal lowlands- agriculture and industry
    Andean region- poorer-tourism
    Amazon basin- valuable oil deposits
  • 17. Peru
    Animal
    Region: Pacific South America
    Capital: Lima
    Landform: Andes
    Body of Water: Lake Titicaca
    Climate: Highland and Desert
    Population: 27.9 million
    Language: Spanish, Quechua, Aymara
    Religion: Roman Catholic
    Government: Republic
    Economy: Resources-key factor
    Mineral deposits
    Hydroelectric projects
    Highlands- grow potatoes and corn
  • 18. Bolivia
    Animal
    Region: Pacific South America
    Capital: :La Paz, Sucre
    Landform: Andes
    Body of Water: Lake Titicaca
    Climate: Tropical savanna, Highland
    Population: 8.9 million
    Language: Spanish, Quechua, Aymara
    Religion: Roman Catholic
    Government: Republic
    Economy: Poorest country in South America
    Few roads and little money for investment
    Valuable resources- metals and natural gas
  • 19. Chile
    Animal
    Region: Pacific South America
    Capital: Santiago
    Landform: Atacama Desert-(Known for being cloudy and dry)
    Body of Water: Pacific Ocean
    Climate: Desert, Mediterranean, Marine West Coast
    Population: 16 million
    Language: Spanish
    Religion: Roman Catholic
    Government: Republic
    1970- After the coup, Chile was ruled by harsh military government
    Economy: Strongest in the Pacific South America region
    Agriculture –grapes-(wine)
    Fishing
    Farming
    Mining
    International trade –key factor to Chile’s economy
  • 20. Colombian Exchange
    By the 1400’s the Inca, an early people who ruled a vast empire in western South America, had developed thousands of varieties of potatoes. So, how did potatoes get from such a faraway time and place to part of our everyday lives?
    Before 1400’s people living in the Eastern Hemisphere were unknown to people living in the Western Hemisphere.
    This changed in 1492, when explorer Christopher Columbus sailed from Spain and landed in the Bahamas in the Americas. Believing he had reached the Indies of Asia, Columbus named the people on the islands, “Indians” and claimed the land for Spain
    He returned the next year bringing many ships and men and with this trip, Columbus began what is known as the “Columbian Exchange”-An exchange of people, animals, plants and even diseases between the two hemispheres

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