August 31, 2010<br />Mrs. Miles’ Social Studies Class<br />
August 31stOpener<br />Pericles was a Athenian leader who supported what?<br />A) the military<br />B) education, art, literature and architecture<br />C) farming<br />D) the expansion of Greece<br />The Acropolis provided the Greeks a place to/ for what?<br />A) protection, worship and socialization<br />B) train the military<br />C)a farming area<br />D)a trading area<br />
City-States<br />City-States are political units made up of a city and all surrounding lands. City-States were geographically formed by mountains and valleys<br />The two most famous Greek city-states were Athens and Sparta<br />
Athens<br />Athenians thought that having a strong mind was equally as important as being physically strong<br /> <br />Athens was an important trading center. (it is located 4 miles from the coast)<br />
Athens (Continued)<br /> Athenian boys began school when they were six years old<br />boys were taught reading, writing, music and history. <br />a boy became a citizen in Athens when he was eighteen. (he was expected to know all the laws)<br />After a boy became a citizen he spent the next two years in the army<br />
Athens (Continued)<br />Athens had the first democratic government. (everyone had a voice in their government)<br /> <br />Athens had many famous philosophers that included Socrates, Plato and Aristotle<br />
Sparta<br />Sparta was Athens’ rival city-state.<br />Sparta valued strength, deceit of an enemy and fearlessness about death<br />Sparta’s power came from its tough and professional army<br />
Sparta (continued)<br />Sparta was ruled by an oligarchy (small ruling group) of rich families.<br />Spartans valued order and discipline.<br />Dominated Greece from 600 B.C.to 371 B.C.<br />
Sparta (Continued)<br />Newborn babies were inspected to see if they were strong enough to be a Spartan<br />Boys at the age of seven left their family to begin military training<br />Spartan boys were whipped if they made a mistake. They were supposed to show no sign of pain while being whipped.<br />
Sparta (Continued)<br />Spartan boys had only a basic education. They were instructed in reading and writing.<br />Men became full citizens at the age of 30. Then they could hold office or vote.<br />All Spartan men ate their meals with the army; not with their families .<br />
Sparta (continued)<br />Spartan women’s job was to have strong healthy babies.<br />Spartan girls were just as athletic as the boys. They learned how to wrestle, throw a javelin and they exercised daily.<br />Spartan women could own their own land, run their households and conduct business.<br />
Sparta (Continued)<br />Spartan men were not allowed to do any manual labor outside of their job as soldiers. Slaves were used to do the manual labor.<br />Spartans were expected to fight to the death.<br />Sparta defeated Athens in the Peloponnesian War (431 to 404 B.C.)<br />Sparta’s dominance only lasted until 371 B.C. when it was defeated by the city-state of Thebes.<br />
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