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Ancient greece vocab

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  • 1. MRS. MILES’ SOCIAL STUDIES CLASS August 30, 2010
  • 2. August 30 th Openers
    • The city-state Athens focused on what?
      • A) military techniques
      • B) trading, farming and the army
      • C) education, the arts and government
      • D) religion and culture
    • Athens is said to have the first what?
      • A) democracy
      • B) navy
      • C) temple
      • D) agora
  • 3. Ancient Greece Vocabulary
    • Parthenon— symbol of Ancient Greece. It was a temple to Athena. Athenians believed that the Parthenon (the temple to Athena)provided protection for their city-state
    • Acropolis– fortress located in the center of most city-states. A place that provided Greeks with protection, a place to worship and a place to socialize (gather).
  • 4. Ancient Greece Vocabulary
    • City-State--are political units made up of a city and all surrounding lands. Many city-states were geographically formed by rugged mountains and isolated valleys
    • Athens– city-state located in eastern Greece. Famous for its focus on education, literature, government and art
  • 5. Ancient Greece Vocabulary
    • Sparta– rival city-state of Athens. Famous for its focus on its military
    • Hellenistic –”Greek-like” Historians refer to blended cultures (cultures that have aspects of Greek influence) as Hellenistic.
  • 6. Ancient Greece Vocabulary
    • Golden Age— a period in a society’s history marked by great achievement. In Greece it was a time when Greek thinkers, artists and writers contributed many new ideas to the world.
    • Pericles—most famous leader in all Athenian history. He encouraged Athenians by supporting education, art, literature and architecture
  • 7. Ancient Greece Vocabulary
    • Alexander the Great— a ruler who united all of Greece.
    • Direct Democracy— A system of government in which the people participate directly in decision making.
  • 8. Ancient Greece Vocabulary
    • The following columns were created by the Greeks and are still used in architecture today.
    • Doric Column--a Greek-style column with only a simple decoration around the top
  • 9. Ancient Greece Vocabulary
    • Ionic Column--a Greek-style column topped by a single scroll just below the top
  • 10. Ancient Greece Vocabulary
    • Corinthian Column-- a Greek-style column topped by bag of curlicues, scrolls and other lavish decoration.
  • 11. Ancient Greece Vocabulary
    • Mythology--is the body of stories and legends belonging to the ancient Greeks concerning their gods and heroes. These stories were about the nature of the world.
  • 12. Ancient Greece Vocabulary
    • Monotheism--belief in a single God
    • Polytheism—belief in multiple (many) gods