Ancient Greece
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Ancient Greece

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Ancient Greece Presentation Transcript

  • 1. MRS. MILES’ SOCIAL STUDIES CLASS August 30, 2010
  • 2. August 30 th Openers
    • The city-state Athens focused on what?
      • A) military techniques
      • B) trading, farming and the army
      • C) education, the arts and government
      • D) religion and culture
    • Athens is said to have the first what?
      • A) democracy
      • B) navy
      • C) temple
      • D) agora
  • 3. Ancient Greece Vocabulary
    • Parthenon— symbol of Ancient Greece. It was a temple to Athena. Athenians believed that the Parthenon (the temple to Athena)provided protection for their city-state
    • Acropolis– fortress located in the center of most city-states. A place that provided Greeks with protection, a place to worship and a place to socialize (gather).
  • 4. Ancient Greece Vocabulary
    • City-State--are political units made up of a city and all surrounding lands. Many city-states were geographically formed by rugged mountains and isolated valleys
    • Athens– city-state located in eastern Greece. Famous for its focus on education, literature, government and art
  • 5. Ancient Greece Vocabulary
    • Sparta– rival city-state of Athens. Famous for its focus on its military
    • Hellenistic –”Greek-like” Historians refer to blended cultures (cultures that have aspects of Greek influence) as Hellenistic.
  • 6. Ancient Greece Vocabulary
    • Golden Age— a period in a society’s history marked by great achievement. In Greece it was a time when Greek thinkers, artists and writers contributed many new ideas to the world.
    • Pericles—most famous leader in all Athenian history. He encouraged Athenians by supporting education, art, literature and architecture
  • 7. Ancient Greece Vocabulary
    • Alexander the Great— a ruler who united all of Greece.
    • Direct Democracy— A system of government in which the people participate directly in decision making.
  • 8. Ancient Greece Vocabulary
    • The following columns were created by the Greeks and are still used in architecture today.
    • Doric Column--a Greek-style column with only a simple decoration around the top
  • 9. Ancient Greece Vocabulary
    • Ionic Column--a Greek-style column topped by a single scroll just below the top
  • 10. Ancient Greece Vocabulary
    • Corinthian Column-- a Greek-style column topped by bag of curlicues, scrolls and other lavish decoration.
  • 11. Ancient Greece Vocabulary
    • Mythology--is the body of stories and legends belonging to the ancient Greeks concerning their gods and heroes. These stories were about the nature of the world.
  • 12. Ancient Greece Vocabulary
    • Monotheism--belief in a single God
    • Polytheism—belief in multiple (many) gods
  • 13. Zeus
    • God of the heavens and the earth, ruler of the weather, giver of justice
    • Ruled with his lightning and thunderbolts
    • Symbols: eagle and oak tree
    • Olympic Games began in Anceint Greece (776 BC). They were a religious festival in honor of Zeus
  • 14. Hera
    • Goddess of marriage and married women; wife of Zeus
    • Symbol: cow
  • 15. Poseidon
    • God of the sea and earthquakes; brother of Zeus
    • Symbols: trident, dolphins and horses
  • 16. Hades
    • God of the underworld; guarded all the dead
    • Symbol: Cerberus (three headed dog)
  • 17. Hestia
    • Goddess of the hearth and home; known for her pure and simple life
    • Symbol: hearth fire
  • 18. Demeter
    • Goddess of all growing things; when she was sad and lonely plants did not grow (winter)
    • Symbols: a bunch of wheat and the cornucopia
  • 19. Athena
    • Goddess of wisdom and war; daughter of Zeus who sprouted from his head
    • Symbol: owl and olive tree
  • 20. Aphrodite
    • Goddess of love and beauty; born form the foam of the sea and rode to shore on a seashell
    • Symbol: dove, sparrow and rose
  • 21. Ares
    • God of war, hatred and violence; he had a short temper
    • Symbols: dogs, vultures, spear and shield
  • 22. Hades
    • God of the underworld; guarded all the dead
    • Symbol: Cerberus (three headed dog)
  • 23. Hestia
    • Goddess of the hearth and home; known for her pure and simple life
    • Symbol: hearth fire
  • 24. Demeter
    • Goddess of all growing things; when she was sad and lonely plants did not grow (winter)
    • Symbols: a bunch of wheat and the cornucopia
  • 25. Athena
    • Goddess of wisdom and war; daughter of Zeus who sprouted from his head
    • Symbol: owl and olive tree
  • 26. Aphrodite
    • Goddess of love and beauty; born form the foam of the sea and rode to shore on a seashell
    • Symbol: dove, sparrow and rose
  • 27. Ares
    • God of war, hatred and violence; he had a short temper
    • Symbols: dogs, vultures, spear and shield
  • 28. Hephaestus
    • God of blacksmiths, metalworkers and craftsmen; son of Zeus and Hera; married to Aphrodite
    • Symbol: anvil and hammer
  • 29. Apollo
    • God of sunlight, truth, poetry, music and healing; twin brother of the goddess Artemis; protector of single men
    • Symbols: lyre (harp) and wreath
  • 30. Artemis
    • Goddess of the moon, single women, hunting and childbirth
    • Symbols: crescent moon, stag (deer), bow and arrow
  • 31. Hermes
    • God of trade, travel and theft; messenger for the gods
    • Symbols: winged cap and winged sandals
  • 32. Dionysus
    • God of wine, parties and drama
    • Symbols: grapes, a wine cup or a leopard
  • 33. City-States
    • City-States are political units made up of a city and all surrounding lands. City-States were geographically formed by mountains and valleys
    • The two most famous Greek city-states were Athens and Sparta
  • 34. Athens
    • Athenians thought that having a strong mind was equally as important as being physically strong
    •  
    • Athens was an important trading center. (it is located 4 miles from the coast)
  • 35. Athens (Continued)
    • Athenian boys began school when they were six years old
    • boys were taught reading, writing, music and history. 
    • a boy became a citizen in Athens when he was eighteen. (he was expected to know all the laws)
    • After a boy became a citizen he spent the next two years in the army
  • 36. Athens (Continued)
    • Athens had the first democratic government. (everyone had a voice in their government)
    •  
    • Athens had many famous philosophers that included Socrates, Plato and Aristotle
  • 37. Sparta
    • Sparta was Athens’ rival city-state.
    • Sparta valued strength, deceit of an enemy and fearlessness about death
    • Sparta’s power came from its tough and professional army
  • 38. Sparta (continued)
    • Sparta was ruled by an oligarchy (small ruling group) of rich families.
    • Spartans valued order and discipline.
    • Dominated Greece from 600 B.C.to 371 B.C.
  • 39. Sparta (Continued)
    • Newborn babies were inspected to see if they were strong enough to be a Spartan
    • Boys at the age of seven left their family to begin military training
    • Spartan boys were whipped if they made a mistake. They were supposed to show no sign of pain while being whipped.
  • 40. Sparta (Continued)
    • Spartan boys had only a basic education. They were instructed in reading and writing.
    • Men became full citizens at the age of 30. Then they could hold office or vote.
    • All Spartan men ate their meals with the army; not with their families .
  • 41. Sparta (continued)
    • Spartan women’s job was to have strong healthy babies.
    • Spartan girls were just as athletic as the boys. They learned how to wrestle, throw a javelin and they exercised daily.
    • Spartan women could own their own land, run their households and conduct business.
  • 42. Sparta (Continued)
    • Spartan men were not allowed to do any manual labor outside of their job as soldiers. Slaves were used to do the manual labor.
    • Spartans were expected to fight to the death.
    • Sparta defeated Athens in the Peloponnesian War (431 to 404 B.C.)
    • Sparta’s dominance only lasted until 371 B.C. when it was defeated by the city-state of Thebes.