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IBC Chapter 15, Roofing

IBC Chapter 15, Roofing

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  • BUR- Built Up Roofing High Labor and Capital input. This method is favored by established contractors SBS (Modified Bitumen) Long service history in Europe. Lower Labor alternative to BUR APP-(Modified Bitumen) Simple installation with roofing torch. Favored by small contractors. Increasing fire safety concerns. EPDM- Rubber Roofing- Low labor input. 20 year service history. Dominates new construction Thermoplastics- Very low labor input. Fastest growing market segment. Less than 20 year service history.
  • Job size: 96 squares. Existing adhered EPDM (rubber) membrane removed. Existing wood-fiber cover board removed -- termites! Existing roof insulation removed. New expanded polystyrene insulation and gypsum cover board installed in low-rise foam.
  • 3 plies Type IV glass-fiber felts installed in hot asphalt.
  • Not shown: surfacing is modified bitumen (SBS) cap sheet. White granule surfacing.
  • Note red Line indicates that sheet is not adhered and will flutter during high winds. May not wish to have a MAS system on auditorium
  • Less Seams Communicate largest sheet size 50’ x 200’ Ask group if they can name all of the EPDM manufactures
  • Wood Blocking - Bad Detail but commonly used. Trends are moving to non penetrating systems Note Roof Color

IBC Seminar 091112, R1 IBC Seminar 091112, R1 Presentation Transcript

  • Commercial Roofing in the IBC
      • Covering IBC Chapter 15
      • Roof Assemblies & Rooftop Structures
      • Robert Dye, FCSI, LEED-AP
      • Registered Roof Consultant
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  • Overview
    • ICBO Chapter 15 provides requirements in the following areas applicable to roofing:
      • Fire resistance
      • Roof Drainage
      • Wind uplift resistance
      • Material standards
  • Section 1501 - General
    • 1501.1 – Scope The provisions of this chapter shall govern the design, materials, construction, and quality of roof assemblies, and rooftop structures.
  • Section 1502 – Definitions
  • Section 1502 – Definitions
    • Aggregate . Crushed stone, crushed slag or water-worn gravel used for surfacing for roof coverings.
    • Ballast . Large stones or paver systems or light-weight interlocking paver systems used to provide uplift resistance.
  • Section 1502 – Definitions
    • Built-up Roof Covering . Two or more layers of felt cemented together and surfaced with a cap sheet, mineral aggregate, smooth coating or similar surfacing material.
    • Interlayment . A layer of felt or nonbituminous saturated felt not less than 18 inches (457 mm) wide, shingled between each course of a wood-shake roof covering.
  • Section 1502 – Definitions
    • Mechanical Equipment Screen . A partially enclosed rooftop structure used to aesthetically conceal heating ventilating and air conditioning (HVAC) electrical or mechanical equipment from view.
    • Metal Roof Panel . An interlocking metal sheet having a minimum installed weather exposure of 3 square feet (.279 m2) per sheet.
  • Section 1502 – Definitions
    • Metal Roof Shingle . An interlocking metal sheet having an installed weather exposure less than 3 square feet (.279 m2) per sheet.
    • Modified Bitumen Roof Covering . One or more layers of polymer-modified asphalt sheets. The sheet materials shall be fully adhered or mechanically attached to the substrate or held in place with an approved ballast layer.
  • Section 1502 – Definitions
    • Penthouse . An enclosed, unoccupied structure above the roof of a building, other than a tank, tower, spire, dome cupola or bulkhead.
    • Positive Roof Drainage . The drainage condition in which consideration has been made for all loading deflections of the roof deck, and additional slope has been provided to ensure drainage of the roof within 48 hours of precipitation.
  • Section 1502 – Definitions
    • Reroofing . The process of recovering or replacing an existing roof covering. See “Roof recover” and “Roof replacement.”
    • Roof Assembly . A system designed to provide weather protection and resistance to design loads. The system consists of a roof covering and roof deck or a single component serving as both the roof covering and the roof deck. A roof assembly includes the roof deck, vapor retarder, substrate or thermal barrier, insulation, vapor retarder and roof covering.
  • Section 1502 – Definitions
    • Roof Covering . The covering applied to the roof deck for weather resistance, fire classification or appearance.
    • Roof Deck . The flat or sloped surface not including its supporting members or vertical supports.
  • Section 1502 – Definitions
    • Roof Recover . The process of installing an additional roof covering over a prepared existing roof covering without removing the existing roof covering.
    • Roof Repair . Reconstruction or renewal of any part of an existing roof for the purposes of its maintenance.
  • Section 1502 – Definitions
    • Roof Replacement . The process of removing the existing roof covering, repairing any damaged substrate and installing a new roof covering.
    • Roof Ventilation . The natural or mechanical process of supplying conditioned or unconditioned air to, or removing such air from, attics, cathedral ceilings or other enclosed spaces over which a roof assembly is installed.
  • Section 1502 – Definitions
    • Rooftop Structure . An enclosed structure on or above the roof of any part of a building.
    • Scupper . An opening in a wall or parapet that allows water to drain from a roof.
  • Section 1502 – Definitions
    • Single-Ply Membrane . A roofing membrane that is field applied using one layer of membrane material (either homogeneous or composite) rather than multiple layers.
    • Underlayment . One or more layers of felt, sheathing paper, nonbituminous saturated felt or other approved material over which a steep-slope roof covering is applied.
  • 1503 Weather Protection
  • 1503.1 Weather Protection
    • Roof decks shall be covered with approved roof coverings secured to the building or structure in accordance with the provisions of this chapter.
    • Roof coverings shall be designed, installed and maintained in accordance with this code and the approved manufacturer’s installation instructions such that the roof covering shall serve to protect the building or structure.
  • 1503.2 Flashing
    • Flashing shall be installed in such a manner so as to prevent moisture entering the wall and roof through joints in copings, walls, intersections and other penetrations.
  • 1503.3 Coping
    • Parapet walls shall be properly coped with noncombustable, weatherproof materials of a width no less than the thickness of the parapet wall.
  • 1503.4 Roof Drainage
    • Shall comply with International Plumbing Code.
  • P1101.7 Roof Design
    • Roofs shall be designed for the maximum possible depth of water that will pond thereon as determined by the relative levels of roof deck and overflow weirs, scuppers, edges or serviceable drains in combination with the deflected structural elements.
    • In determining the maximum possible depth of water, all primary roof drainage means shall be assumed to be blocked.
  • P1106.6 Size of Roof Gutters
    • The size of semicircular gutters shall be based on the maximum projected roof area in accordance with Table 1106.6.
    • Gutters and leaders placed on the outside of buildings, shall be of non-combustible material or a minimum of Schedule 40 plastic pipe.
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  • Table P1106.6 Size of Roof Gutters
    • Put a copy of chart 1106.6 in this slide.
  • P1106.1 Roof Drain Sizing
    • The size of the vertical conductors and leaders, building storm drains, building storm sewers, and any horizontal branches of such drains or sewers shall be based on the 100-year hourly rainfall rate indicated in Figures P1106.1A through 1E or other rainfall rates determined from approved local weather data.
  • P1106.2 Vertical Conductors/Leaders
    • Vertical conductors and leaders shall be sized for the maximum projected roof area, in accordance with Table P1106.2.
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  • 1503.4.1 Secondary Drainage
    • Secondary (emergency) roof drains or scuppers shall be provided where the roof perimeter construction extends above the roof in such a manner that water will be entrapped if the primary drains allow build-up for any reason.
  • P1107.2 Separate Systems Required
    • Secondary roof drain systems shall have piping and point of discharge separate from the primary system.
    • Discharge shall be above grade in a location that would normally be observed by the building occupants or maintenance personnel.
  • P1107.3 Sizing of Secondary Drains
    • Size secondary roof drain systems in accordance with Section P1106 based on the rainfall rate for which the primary system is sized . . .
    • Size scuppers to prevent the depth of ponding water from exceeding that for which the roof was designed as determined by Section P1101.7.
    • Do not consider the flow through the primary system when sizing the secondary roof drain system.
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  • Location of Drains (NRCA)
    • Certain decks, such as precast concrete decks or long-span prestressed concrete decks, may incorporate camber in anticipation of future loading conditions. Consider the camber in the design of the roof slope and drainage system. Depending on the structural design of a roof system and placement of drains, the camber may assist or restrict drainage.
  • Roof Slope Camber (NRCA)
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  • 1504 Performance Requirement
  • 1504.1 Wind Resistance of Roofs
    • Design roof decks and roof coverings for wind loads in accordance with Chapter 16 and Sections 1504.2, .3, and .4.
    • Exception: Design asphalt shingles application for wind speeds in accordance with Section 1507.2.7.
  • 1504.2 Wind Resistance of Clay and Concrete Tile
    • Wind loads on clay and concrete tile roof coverings shall be in accordance with Section 1609.5.
  • 1504.3 Wind Resistance of nonballasted roofs.
    • Roof coverings that are mechanically attached or adhered to the roof deck shall be designed to resist the design wind load pressures in accordance with Section 1609.
  • 1609.7.1 Roof Deck
    • Design the roof deck to withstand the wind pressures determined under either the provisions of Section 1609.6 for buildings with a mean roof height not exceeding 60 feet or Section 1609.1.1 for buildings of any height.
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  • 1504.3.1 Other Roof Systems
    • Roof systems with built-up, modified bitumen, fully adhered or mechanically attached single-ply through fastened metal panel roof systems, and other types of membrane roof coverings shall also be tested in accordance with FM 4474, UL 580 or UL 1897. (Wind uplift standards)
  • 1504.3.2 Metal Panel Roof Systems
    • Metal panel roof systems through fastened or standing seam shall be tested in accordance with UL 580 or ASTM E 1592.
  • 1504.4 Ballasted Low-slope Roofs
    • Design ballasted low-slope (<2:12) single-ply roof systems installed in accordance with Section 1507 in accordance with Section 1504.8 and ANSI/SPRI RP-4.
  • 1504.5 Edge Securement (wind)
    • Low slope membrane roof systems metal edge securement, except gutters, shall be designed and installed in accordance with Chapter 16 and tested in accordance with ANSI/SPRI ES-1, except the basic wind speed shall be determined from Figure 1609.
  • 1504.7 Impact Resistance (Hail)
    • Roof coverings installed on low slope roofs (<2:12) in accordance with Section 1507 shall resist impact damage based on the results of tests conducted in accordance with ASTM D3746, ASTM D4272, CGSB 37-GP-52M or FM 4470.
  • 1504.8 Aggregate
    • Aggregate, gravel or stone used as ballast shall not be used on the roof of a building located in a hurricane-prone region.
  • 1505 Fire Classification
  • 1505 Fire Classification
    • The minimum roof coverings installed on buildings shall comply with Table 1505.1 based on the type of construction of the building.
  • Fire-Resistance of Roof Materials
    • UL-790 (ASTM E-108) is the UL standard for tests of roof covering systems for resistance to fire originating form sources outside a building. The tests include the intermittent flame test, the spread-of-flame test, and the burning brand test for systems installed on combustible decks. On non-combustible decks, only the spread of flame test is required.
  • Table 1505.1 – Fire Classification
  • 1505.2 Class A Roof Assemblies
    • Class A roof assemblies are those that are effective against severe fire test exposure.
  • 1505.2 Class A Roof Assemblies
    • Exceptions:
    • 1. Class A roof assemblies include those with coverings of brick, masonry or exposed concrete roof deck.
  • 1505.2 Class A Roof Assemblies
    • Exceptions:
    • 2. Class A roof assemblies also include ferrous or copper shingles or sheets, clay or concrete roof tiles installed on noncombustible decks.
  • 1505.3 Class B Roof Assemblies
    • Class B roof assemblies are those that are effective against moderate fire-test exposure.
    • Shall be listed and identified as Class B by an approved testing agency.
  • 1505.4 Class C Roof Assemblies
    • Class C roof assemblies are those that are effective against light fire-test exposure.
  • 1505.5 Non-classified Roofing
    • Non-classified roofing is approved material that is not listed as a Class A, B or C roof covering.
  • Section 1506 - Materials
  • Section 1506.1 - Scope
    • Roof coverings shall be applied in accordance with this chapter and the manufacturer’s installation instructions.
  • 1506.2 Compatibility of Materials
    • Roofs and roof coverings shall be of materials that are compatible with each other and with the building or structure to which the materials are applied.
  • 1506.3 Material Specifications
    • Roof covering materials shall conform to the applicable standards listed in this chapter.
    • In the absence of applicable standards or where materials are of questionable suitability, testing by an approved testing agency shall be required by the building official to determine the character, quality and limitations of application of the materials.
  • 1506.4 Product Identification
    • Roof covering materials shall be delivered in packages bearing the manufacturer’s identifying marks and approved testing agency labels required in accordance with Section 1505.
    • Bulk shipments of materials shall be accompanied with the same information issued in the form of a certificate or on a bill of lading by the manufacturer.
  • Section 1507 – Materials Standards
  • Section 1507 – Materials Standards
    • 1507.1 – Scope
    • 1507.2 – Asphalt Shingles
    • 1507.3 – Clay and Concrete Tile
    • 1507.4 – Metal Roof Panels
  • Section 1507.2 – Asphalt Shingles
    • 1507.2.7 Attachment. Asphalt shingle shall have the minimum number of fasteners required by the manufacturer, but not less than four fasteners per strip shingle or two fasteners per individual shingle.
  • Section 1507.x.x – Ice Barrier
    • In areas where there has been a history of ice forming along the eaves causing a backup of water, an ice barrier . . . shall be used in lieu of normal underlayment and extend from the lowest edges of all roof surfaces to a point 24 inches inside the exterior wall line of the building.
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  • Section 1507 – Materials Standards
    • 1507.5 – Metal Roof Shingles
    • 1507.6 – Mineral-Surfaced Roll Roofing
    • 1507.7 – Slate Shingles
    • 1507.8 – Wood Shingles
  •  
  • Section 1507 – Materials Standards
    • 1507.9 – Wood Shakes
    • 1507.10 – Built-Up Roofs
    • 1507.11 – Modified Bitumen Roofing
    • 1507.12 – Thermoset Single-ply Roofing
  • Section 1507 – Materials Standards
    • 1507.13 – Thermoplastic single-ply
    • 1507.14 – Sprayed polyurethane foam
    • 1507.15 – Liquid applied
    • 1507.16 – Roof gardens and landscaped
  • U. S. Low-Slope Roofing Market: ( Millions of Square Feet Installed ) New Construction Reroofing 76% 24%
  • Key Segments APP BUR Built-Up Roofing Modified Bitumen THERMOPLASTICS Thermoplastic EPDM THERMOSET
  • Section 1507.10 – Built-Up Roofs
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  • Built Up Roofing
    • Redundancy
      • Typically 4 plies
    • Proven Track Record
  • Built Up Roofing
    • Hazardous Installation Techniques
    • Kettles, Open Flames and Safety Concerns
    • Lack of Elongation
      • Need to build in expansion joints
    • Susceptible to “thermal shock”
    • Difficult to Repair
    • Labor Intensive
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  • Section 1507.11 – Modified Bitumen
  • Polymer Modified Bitumen Membranes
    • Developed in Europe in the 1960’s
    • “ change the asphalt” by introducing polymers.
    • Increase flexibility, elongation and long term waterproofing
    • Reduce number of layers used for an asphalt roof
  • Modified Bitumen Base Sheet & Cap Sheet
        • SBS
        • APP
    Membranes: Metal Deck Insulation Fasteners Cap Sheet Base Sheet
  • Modified Bitumen Roofing
    • Redundant
    • Puncture Resistant
    • Resistant Foot Traffic
  • Modified Bitumen Roofing
    • Hazardous Application Techniques
      • Torches
      • Hot Asphalt
      • Fumes
    • Application Issues of “Cold Systems”
      • Wrinkling
      • Mole Runs
    • Lack of Elongation
    • Weight
    • Number of Seams
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  • Modified Bitumen Roof Membranes
    • Are made of two distinct polymer configurations
      • APP = Torch
      • SBS = Typically hot mopped
    • Waterproofing layer is manufactured in a controlled environment
  • SBS Polymer Modified Asphalt
    • SBS
      • Styrene-Butadiene-Styrene (rubber)
      • Traditionally known as “Hot Mopped”
      • Now also cold applied, torched and self adhered
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  • Kansas City International Airport 500,000 sf SBS Premium FR Modified Bitumen Membrane
  • APP Modified Bitumen
    • APP
      • Atactic Polypropylene Polymer (plastic)
      • “ Torch Applied”
      • Now also cold applied and self adhesive but never hot mopped
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  • George Bush Intercontinental Airport
  • Cold Adhesive
  • Finished 1,000 Square Two Ply Manual Cold Applied MB Roof
  • Hybrid Roofing
        • Asphalt
    Membranes: Metal Deck Cover Board Fasteners Ply Felts MB Cap Sheet Insulation
  • Section 1507.12 – Thermoset Single-ply
      • THERMOSET
        • EPDM
      • THERMOPLASTIC
        • TPO
        • PVC and PVC Blends
    Single Ply Membranes
  • EPDM
  • EPDM
    • Longest track record of any single ply membrane
    • Excellent Physical Properties
      • Long term weathering
      • Resistance to U.V.
      • Elongation
      • Tear Strength
    • Economical
      • Lower labor input
    • Easy to repair / maintain
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    • BALLASTED
      • AGGREGATE, PAVERS, or INSULATED PAVERS
    • FULLY ADHERED
      • SOLVENT or WATER BASED CONTACT ADHESIVES
      • URETHANE ADHESIVE
    • MECHANICALLY ATTACHED
    EPDM ROOFING SYSTEMS
  • In-Seam Mechanically Attached Metal Or Polymer Batten Embedded In Field Seam MEMBRANE Insulation Deck Seaming Tape
  • In The Seam Mechanically Attached Systems
        • EPDM
        • PVC
        • TPO
    Membranes: Metal Deck Insulation Fasteners Seam Membrane Batten Bar
  • Ameristar / Station Casino - KC, Mo. Mechanically Attached EPDM
  • MECHANICALLY FASTENED EPDM
  • Mechanically Attached Single Ply
    • Light Weight
    • Cost Effective (Low Labor Input)
    • Wide Range of membrane types colors and thicknesses
    • Better Application Window (Weather)
    • Less Fumes
  • Mechanically Attached Single Ply
    • Seam attachment can result in billowing
      • Need to use 8’ wide sheets maximum
      • Air Barrier can minimize bellowing
    • Metal Deck type impacts FM ratings
  • Adhered Systems Membrane Insulation Deck Deck Insulation Insulation Plates & Fasteners Adhesive Adhesive
  • Adhered Systems – Single Ply
    • Design Flexibility - Adapts easily to unusual roof profiles or slopes (single-ply only)
    • Excellent for high wind conditions
    • Simple, time-proven application method provides high dependability
    • Factory Mutual Approval available
        • EPDM
        • TPO
        • PVC
    Membranes: Metal Deck Insulation Fasteners Membrane Adhesive
  • Kemper Arena, KC, Mo Fully Adhered EPDM
  • Adhered Single Ply
    • Long term performance
    • Membranes up to 90 mils thick
    • Warranties up to 30 Years
    • Very High Wind Ratings (FM)
    • Easily maintained and repaired
    • Available in a wide range of membrane type, thickness and color
    • Excellent for irregular substrates, high slope, etc
  • Ballasted System INSULATION DECK Wide panel sizes with EPDM provide fast and efficient coverage of large roof areas STONE BALLAST/ PAVERS MEMBRANE
  • Ballasted System
    • STONE SURFACING
    • PAVERS
    • PRE-CAST STRUCTURAL CONCRETE SLABS
    • LIGHT WEIGHT INTERLOCKING
    • INSULATING CEMENT FACED (IRMA)
    Weight and size of ballast are used to resist wind forces
  • Ballasted Single Ply
    • Economical
    • Uses large sheets (fewer seams)
    • No roof deck penetration
  • Ballasted Single Ply
    • Heavy
    • Difficult to find leaks
    • Not good for high traffic areas
    • Environmental Impact
  • Ballasted System Simple, economical design provides proven performance Stone ballast provides economical UL Class A Fire Rating Design Flexibility - Compatible with most insulation
        • EPDM
        • TPO
        • PVC
    Membranes: Metal Deck Insulation Membrane Pavers/Ballast
  • STONE BALLAST /10-13 PSF BALLAST SHOULD BE CLEAN, ROUND AND FREE OF SHARP EDGES . NOTE THE WALKWAYS IN THE LOWER RIGHT CORNERS. STONE IS DIFFICULT TO WALK ON.
  • IRMA ROOF (Inverted Roof Membrane Assembly)
  • Best Buy- Overland Park, Kansas Ballasted EPDM
  • Section 1507.13 – Thermoplastic single-ply
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  • TPO
    • White
      • Also available in Tan or Grey
    • Energy Star compliant
    • LEED Compliant
    • Economical
    • Low labor input
  • TPO
    • TPO Membrane developing long-term track record.
    • 10-15 Years maximum field experience
    • Many manufacturers and formulations
  • Thermo-Plastic Polyolefin
    • Fully Adhered
      • 17% of the Market
    • Mechanically Attached
      • 82% of the Market
    • Ballasted
      • < 1 % of the Market
    TPO Roofing Systems
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  • It’s in the Details
  • Section 1507.14 – Sprayed polyurethane foam
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  • Section 1507.15 – Liquid applied
  • Section 1507.16 – Roof gardens and landscaped
    • 1607.11.3 Landscaped roofs. Where roofs are to be landscaped, the uniform design live load in the landscaped area shall be 20 psf. The weight of the landscaping materials shall be considered as dead load and shall be computed on the basis of saturation of the soil.
  • California Title 24
    • Mandatory Requirements for Cool Roofs. . . . a cool roof shall be certified and labelled . . .
    • Any roofing product with an initial thermal emittance greater than or equal to 0.75 and shall have a minimum initial solar reflectance of 0.70 when tested in accordance with CRRC.
  • 1508 Roof Insulation
    • The use of above-deck thermal insulation shall be permitted provided such insulation is covered with an approved roof covering and passes the tests of FM 4450 or UL 1256 when tested as an assembly.
    • Exception: Foam plastic roof insulation shall conform to the material and installation requirements of Chapter 26.
    • Exception: On concrete deck.
  • Chapter 26 Foam Plastic Insulation
    • Label of an approved agency
    • Manufacturer’s name and product listing
    • Product identification information sufficient to determine that the end use will comply with the code requirements
  • Chapter 26 Foam Plastic Insulation
    • Flame Spread and Smoke Development
    • Not required if part of a Class A, B, or C roof covering assembly, provided the assembly . . . satisfactorily passes FM 4450 or UL 1256.
  • 1508.1.1 Cellulosic Fiberboard
    • Cellulosic Fiberboard roof insulation shall conform to the material and installation requirements of Chapter 23.
  • 1510 Reroofing
  • 1510.1 General
    • Materials and methods of application used for recovering or replacing an existing roof covering shall comply with the requirements of Chapter 15.
    • Exception: Reroofing shall not be required to meet the minimum design slope requirement of 1/4 unit vertical in 12 units horizontal in Section 1507 for roofs that provide positive roof drainage.
  • 1510.2 Structural & Constr. Loads
    • The structural roof components shall be capable of supporting the roof covering system and the material and equipment loads that will be encountered during installation of the system.
  • 1510.3 Recover vs. Replacement
    • New roof coverings shall not be installed without first removing all existing layers of roof coverings where any of the following conditions occur:
    • Where the existing roof or roof covering is water soaked or has deteriorated to the point that the existing roof or roof covering is not adequate as a base for additional roofing.
    • Where the existing roof covering is wood shake, slate, clay, cement or asbestos-cement tile.
    • Where the existing roof has two or more applications of any type of roof covering.
  • 1510.3 Recover vs. Replacement
    • Exceptions:
    • Complete and separate roofing systems, such as standing-seam metal roof systems, that are designed to transmit the roof loads directly to the building’s structural system and that do not rely on existing roofs and roof coverings for support, shall not require the removal of existing roof coverings.
    • Metal panel, metal shingle, and concrete and clay tile roof coverings shall be permitted to be installed over existing wood shake roofs when applied in accordance with Section 1510.4
    • New coating over existing SPF system.
  • Section 1509 – Rooftop Structures
    • 1509.1 – General – The provisions of this section shall govern the construction of rooftop structures.
    • 1509.2 – Penthouses
    • 1509.3 – Tanks
  • Section 1509 – Rooftop Structures
    • 1509.4 – Cooling Towers
    • 1509.5 – Towers, Spires, Domes & Cupolas
  • Section 1509.2 - Penthouses
    • Penthouses in other than Type I construction shall not exceed 28 feet above roof when used as an enclosure for tanks or elevators that run to the roof.
    • Penthouses shall not extend more than 18 feet above the roof otherwise.
    • Penthouses shall not be used for purposes other than to shelter mechanical equipment or vertical shaft openings in the roof.
  • Section 1509.3 - Tanks
    • Tanks having a capacity of more than 500 gallons placed in or on a building shall be supported on masonry, reinforced concrete, steel or Type IV construction provided that, where such supports are located in the building above the lowest story, the support shall be fire-resistance rated as required for Type IA construction.
  • Water Tanks
  • Section 1509.3.1 – Valve
    • Tanks shall have in the bottom or on the side near the bottom, a pipe or outlet, fitted with a suitable quick opening valve for discharging the contents in an emergency through an adequate drain.
  • Section 1509.3.2 - Location
    • Tanks shall not be placed over or near a line of stairs or an elevator shaft, unless there is a solid roof or floor underneath the tank
  • Section 1509.3.2 - Tank cover
    • Unenclosed roof tanks shall have covers sloping toward the outer edge.
  • Section 1509.4 – Cooling Towers
    • Cooling towers in excess of 250 square feet in base area or in excess of 15 feet high where located on buildings more than 50 feet high shall be of non-combustible construction.
    • Cooling towers shall not exceed one-third of the supporting roof area.
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  • Section 1509.5 – Towers, spires, domes, and cupolas
    • Any tower, spire, dome, or cupola shall be of a type of construction not less in fire-resistance rating than required for the building to which it is attached.
    • Height restrictions apply. See the IBC for details.
  • More Information
    • International Conference Of Building Officials
    • 816-455-3330
    • 2900 NE 60th St, Ste 206
    • Kansas City, MO 64119
  • More Information
    • 913-735-4772