Yorkshire Dales Rivers Trust

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  • What do macro-invertebrates respond to...point out that there is a differential response within the community to stress offering the opportunity to assess ecosystem health based on the relative abundance of different taxa. The presence of stoneflies shows that the ecosystem is in good condition (with the exception of nemouridae) moving towards chironimdae worms (midge fly larvae) and Oligochaete worms (a subclass of the earthworm class – very easy to indentify). These thrive in low oxygen water and tolerate high pollution levels.

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  • 1. David Higgins Project Manager http://www.yorkshiredalesriverstrust.com/http://yorkshiredalesriverstrust.blogspot.com/
  • 2. Raydale Project and CSF Outputs • 20 whole farm audits • 21 Nutrient Management Rivers Trust 1. Yorkshire Dales Plans • 17 Soil Muck and Patterns 2. Changing Slurry reports • 10 Infrastructure reports • 3. Monitoring Rivers Assistance with FEPs and NE applications 4. Water Framework Directive Events • 5. River Restoration and use Manure and slurry storage • Bassenthwaite Visit projects 6. Restoration • UELS/HLS farm walk • Slurry demonstration • Sheep dip training
  • 3. Raydale Project and CSF Outputs • 20 whole farm audits • 21 Nutrient Management Plans • 17 Soil Muck and Slurry reports • 10 Infrastructure reports • 1. Yorkshire Dales Rivers Trust Assistance with FEPs and NE applications Events • Manure and slurry storage and use • Bassenthwaite Visit • UELS/HLS farm walk • Slurry demonstration • Sheep dip training
  • 4. Raydale Project and CSF Outputs • 20The Yorkshire Dales Rivers Trust whole farm audits • 21 Nutrient Management Plans 2004 Registered Charity in • 17 Soil Muck and Slurry reports‘to provide a concerted and holistic approach to the • 10 Infrastructure reports protection and enhancementNE the catchments of • Assistance with FEPs and of applications the Swale, Ure, Nidd and Wharfe.’ Events • Manure and slurry storage and useFounding principles: • Bassenthwaite Visit • UELS/HLS farm walk •Work will be based on science • Slurry demonstration •Work will training the uplands • Sheep dip begin in
  • 5. Raydale Project and CSF Outputs • 20 whole farm audits • 21 Nutrient Management Plans • 17 Soil Muck and Slurry reports • 10 Infrastructure reports • Assistance Changing Patterns 2. with FEPs and NE applications Events • Manure and slurry storage and use • Bassenthwaite Visit • UELS/HLS farm walk • Slurry demonstration • Sheep dip training
  • 6. Living in a changing climate Askrigg
  • 7. Snaizeholme, spring 5 percentile flowSnaizeholme, spring 5 percentile flow Snaizeholme, summer 5 percentile flow Snaizeholme, autumn 5 percentile Snaizeholme, winter 5 percentile flow flow
  • 8. Raydale Project and CSF Outputs • 20 whole farm audits • 21 Nutrient Management Plans • 17 Soil Muck and Slurry reports • 10 Infrastructure reports • Assistance Monitoring Rivers 3. with FEPs and NE applications Events • Manure and slurry storage and use • Bassenthwaite Visit • UELS/HLS farm walk • Slurry demonstration • Sheep dip training
  • 9. The SCIMAP approach to identifying soil erosionhttp://www.scimap.org.uk/
  • 10. Diffuse pollution sources that are connected to a watercourse
  • 11. Fine sediment in rivers: 1.Degrades habitat 2.Carries phosphates into rivers 3.Has a cost to water companies (which means everyone...) and it’s a loss of the major farm resource
  • 12. Restoration can include simple measures such as woodland creation and buffer stripsSCIMAP assists withidentifying the mostefficient locationsfor restoration. Woodland creation Buffer strip
  • 13. Kick Sampling• Standard and representative 3 minute kick sample• On fast flowing, shallow, riffle habitat• Sample all micro-habitats proportionally• 1 minute stone search• Bankside sorting and counting of taxa
  • 14. Macro-invertebrates respond to environmental stress • Oxygen depletion • Direct toxicity • Loss of microhabitat • Siltation of habitat • Food availability changes • Competition from other species
  • 15. Electrofishing
  • 16. Raydale Project and CSF Outputs • 20 whole farm audits • 21 Nutrient Management Plans • 17 Soil Muck and Slurry reports • 10 Infrastructure reports • 4. Water Framework Directive Assistance with FEPs and NE applications Events • Manure and slurry storage and use • Bassenthwaite Visit • UELS/HLS farm walk • Slurry demonstration • Sheep dip training
  • 17. The EU Water Framework Directive 2000Legislation that covers all of the EU member states and: 1. surface freshwater (including lakes, streams and rivers) 2. groundwaters 3. groundwater dependent ecosystems 4. estuaries 5. coastal waters out to one mile from low-water. Aim is to achieve ‘Good Ecological Status ‘by: - 2015 where possible or On six year cycles; 2021, 2027
  • 18. EU WFD 2000 Definitions‘High Ecological Status’ is defined as, ‘the biological, chemical and morphologicalconditions associated with no or very low human pressure.’‘Good Ecological Status’ means ‘slight’deviation from HES, ‘moderate status’means ‘moderate’ deviation, and so on.
  • 19. What can prevent a river reaching Good Ecological Status? • Road runoff • Waste Water Treatment Works • Septic tanks • Logging activity • Industrial pollutants EA are exploring all these issues • Invasive non-native species • Barriers to migration • Pesticides Focus of YDRT projects • Nutrients • Fine sediments
  • 20. Raydale Project and CSF Outputs • 20 whole farm audits • 21 Nutrient Management Plans • 17 Soil Muck and Slurry reports • 10 Infrastructure reports • Assistance River Restoration 5. with FEPs and NE applications Events • Manure and slurry storage and use • Bassenthwaite Visit • UELS/HLS farm walk • Slurry demonstration • Sheep dip training
  • 21. Raydale Project and CSF Outputs • 20 whole farm audits • 21 Nutrient Management Plans • 17 Soil Muck and Slurry reports • 10 Infrastructure reports • Assistance Restoration NE applications 6. with FEPs and projects Events • Manure and slurry storage and use • Bassenthwaite Visit • UELS/HLS farm walk • Slurry demonstration • Sheep dip training
  • 22. Present and future workYDRT … have catchment-scale projects in: 1. Coverdale 2. Upper Wharfedale 3. Darley Beck 4. Raydale… are involved in two catchment sensitive farmingpartnerships 1. Raydale 2. Nidderdale… have funds for two new catchment-scale projects 1. Bishopdale 2. Ripon MOP/River Laver
  • 23. Catchment-ScaleRestoration of Rivers Raydale in conjunction with YDNPA Farm Conservation Team
  • 24. Soil erosion
  • 25. Infrastructure
  • 26. Raydale Project and CSF Project achievements on the groundSemerwater (Raydale) Improvements Area or length Raydale Project funded capital works:River fencing 1903.36mWood pasture 1.3 haWet woodland 0.16 haWoodland restoration 0.51 haLinear woodland 0.72 ha ELS/UELS agreement options:6m buffer strips 24912.47mWinter livestock removal 4.4 haVery low input grassland 12.98 haLow input grassland 27.00 haTraditional hay meadow 26.051 haGill planting 7.64 haGill woodland restoration 24.18 haPeat restoration 380.7 ha
  • 27. Willow SpilingYDNPA Rangers and Volunteers
  • 28. Key partners so far……and numerous anglers, farmers and landowners.