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Geoff garrett

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Woodland Creation: Geoff Garrett, Yorkshire Dales National Park Authority

Woodland Creation: Geoff Garrett, Yorkshire Dales National Park Authority

Published in: Business, Technology

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  • * 07/16/96 * ## Good morning everyone. I’m Geoff Garrett and I’m talking about planting woodland in the Park
  • * 07/16/96 * ##
  • * 07/16/96 * ##
  • * 07/16/96 * ## These are what you might call the main trees within the dales.
  • * 07/16/96 * ## Who knows what this one is? Ash tree Lime loving and loves the steep hill sides that we have. Ash leaf sap is used as an antidote to snake bites. Also in the North of England it is regarded as a protector from evil and good luck charm. Askrigg translates into Ash Ridge.
  • * 07/16/96 * ##
  • * 07/16/96 * ## Rowan
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  • * 07/16/96 * ##
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  • * 07/16/96 * ##
  • * 07/16/96 * ## Who knows what this one is? Ash tree Lime loving and loves the steep hill sides that we have. Ash leaf sap is used as an antidote to snake bites. Also in the North of England it is regarded as a protector from evil and good luck charm. Askrigg translates into Ash Ridge.
  • * 07/16/96 * ##
  • * 07/16/96 * ## Rowan
  • * 07/16/96 * ##
  • * 07/16/96 * ##
  • * 07/16/96 * ##
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  • * 07/16/96 * ## The importance is not with the individual trees, although very old trees are very important. The continuous tree cover provides a stable environment for plants to grow. Herb Paris – doesn’t spread well at all, must have a wooded environment. Indicates that the wood has been present for a very long time.
  • * 07/16/96 * ## In context Hay meadows – 1.6% Limestone Pavements – 0.8%
  • * 07/16/96 * ## Very old habitats It is likely that some sort of woodland work has taken place in them in the past. Woodlands sustained our day to day lives and to some extent still do. They have been in place for ages. Subsequently they are the jewel in the woodland crown.
  • * 07/16/96 * ##
  • * 07/16/96 * ##
  • * 07/16/96 * ## Shows all the planting between 1995 and 2008
  • * 07/16/96 * ## Areas of low tree cover.
  • * 07/16/96 * ## Higher tree cover where plantations start to appear
  • * 07/16/96 * ## Plantations are a problem to deal with. Straight edges Single species Poor in the landscape. New planting could help to improve these.
  • * 07/16/96 * ## Classic Dales Woodlands
  • * 07/16/96 * ##
  • * 07/16/96 * ##
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  • * 07/16/96 * ##
  • Transcript

    • 1. Woodland Creation in theYorkshire Dales National Park.
    • 2. Tie a yellow ribbon What types of woodlands do we plant in the National Park? What type of woodland do we have in the National Park?
    • 3. Tie a yellow ribbon What types of trees are found in the National Park?
    • 4. Used as a punishment Large trees Common Alder Ash Elm Wild Cherry Small leaved lime Pendunculate Oak Sessile Oak Crack Willow White Willow
    • 5. Small trees Downy birch Silver birch Bird Cherry Crab Apple Field Maple Holly Rowan Whitebeam Goat Willow Hazel
    • 6. Light green colour
    • 7. Shrubs Blackthorn, Broom, Dogwood, Elder, Gorse, Guelder Rose Hawthorn, Honeysuckle Osier, Wild privet Grey Willow, Purple willow Juniper
    • 8. A nutty girl Non native trees that are important Sycamore Beech Sitka Spruce Larch Scots Pine Endless list of exotic species
    • 9. These species make up the majority of the tree cover within the Dales.
    • 10. Where do you find these trees and how are they grouped together?
    • 11. Ancient Semi Natural WoodlandThere are 25 categorised woodland communities (NVC) in the UK. 18 are found in the Dales along with the majority of sub communities. 7 are absent (2 are confined to Scotland, 2 are lowland willow carr, 3 are scrub communities)
    • 12. Upland mixed (ash) woodland Ash Downy birch Bird cherry Rowan Hazel Sessile oak Hawthorn Wych elm Elder Alder Grey sallow Holly aspenAvoid an ash, for it courts a flash
    • 13. Wet Woodland Alder Ash Downy birch Oak Rowan Holly Willow Hazel hawthorn
    • 14. Light green colour
    • 15. Upland oak woodland Sessile oak Downy birch Rowan Holly Aspen Hazel Hawthorn juniper“Nibble a hawthorn leaf to stop your tummy rumbling”
    • 16. Scrub JuniperDowny birch Rowan(scots pine)
    • 17. A nutty girl Two species that have had an impact on new woodland planting. Black Grouse Red Squirrel Amend the existing planting mix to benefit these species.
    • 18. Many different plants and animals are associated with these three types of woodland.The most important woodland type thatwe have is the upland ash woodlandNationally recognised as importantfor the assemblage of plantsassociated with the woodland
    • 19. Total woodland cover• ASNW – 0.84%• PAWS sites – 0.23%• Other types of broadleaved woodland – 1.06%• Conifer plantations – 1.94%
    • 20. At the seaside How much Ancient Semi NaturalWoodland have we got in the YDNP? Not a lot 0.84% or 1480ha Hay Meadows – 1.6% Limestone pavements – 0.8%
    • 21. Ancient Semi natural woodland• Our oldest woodlands• Been modified in the past• Strong historical link to the landscape• Immensely important, being a direct descendant from the once extensive and complex post- glacial woodland
    • 22. WOODLAND CREATION
    • 23. After the fire Progress so far• 1995 – 2006 = 660ha• 2006 – 2008 = approx 166ha• 2009/10 = 127ha• Total planted to date = 953ha 2065 acres 2000 good sized football pitches 8.26 sq km 3.2 sq miles• Present target = 100ha/yr until 2020
    • 24. Where have we been planting these trees? Hawthorn leaves make a refreshing tea.
    • 25. • Where will we be planting new woodlands in the future?“Alder flowers dye clothes green” – Robin Hood’s house keeping tip to Maid Marion
    • 26. Existing special qualitiesWhat needs to be taken into consideration when planting a new woodland. • Archaeology • Landscape (Woodland Design Guide) • Access • Nature conservation value.
    • 27. Forest Habitat Networks Linking The Dales’ WoodlandsDruids use hazel to invoke invisibility
    • 28. Forest Habitat Network
    • 29. Aim:• To identify areas which if planted with an appropriate New Native Woodland would provide significant woodland conservation benefits. Rowan berries have been ground and used instead of flour
    • 30. What is a habitat network?• “A habitat network is a configuration of habitat that allows species to move and disperse through a landscape. Networks can be produced for a particular type of habitat. For example, a forest habitat network focuses on how woodland species utilise woodland habitat and disperse through this and other habitat types in the wider landscape.” (Forestry Commission, 2007)
    • 31. The result is:• Increased connectivity;• Less fragmentation;• More continuous woodland cover;• Improved corridors for the movement of species;• More robust and sustainable habitats;• Lower risk of species extinctions.
    • 32. Priorities• Filling in gaps to join pockets of woodland;• Increasing the width of narrow bands of woodland;• Increasing the overall area of woodlands;• Planting on sites that were wooded historically but no longer retain tree cover.
    • 33. • Also need to consider what might eat new trees.• Deer, Sheep, rabbits, voles all destroy woodlands• Hence the use of plastic tree shelters
    • 34. • Plastic tree shelters are many and varied• Want protection for the tree but• Not so that it grows so well that it bends over when it grows too tallCurrent favoured guard is A***n shelter guard. Biodegradable. Tree Environment
    • 35. Where does the money come fromfor planting new woodlands? •National Park Authority •Forestry Commission •Yorkshire Dales Millennium Trust •Agri-environment Schemes •Woodland Trust •Land owner