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Stem changing verbs

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  • 1. STEM-CHANGING SHOE VERBS
  • 2.  There are 3 types of stem-changing verbs: EIE O  UE EI These verbs are called stem-changing because the vowel in the stem changes.  querer (eie) / dormir (oue) / pedir (ei) These verbs are called shoe verbs because the forms that change YO, TÚ, UD, ÉL, ELLA, UDS, ELLOS, ELLAS fit inside a shoe-shaped graphic.  (The forms that do not change NOSOTROS/VOSOTROS are outside of the shoe. )
  • 3. Notice that NOSOTROS &VOSOTROS are outside of theshoe! STEM CHANGING SHOE VERBS NOSOTROS YO TÚ VOSOTROS USTED USTEDES Él ELLOS ELLA ELLAS
  • 4. WHICH VERBS STEM-CHANGE? Stem changing verbs can be -ar -er, or -ir verbs – their endings are regular when conjugated! There is no way to tell if a verb is a stem- changer. You have to memorize which verbs change. The infinitive will normally have the change in parentheses after the verb. Ex. querer (ie) Note: Jugar changes UUE (normally categorized with OUE verbs)
  • 5. CONJUGATING STEM-CHANGING VERBS #1 find the stem #2 find the vowel E or O or U in the stem #3 change the vowel to the stem change  (eie, ei, oue) #4 add the appropriate conjugation endings
  • 6. EIE VERBS -ER verbs Querer = to want -AR verbs Tener *= to haveCerrar = to close Perder = to loseComenzar = to begin Entender = to understandEmpezar = to startNevar = to snow -IR verbsMerendar = to have a snack Preferir = to preferPensar = to think Venir* = to comeRecomendar = to Hervir = to boilrecommend Sentir = to feelRegar = to water Mentir= to lie
  • 7. CERRAR (EIE) = TO CLOSE #1 - find the stem (drop the –AR) CERRAR  CERR- #2 - find the vowel in the stem  CERR #3 - change the vowel to the stem change CERR  CIERR #4 – add the appropriate endings for –AR verbs Yo cierro Nosotros cerramos Tú cierras Vosotros cerráis Ud Uds Él cierra Ellos cierran Ella Ellas
  • 8. QUERER (EIE) = TO WANT #1 - find the stem (drop the –ER QUERER  QUER- #2 - find the vowel in the stem  QUER- #3 - change the vowel to the stem change QUER-  QUIER- #4 – add the appropriate endings for –ER verbs Yo quiero Nosotros queremos Tú quieres Vosotros queréis Ud Uds Él quiere Ellos quieren Ella Ellas
  • 9. PREFERIR(EIE) - TO PREFER #1 - find the stem (drop the –IR ) PREFERIR  PREFER- #2 - find the vowel in the stem  PREFER- #3 - change the vowel to the stem change PREFER-  PREFIER- #4 – add the appropriate endings for –IR verbs Yo prefiero Nosotros preferimos Tú prefieres Vosotros preferís Ud Uds Él prefiere Ellos prefieren Ella Ellas
  • 10. I. WRITE THE CORRECT FORM OF EACH VERB. 1. Yo (pensar) Write these in 2. Tú (preferir) your notebook 3. Él (perder) – ask for help 4. Ud. (querer) if needed! 5. Ella (venir) 6. Nosotros (merendar) Special note: 7. Vosotros (tener) NEVAR is only 8. Uds. (mentir) used in the Él 9. Ellos (empezar) form – It’s snowing = NIEVA 10. Ellas (entender)
  • 11. OUE VERBS -AR verbs -ER verbsAlmorzar = to eat lunch Devolver = to give backContar = to count (return)Costar = to cost Volver = to go back (return)Encontrar = to find Llover = to rainProbar = to try/ to taste Mover = to moveMostrar = to show Remover = to removeRecordar = to rememberVolar = to fly -IR verbsSoñar = to dream Dormir = to sleep**jugar = to play (UUE) Morir = to die These verbs follow the same pattern as the EIE verbs
  • 12. DORMIR(OUE) - TO SLEEP #1 - find the stem (drop the –IR ) DORMIR  DORM- #2 - find the vowel in the stem  DORM- #3 - change the vowel to the stem change DORM-  DUERM- #4 – add the appropriate endings for –IR verbs Yo duermo Nosotros dormimos Tú duermes Vosotros dormís Ud Uds Él duerme Ellos duermen Ella Ellas
  • 13. *JUGAR (UUE) = TO PLAY #1 - find the stem (drop the –AR) Jugar is a JUGAR  JUG- UUE verb! #2 - find the vowel in the stem  JUG- #3 - change the vowel to the stem change JUG-  JUEG- #4 – add the appropriate endings for –AR verbs Yo juego Nosotros jugamos Tú juegas Vosotros jugáis Ud Uds. Él juega Ellos juegan Ella Ellas
  • 14. II. WRITE THE CORRECT FORM OF EACH VERB. 1. Yo (dormir) Write these in your notebook 2. Tú (contar) – ask for help 3. Él (morir) if needed! 4. Ud. (mover) 5. Ella (almorzar) 6. Nosotros (probar) Special note: 7. Vosotros (volver) LLOVER is only 8. Uds. (recordar) used in the Él 9. Ellos (devolver) form – It’s raining = LLUEVE 10. Ellas (mostrar)
  • 15. EI VERBSServir = to serve All EI verbsRepetir = to repeatPedir = to ask for end with –IR!Competir = tocompeteVestir = to dress * Some verbs haveDecir* = to say/tell irregularities:Seguir* = to follow •Decir = yo digoFreír * = to fry •Seguir = yo sigoReír * = to laugh •Freír, reír, sonreír = add accentSonreír * = to smile on the “i” in all forms (río, ríes, ríe, reímos, reís, ríen)
  • 16. REPETIR (EI) - TO REPEAT #1 - find the stem (drop the –IR ) REPETIR  REPET- #2 - find the vowel in the stem  REPET- #3 - change the vowel to the stem change REPET-  REPIT- #4 – add the appropriate endings for –IR verbs Yo repito Nosotros repetimos Tú repites Vosotros repetís Ud Uds Él repite Ellos repiten Ella Ellas
  • 17. III. WRITE THE CORRECT FORM OF EACH VERB. 1. Yo (repetir) Write these in 2. Tú (servir) your notebook 3. Él (decir) – ask for help 4. Ud. (pedir) if needed! 5. Ella (reír) 6. Nosotros (vestir) 7. Vosotros (freír) 8. Uds. (competir) 9. Ellos (sonreír) 10. Ellas (seguir)
  • 18. ¡EL FIN! You may submit this assignment by typing CUADERNO in the dropbox and showing me your notebook. You may also type your answers for activites I-III in the dropbo