Showing Possession InSpanish there are NO apostrophes! You cannot say, for example, Jorge’s dog (using an apostrophe s)
Showing Posession You must say, “The dog of Jorge” In Spanish, “El perro de Jorge”
Object + DE + Owner Thisconcept of showing possession is using the formula: object + DE + owner For example: El perro de Jorge
Object + De + owner Tengo el cuaderno de Felipe. (I have Felipe’s notebook) La hermana de Maria es amable. (Maria’s sister is nice.) Don’t forget – DE + EL = DEL The boy’s mom = la madre DEL chico
You try it!Práctica A: Translate these to Spanish.Ex. the girl’s cat = the cat of the girl = El gato de la chica1. The boy’s dog2. The uncle’s wife3. The cousin’s parents4. Roberto’s grandparents5. Juana’s aunt
Possessive Adjectives Adjectives DESCRIBE nouns, correct? Well, they can also show possession.
Possessive Adjectives Here are the possessive adjectives in English: my our your his / her their its
Posessive Adjectives For example: “my dog, your house, his notebook, etc.” We don’t have to keep repeating the person over and over!
Make a GRAMMAR CARD for these! (lined side) Posessive Adjectives singular pluralmi / mis (my) nuestro a, os, as (our)tu / tus (your) vuestro, a, os, as (your informal)su / sus (his,her) su / sus (their) or (your formal) or (your formal)Note: TU does NOT have an accent mark!
Put these notes on the front of the GRAMMAR card. Possessive Adjectives Must agree with the OBJECT. OBJECT is singular, possessive adjective is singular. OBJECT is plural, possessive adjective is plural. Do NOT use the articles with the noun: (el, la, los, las, un, una, unos, unas)
Possessive Adjectives Some examples: mi hermano mis hermanos tu abuela tus abuelas su hijo sus hijos nuestro tío nuestros tíos nuestra tía nuestras tías Notice how there are no articles!
Posessive Adjectives Mi prima es alta. Prima is singular, so MI is too! Todas mis primas son altas. Primas is plural, so MIS is plural also. Notice, no ARTICLES!!
You try it!Práctica B: Complete with the correct possessive adjective.1. (my) tíos2. (our) abuelos3. (his) primas4. (their) madre5. (your-informal) esposo6. (her) sobrino7. (my) hija8. (our) nieta
Posessive Adjectives are great to use when answering questions to eliminate the LONG possessive construction. ¿Son rubios los hermanos de Rafael? (Are Rafael’s brothers blond?) No, sus hermanos son pelirrojos. (No, his brothers are red-headed.) Whose “hermanos”? Rafael’s = HIS (so SUS means his)
SU and SUS Since su and sus can have many meanings, use the long possessive form: (or prepositional phrase) OBJECT + de + OWNERinstead for clarity or emphasis.
Example: Sus pantalones son elegantes. Whose pants? His? Hers? Yours? Theirs? To clarify, use the long possessive form: Los pantalones de Rosa son elegantes. In this case, SUS pantalones = her pants
More examples: His mother is a doctor. Su madre es médica. La madre de él es médica. (note: don’t combine DE + ÉL because of the accent mark!) Their children are daring. Sus hijos son atrevidos. Los hijos de ellos son atrevidos.
Práctica C: You try it! Write the sentences in Spanish using the possessive adjective and then using the long possessive form. You will write 2 sentences for each!Example: Your (Ud.) brothers are tall.Sus hermanos son altos. / Los hermanos de Ud. Son altos.1. Her cousins are friendly.2. Your (Uds.) uncle is a fireman.3. Their father is bald.4. His sister is generous.