Possessive adjectives

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  • 1. Adjetivos posesivosPossessive Adjectives
  • 2. Showing Possession InSpanish there are NO apostrophes! You cannot say, for example, Jorge’s dog (using an apostrophe s)
  • 3. Showing Posession You must say, “The dog of Jorge” In Spanish, “El perro de Jorge”
  • 4. Object + DE + Owner Thisconcept of showing possession is using the formula: object + DE + owner For example: El perro de Jorge
  • 5. Object + De + owner Tengo el cuaderno de Felipe.  (I have Felipe’s notebook) La hermana de Maria es amable.  (Maria’s sister is nice.) Don’t forget – DE + EL = DEL The boy’s mom = la madre DEL chico
  • 6. You try it!Práctica A: Translate these to Spanish.Ex. the girl’s cat = the cat of the girl = El gato de la chica1. The boy’s dog2. The uncle’s wife3. The cousin’s parents4. Roberto’s grandparents5. Juana’s aunt
  • 7. Possessive Adjectives Adjectives DESCRIBE nouns, correct? Well, they can also show possession.
  • 8. Possessive Adjectives Here are the possessive adjectives in English: my our your his / her their its
  • 9. Posessive Adjectives For example: “my dog, your house, his notebook, etc.” We don’t have to keep repeating the person over and over!
  • 10. Make a GRAMMAR CARD for these! (lined side) Posessive Adjectives singular pluralmi / mis (my) nuestro a, os, as (our)tu / tus (your) vuestro, a, os, as (your informal)su / sus (his,her) su / sus (their) or (your formal) or (your formal)Note: TU does NOT have an accent mark!
  • 11. Put these notes on the front of the GRAMMAR card. Possessive Adjectives Must agree with the OBJECT.  OBJECT is singular, possessive adjective is singular.  OBJECT is plural, possessive adjective is plural. Do NOT use the articles with the noun:  (el, la, los, las, un, una, unos, unas)
  • 12. Possessive Adjectives Some examples: mi hermano mis hermanos tu abuela tus abuelas su hijo sus hijos nuestro tío nuestros tíos nuestra tía nuestras tías Notice how there are no articles!
  • 13. Posessive Adjectives Mi prima es alta. Prima is singular, so MI is too! Todas mis primas son altas. Primas is plural, so MIS is plural also. Notice, no ARTICLES!!
  • 14. You try it!Práctica B: Complete with the correct possessive adjective.1. (my) tíos2. (our) abuelos3. (his) primas4. (their) madre5. (your-informal) esposo6. (her) sobrino7. (my) hija8. (our) nieta
  • 15. Posessive Adjectives are great to use when answering questions to eliminate the LONG possessive construction. ¿Son rubios los hermanos de Rafael? (Are Rafael’s brothers blond?) No, sus hermanos son pelirrojos. (No, his brothers are red-headed.) Whose “hermanos”?  Rafael’s = HIS (so SUS means his)
  • 16. SU and SUS Since su and sus can have many meanings, use the long possessive form: (or prepositional phrase) OBJECT + de + OWNERinstead for clarity or emphasis.
  • 17. Example: Sus pantalones son elegantes. Whose pants? His? Hers? Yours? Theirs? To clarify, use the long possessive form: Los pantalones de Rosa son elegantes. In this case, SUS pantalones = her pants
  • 18. More examples: His mother is a doctor.  Su madre es médica.  La madre de él es médica. (note: don’t combine DE + ÉL because of the accent mark!) Their children are daring.  Sus hijos son atrevidos.  Los hijos de ellos son atrevidos.
  • 19. Práctica C: You try it! Write the sentences in Spanish using the possessive adjective and then using the long possessive form. You will write 2 sentences for each!Example: Your (Ud.) brothers are tall.Sus hermanos son altos. / Los hermanos de Ud. Son altos.1. Her cousins are friendly.2. Your (Uds.) uncle is a fireman.3. Their father is bald.4. His sister is generous.