ESTAR - TO BEYo – ESTOY I am Nosotros – ESTAMOS We areTú – ESTÁS You are Vosotros – ESTÁIS Y’all areÉl He is Ellos They(m) areElla – ESTÁ She is Ellas – ESTÁN They(f) areUd. You are Uds. You all are Estar is an IRREGULAR verb in the presentPresent tense!
LOS USOS1. Emociones 3. Cosas •Estamos felices. temporarias •Estoy triste hoy. La sopa está • caliente.2. Localidad 4. Progresivo •Paco está en México. Tú estás bailando. •
ESTAR– FUTURE TENSE WeYo – ESTARÉ I will be Nosotros – ESTAREMOS will beTú – You Y’all Vosotros – ESTARÉISESTARÁS will be will be He/She TheyÉl Ellos will be will beElla – ESTARÁ Ellas – ESTARÁN You You allUd. Uds. will be will be The endings are added to the infinitive ESTAR!
Ejemplos del Futuro: Este verano estaremos en México. This summer we will be in Mexico. Yo estaré feliz cuando termine esta clase. I will be happy when this class ends. En diez años Paco estará viviendo en España. In ten years Paco will be living in Spain.
ESTAR– PRETERITE TENSE I We Yo – estuve Nosotros – estuvimos was were You Y’all Tú – estuviste Vosotros – estuvisteis were were They Él He/She Ellos were Ella – estuvo was Ellas – estuvieron You all Ud. You were Uds. were ESTAR has an irregular stem in the preterite: ESTUV-Past Tense Used for specific events in the past.
Ejemplos del Pretérito: Ayer estuvimos locos. Yesterday we were crazy. Estuve en Madrid anoche. I was in Madrid last night. Remember that the PRETERITE is a completed action in the past. Note: these have a defined period of time
ESTAR– IMPERFECT TENSE We Yo – ESTABA I was Nosotros – ESTÁBAMOS were Tú – Y’all You were Vosotros – ESTABAIS ESTABAS were They Él He/She Ellos were Ella – ESTABA was Ellas – ESTABAN You all Ud. You were Uds. were Used for ongoing events in the past.Past tense (Dates, times, descriptions of how things USED to be)
Ejemplos del Imperfecto: Yo estaba cansada todos los días. I used to be tired every day. Paco estaba durmiendo cuando sonó el teléfono. Paco was sleeping when the phone rang. Ellos estaban en la misma clase cada año. They used to be in the same class each year. Note: these describe how things used to be or something that was happening in the past