impact methamphetamine presentation

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what to know about drugs,is a presentation to make people aware about what drugs can do to your body

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impact methamphetamine presentation

  1. 1. By Impact Direct Ministries
  2. 2. What To know… About Substance Abuse? By Impact Direct Ministries
  3. 3. What is a Drug? <ul><li>A drug is: </li></ul><ul><li>any chemical substance </li></ul><ul><li>legal or illegal </li></ul><ul><li>natural or unnatural </li></ul><ul><li>leads to physical or psychological addiction </li></ul>By Impact Direct Ministries
  4. 4. What is Drug Dependency? <ul><li>Drug dependency is: </li></ul><ul><li>when someone develops an uncontrollable urge for a drug </li></ul><ul><li>Must have the drug to function. </li></ul>By Impact Direct Ministries
  5. 5. Drug dependency syndrome <ul><li>The process of drug dependency occurs in four stages: </li></ul><ul><li>Experimentation </li></ul><ul><li>Occasional users </li></ul><ul><li>Regular users </li></ul><ul><li>Dependency </li></ul>By Impact Direct Ministries
  6. 6. 1. Experimentation <ul><li>This is when the drug is used for the first time to see if it really is like people say it is. </li></ul><ul><li>REMEMBER: YOU ONLY EXPERIMENT ONCE </li></ul><ul><li>NB : This is exactly where people have to decide to say no. </li></ul>By Impact Direct Ministries
  7. 7. 2. Occasional users <ul><li>Have moved on from the experimental phase </li></ul><ul><li>user decided that he/she like the effect of the drug </li></ul><ul><li>will join in when the opportunity arises to abuse the drug. </li></ul>By Impact Direct Ministries
  8. 8. 3. Regular users: <ul><li>Are already at the stage where it is hard to turn back. </li></ul><ul><li>They will regularly create opportunities to abuse the drug. </li></ul>By Impact Direct Ministries
  9. 9. 4. Dependency <ul><li>This person is must have the drug and will do any thing to get drugs or the money needed to buy them. </li></ul>By Impact Direct Ministries
  10. 10. Classification of drugs <ul><li>Drugs can be classified: </li></ul><ul><li>according to the effect it has on the important functions of the central nervous system </li></ul>By Impact Direct Ministries
  11. 11. Depressants <ul><li>Are drugs that mainly effect the functions of the central nervous system. </li></ul><ul><li>Alcohol </li></ul><ul><li>Narcotics </li></ul><ul><li>Cough Medicine </li></ul><ul><li>Heroin </li></ul><ul><li>Mandrax </li></ul><ul><li>Sleeping pills </li></ul><ul><li>Glue </li></ul><ul><li>Petrol </li></ul>By Impact Direct Ministries
  12. 12. Stimulants <ul><li>Drugs that generally increases the function of the central nervous system. </li></ul><ul><li>Tik </li></ul><ul><li>Cocaine </li></ul><ul><li>Nicotine </li></ul><ul><li>Caffeine </li></ul>By Impact Direct Ministries
  13. 13. Hallucinogens <ul><li>Drugs that generally alter the function of the central nervous system and cause hallucinations. </li></ul><ul><li>Dagga </li></ul><ul><li>LSD </li></ul><ul><li>XTC (Ecstasy) </li></ul>By Impact Direct Ministries
  14. 14. Categories of drugs <ul><li>Drugs can be divided into five different categories: </li></ul><ul><li>Socially acceptable drugs - alcohol, tobacco </li></ul><ul><li>Inhalants -glue ,petrol ,thinners </li></ul><ul><li>Over the counter drugs -cough medicine, painkillers </li></ul><ul><li>Prescription drugs -tranquillizers, sleeping pills </li></ul><ul><li>Illegal drugs - cocaine, tik, heroin </li></ul>By Impact Direct Ministries
  15. 15. Counselling Youth with Drug Abuse <ul><li>Drug abuse & addiction is a world-wide problem. </li></ul><ul><li>Addiction affects the family as well as the society. </li></ul><ul><li>Drug abuse and the illegal selling of drugs can lead to all sorts of other crimes </li></ul><ul><li>Drug abuse affects the addict in many different harmful ways. </li></ul>By Impact Direct Ministries
  16. 16. Dayle's story <ul><li>Hello all …my name is dayle and I was once addicted to drugs, heroin was Mainly my drug of choice, and it was a terrible position I was in but thru the grace of GOD I am now clean of drugs and now I also have chance to do what I always wanted to do and that is to serve my community. And I also just wan to encourage all the people out there that there is hope for all </li></ul><ul><li>Thanks GOD bless </li></ul>By Impact Direct Ministries
  17. 17. The child less likely to be at risk <ul><li>The child: </li></ul><ul><li>with a sense of strong family unity </li></ul><ul><li>who grows up with persistent, appropriate discipline </li></ul><ul><li>who is busy and productive </li></ul><ul><li>with a firm spiritual basis </li></ul><ul><li>with a positive healthy self image </li></ul><ul><li>who openly brings friends home </li></ul><ul><li>who is unconditionally loved </li></ul>By Impact Direct Ministries
  18. 18. The child more likely to be at risk <ul><li>from a troubled family </li></ul><ul><li>who experiences none or little love and care </li></ul><ul><li>who is raised with possessive smothering love </li></ul><ul><li>who grows up with no limits-settings & responsibilities </li></ul><ul><li>who is disciplined through punishment only </li></ul><ul><li>who grows up with no spiritual guidance and structure </li></ul>By Impact Direct Ministries
  19. 19. The high risk family <ul><li>Physically/emotionally absent father </li></ul><ul><li>Poor communication </li></ul><ul><li>Substance abuse by one or both parents </li></ul><ul><li>Too much free unstructured time </li></ul><ul><li>Conditional love </li></ul>By Impact Direct Ministries
  20. 20. By Impact Direct Ministries
  21. 21. What to know…about dagga By Impact Direct Ministries
  22. 22. Dagga… street names: <ul><li>Marijuana </li></ul><ul><li>Cannabis </li></ul><ul><li>Pot </li></ul><ul><li>Weed </li></ul><ul><li>Hashish </li></ul><ul><li>Chronic </li></ul><ul><li>grass </li></ul>By Impact Direct Ministries
  23. 23. Form, Colour & how its consumed: <ul><li>Smoked in cigarette form (Slow boat, joint or zol) </li></ul><ul><li>Smoked in a broken bottle neck (pipe) </li></ul><ul><li>Dagga tea or cookies can be made from it </li></ul><ul><li>It is usually mixed with an amount of tobacco </li></ul>By Impact Direct Ministries
  24. 24. Characteristics <ul><li>Sweet, heavy smell on clothes </li></ul><ul><li>Bloodshot eyes </li></ul><ul><li>Drooping eyelids </li></ul><ul><li>Giggling </li></ul><ul><li>Unnatural hunger (munchies) </li></ul><ul><li>Impaired perception (distortion) </li></ul><ul><li>Uncontrolled moods </li></ul>By Impact Direct Ministries
  25. 25. Short–term effects <ul><li>Feelings of well-being & euphoria </li></ul><ul><li>Paranoia & risk of toxic psychosis </li></ul><ul><li>Drowsiness </li></ul><ul><li>Hallucinations </li></ul><ul><li>Dilated pupils </li></ul><ul><li>Increased pulse rate </li></ul><ul><li>Increased hunger & thirst </li></ul>By Impact Direct Ministries
  26. 26. Long-term effects <ul><li>Lack of concern for future </li></ul><ul><li>Slow, confused thinking </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of energy </li></ul><ul><li>Learning difficulties </li></ul><ul><li>Menstrual disturbances </li></ul><ul><li>Infertility </li></ul><ul><li>Liver damage </li></ul><ul><li>Abnormal weight changes </li></ul><ul><li>Foetal abnormality </li></ul>By Impact Direct Ministries
  27. 27. Withdrawal symptoms <ul><li>Restlessness </li></ul><ul><li>Aggression </li></ul><ul><li>Insomnia </li></ul><ul><li>Moodiness </li></ul><ul><li>Lethargy </li></ul><ul><li>Nausea </li></ul><ul><li>Decreased appetite </li></ul><ul><li>moodiness </li></ul>By Impact Direct Ministries
  28. 28. By Impact Direct Ministries
  29. 29. What to know…. about Heroin By Impact Direct Ministries
  30. 30. Heroin… street names <ul><li>Ungga </li></ul><ul><li>“ H” </li></ul><ul><li>Black tar </li></ul><ul><li>China White </li></ul><ul><li>Brown Sugar </li></ul><ul><li>Dragon </li></ul><ul><li>Elephant </li></ul>By Impact Direct Ministries
  31. 31. Form, Colour & how its consumed: <ul><li>“ Skin popping” injecting under the skin </li></ul><ul><li>“ Mainlining” injection into the vein </li></ul><ul><li>“ Snorted” (powder form) </li></ul><ul><li>“ Chasing the dragon” smoking heroin fumes </li></ul>By Impact Direct Ministries
  32. 32. Characteristics <ul><li>5 to 8 times stronger than morphine </li></ul><ul><li>Off-white to light brown crystalline powder </li></ul><ul><li>Bitter taste </li></ul><ul><li>Odorless when freshly prepared </li></ul><ul><li>Develops vinegar smell when in storage </li></ul><ul><li>Syringes & tie-up ropes </li></ul><ul><li>Injection marks & bruises on arms </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of interest in school career or relationships </li></ul><ul><li>Deterioration of health </li></ul>By Impact Direct Ministries
  33. 33. Short–term effects <ul><li>Drooping eyelids </li></ul><ul><li>Slow slurred speech </li></ul><ul><li>Lowered body temperature </li></ul><ul><li>Nausea & vomiting </li></ul><ul><li>Itching & burning skin </li></ul><ul><li>Impaired breathing </li></ul><ul><li>Decreased heart rate & blood pressure </li></ul>By Impact Direct Ministries
  34. 34. Long-term effects <ul><li>Severe physical and psychological addiction </li></ul><ul><li>Heart failure & strokes </li></ul><ul><li>Depression & lack of motivation </li></ul><ul><li>Liver & kidney failure </li></ul><ul><li>Constipation </li></ul><ul><li>Skin disease </li></ul><ul><li>Amputation & gangrene death </li></ul>By Impact Direct Ministries
  35. 35. Withdrawal symptoms <ul><li>Restlessness & uneasiness </li></ul><ul><li>Weakness & irritability </li></ul><ul><li>Aching in limbs </li></ul><ul><li>Fever, stomach cramps, violent pains & spasms limbs, diarrhea </li></ul><ul><li>Increase in heart & respiratory rate, blood pressure & temperature, goose bumps (“cold turkey”) </li></ul>By Impact Direct Ministries
  36. 36. By Impact Direct Ministries
  37. 37. What to know… about Methamphetamine By Impact Direct Ministries
  38. 38. Methamphetamine … street names <ul><li>TIK </li></ul><ul><li>Speed </li></ul><ul><li>Ice </li></ul><ul><li>Meth </li></ul><ul><li>Tjoef </li></ul><ul><li>Crystal </li></ul><ul><li>Straw </li></ul>By Impact Direct Ministries
  39. 39. Form, Colour & how its consumed: <ul><li>“ smoked” in pipes / lollies </li></ul><ul><li>“ Sniffed” in powder form </li></ul><ul><li>“ Drunk” dissolved in drinks </li></ul><ul><li>Injected or swallowed </li></ul>By Impact Direct Ministries
  40. 40. Characteristics <ul><li>Unknown powder or crystals </li></ul><ul><li>Small plastic bags </li></ul><ul><li>Unfamiliar pipes </li></ul><ul><li>Burns on fingers caused by the pipe </li></ul>By Impact Direct Ministries
  41. 41. Short–term effects <ul><li>Increase wakefulness and alertness </li></ul><ul><li>Dry mouth </li></ul><ul><li>Fast reflexes </li></ul><ul><li>Rapid / irregular heart beat </li></ul><ul><li>Increased blood pressure </li></ul><ul><li>Elevated body temperature </li></ul><ul><li>Heightened sense of sexuality </li></ul><ul><li>Sleep disturbances </li></ul>By Impact Direct Ministries
  42. 42. Long-term effects <ul><li>Agitation / irritability </li></ul><ul><li>Strokes </li></ul><ul><li>Psychosis </li></ul><ul><li>Irreversible damage to blood vessels </li></ul><ul><li>Damage to Dopamine system could lead to Parkinson’s disease </li></ul><ul><li>Heart failure </li></ul><ul><li>Internal organ damage </li></ul><ul><li>Death </li></ul>By Impact Direct Ministries
  43. 43. Withdrawal symptoms <ul><li>Nausea </li></ul><ul><li>Depression </li></ul><ul><li>Aggression </li></ul><ul><li>Drowsiness </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of appetite </li></ul><ul><li>Listlessness </li></ul>By Impact Direct Ministries
  44. 44. By Impact Direct Ministries
  45. 45. What to know…about cocaine By Impact Direct Ministries
  46. 46. Cocaine…street names <ul><li>Coke </li></ul><ul><li>Snow </li></ul><ul><li>Snort </li></ul><ul><li>Powder </li></ul><ul><li>Crack </li></ul><ul><li>Rocks </li></ul><ul><li>Blow </li></ul><ul><li>Nose candy </li></ul>By Impact Direct Ministries
  47. 47. Form, Colour & how its consumed: <ul><li>Cocaine powder which is sniffed </li></ul><ul><li>Crack/rocks this is a crystal form witch is smoked “free based” </li></ul><ul><li>during the smoking process, the “Rocks” produce a crackling sound “Crack” </li></ul>By Impact Direct Ministries
  48. 48. Characteristics <ul><li>Excessive self-confidence </li></ul><ul><li>Talkativeness </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of appetite </li></ul><ul><li>Rapid pulse </li></ul><ul><li>Rush and overconfident behaviour </li></ul><ul><li>Unfamiliar pieces of paper, plastic bags pipes or containers </li></ul>By Impact Direct Ministries
  49. 49. Short–term effects <ul><li>Blurred vision </li></ul><ul><li>Increase in body temperature </li></ul><ul><li>Alertness and lack of need for sleep </li></ul><ul><li>Over confidence & mood swings </li></ul><ul><li>Talkativeness, fast speech </li></ul><ul><li>Accelerated breathing </li></ul><ul><li>Muscle spasms </li></ul>By Impact Direct Ministries
  50. 50. Long-term effects <ul><li>Convulsions </li></ul><ul><li>Coma </li></ul><ul><li>Chest pain </li></ul><ul><li>Paranoia </li></ul><ul><li>Severe depression </li></ul><ul><li>Paranoia </li></ul><ul><li>Weight loss </li></ul><ul><li>Death </li></ul>By Impact Direct Ministries
  51. 51. Withdrawal symptoms <ul><li>Cramps in muscles </li></ul><ul><li>Mental depression </li></ul><ul><li>Drowsiness </li></ul>By Impact Direct Ministries
  52. 52. By Impact Direct Ministries
  53. 53. What to know…about Ecstasy By Impact Direct Ministries
  54. 54. Ecstasy …street names <ul><li>XTC </li></ul><ul><li>E </li></ul><ul><li>Love drug </li></ul><ul><li>Disco biscuits </li></ul><ul><li>Known by the motive on it </li></ul>By Impact Direct Ministries
  55. 55. Form, Colour & how its consumed: <ul><li>Tablets, capsules or powder dissolved in drinks </li></ul><ul><li>Coloured brown, white or pink </li></ul><ul><li>Swallowing, sniffing, smoking </li></ul>By Impact Direct Ministries
  56. 56. Characteristics <ul><li>Locking of jaws </li></ul><ul><li>Higher blood pressure </li></ul><ul><li>Fainting </li></ul><ul><li>Forgetfulness </li></ul><ul><li>Hyperactivity </li></ul><ul><li>Enlarged pupils </li></ul>By Impact Direct Ministries
  57. 57. Short–term effects <ul><li>Teeth grinding </li></ul><ul><li>Nausea </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of co-ordination </li></ul><ul><li>Insomnia </li></ul><ul><li>Sweating and chills </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of appetite </li></ul>By Impact Direct Ministries
  58. 58. Long-term effects <ul><li>Blood clots, convulsion or collapse due to the body over heating </li></ul><ul><li>Slows down the action of the kidneys, preventing the body from eliminating the excess fluid </li></ul><ul><li>Memory loss, panic attacks, depression </li></ul>By Impact Direct Ministries
  59. 59. Withdrawal symptoms <ul><li>longing for other drugs </li></ul><ul><li>Speech difficulties </li></ul><ul><li>Paranoia </li></ul><ul><li>Anxiety </li></ul>By Impact Direct Ministries
  60. 60. By Impact Direct Ministries
  61. 61. What to know…about Alcohol By Impact Direct Ministries
  62. 62. Alcohol…street names <ul><li>Dop </li></ul><ul><li>Juice </li></ul><ul><li>booze </li></ul>By Impact Direct Ministries
  63. 63. Characteristics <ul><li>Obviously drunk </li></ul><ul><li>Aggressive behaviour </li></ul><ul><li>Headaches </li></ul><ul><li>Dry mouth </li></ul><ul><li>Unnatural thirst </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of concentration </li></ul><ul><li>Slow thinking </li></ul>By Impact Direct Ministries
  64. 64. Short–term effects <ul><li>Decrease of oxygen to brain </li></ul><ul><li>Heart inflamed </li></ul><ul><li>Impaired judgement </li></ul><ul><li>Slurred speech </li></ul><ul><li>Slow reflexes </li></ul><ul><li>Aggressive outburst </li></ul>By Impact Direct Ministries
  65. 65. Long-term effects <ul><li>Irreversible brain & kidney damage </li></ul><ul><li>Cancer of voice box </li></ul><ul><li>TB </li></ul><ul><li>Heart failure </li></ul><ul><li>Gout </li></ul><ul><li>Foetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) babies </li></ul><ul><li>Abdominal pains </li></ul>By Impact Direct Ministries
  66. 66. Withdrawal symptoms <ul><li>Physical discomfort </li></ul><ul><li>Shivers </li></ul><ul><li>Nervousness </li></ul><ul><li>Insomnia </li></ul><ul><li>Skin rash </li></ul>By Impact Direct Ministries
  67. 67. Where do I go for help? Impact Direct Ministries Impact Centre 66 Tarentaal Road Bridgetown Athlone 7764 Tel:021 6374037 / 021 6990291 Fax:021 6991454 [email_address] www.impactdirect.org.za www.thereconstructed.blogspot.com
  68. 68. By Impact Direct Ministries
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