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The Dromedary Camel

The Dromedary Camel






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    The Dromedary Camel The Dromedary Camel Presentation Transcript

    • The Dromedary Camel
      “Trust in Allah, but tie your camel.”
      -Arabian Proverb-
    • No, Really, WTF is a Camel?
      Kingdom: Animalia
      Phylum: Chordata
      Class: Mammalia
      Order: Artiodactyla
      Family: Bovidae
      G. Species: Camelus Dromedarius
    • No, Really, WTF is a Camel? cont.
      Its native range is still unclear but it was probably the Arabian Peninsula and the domesticated form occurs in Africa and Saudi Arabia. The only ‘wild’ camels are in Africa.
    • General Characteristics
      Body Length: 10 ft
      Shoulder Height: 6-7 ft
      Weight: 1320-2200 lbs.
      Males are considerably larger than females
      Coat is beige to light-brown with slightly lighter undersides.
      Legs are long & slender with calluses on the knees
      Upper lip is deeply spilt
      Closable nostrils & long eyelashes to keep sand out
      Two broad toes on feet
      Camels are known for having bad attitudes to begin with, (biting, spitting, being smelly, etc.)
      No, Really, WTF is a Camel? cont.
    • What’s With the Hump?
      The hump does not store water!
      It stores fat that the camel is able to break down into water and energy when none is available
      The dromedary is considered the ‘one-hump’ camel but it actually has two humps
      The underdeveloped anterior hump sits over the shoulders while the other one is in the center of the back, obviously.
      Someone called camels the ‘ship of the desert’ because of their humps and that’s somehow supposed to make sense and be clever
      No, Really, WTF is a Camel? cont.
    • Humble Beginnings
      Became established in the Sahara region in the second millennium BC
      Disappeared again around 900 BC
      Persian invasion brought domesticated animals to Egypt
      Used throughout North Africa
      Romans kept a corps of camel warriors to patrol the desert
      BUT these camels didn’t do
      crap for the trade industry…
      The History of the Dromedary Camel
    • The Better, Buffer Camel
      More durable camels arrived in the 4th century
      Before then, the trips across the desert were taken by horse-drawn carriage— these were dangerous.
      These camels did not become common until some Islamic conquest made them common.
      These heartier camels allowed substantial trade across the Sahara desert for the first time
      The History of the Dromedary Camel cont.
    • The Camel’s Adventure to Australia
      In 1840 the first camels were shipped to Australia from a Spanish island off the coast of Africa
      Only one camel survived the voyage
      It was kind of a fail for the Spaniards
      The explorer John Horrocks was one of the first people to use camels to explore The Outback of Australia during the 1840’s.
      Thanks to all this there are about 300,000 feral camels roaming around Australia
      Australian Feral camels are the only real ‘wild’ camels now
      The History of the Dromedary Camel cont.
    • About Mom & Dad
      Female camels are called cows
      Male camels are called bulls
      Bulls have an inflatable soft palate (like frog’s) that they fill with air to attract a cow
      Cows reach sexual maturity when 3 or 4 years old
      Bulls reach sexual maturity at 5 years old
      A fully mature bull really gets around: ‘covering’ 20–50 females in one breeding season
      The gestation period is between 12 and 13 months
      Only one calf is born
      Twins are wicked rare, FYI, so don’t get your hopes up
      Let’s Make Baby Camels!
    • The Finished Product
      Called calves
      Newborn stands about 3 feet tall with long, thin legs
      So weak & wobbly it can barley walk
      A day after birth it can follow its mother to graze
      If the mother is a member of a human-lead caravan, the calf is put in a nifty hammock and carried on one of the super-buff camels so that the group can keep moving
      Baby camels are born without a hump because the layer of fat doesn’t develop until they eat solid food
      Let’s Make Baby Camels! cont.
    • Its Better When You’re Together
      Groups are called herds or caravans
      Herds are not territorial and may join up during droughts
      Family groups: a feral herd of females and young led by an adult male; usually fewer than 21 individuals
      Other males, not in family groups, are solitary or travel in ‘bachelor groups’
      Behavior and Survival
    • How To Get The Ladies
      Bulls splash urine on their tails and flick them around to cover their backs— the AXE of the dromedary world —besides puffing up their soft palate
      Males also gurgle their saliva to create foam
      Behavior and Survival cont.
    • Its About To Get Violent Up In This Piece!
      Males become very aggressive during the breeding season, defending their women from the other guys
      They snap, kick, and neck-wrestle to protect their harem
      Camel neck-wrestling is no laughing matter!
      Suffocation of the loser may occur if the winner falls on his throat
      Behavior and Survival cont.
    • Survivor:Sahara
      Aside from its eyelashes, closable nostrils, large padded feet, and hump here are a few other ways the camel survives in its harsh habitat:
      Its feeding behavior: it only eats a few leaves from each plant as a method of conservation
      It is capable of eating plants other herbivores can’t. (i.e. the thorns from acacia tree)
      Herds will spread over a large area so they do not eat all the vegetation
      Behavior and Survival cont.
    • Are Camels Useless?
      Used mainly as a beast of burden
      In some cultures, wealth is based on the number of camels a person owns
      Camel hair is also a source camels can offer. You can use it to make belts, purses, shirts, tents, etc.
      Dromedary meat is consumed a lot in the Arabian Peninsula, Somalia, Sudan, and Egypt (but only a little)
      Some police/border guards ride camels when on patrol
      The Many Uses of the Dromedary
      And don’t forget Joe Camel!
    • I won’t apologize if it was boring.
      I like camels.
      THE END!