WWWW 2010 Conference - ICT4D 2.0
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WWWW 2010 Conference - ICT4D 2.0

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A look at how to apply the principles of Web 2.0 (in addition to the technology) to ICT4D (ICT for Development)

A look at how to apply the principles of Web 2.0 (in addition to the technology) to ICT4D (ICT for Development)

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  • 1. Arising out of NextEd Project (www.nexted.info)
    Transforming ICT4D through Web 2.0
    R. Quilling, C. Blewett, M. Hughes
    School of Information Systems & Technology
    University of KwaZulu-Natal
  • 2. 1990s: Rapid rise in availability of ICTs, most notably the Internet
    2000: Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)
    Development potential of ICTs beyond question
    YET:
    To date, most ICT4D projects have been either partial or total failures
    UN itself has acknowledged that progress towards the MDGs’ 2015 target has been slow (UN, 2009)
    ICT4D 1.0: The State of Play
  • 3. 2009: “The ICT4D 2.0 Manifesto” (Heeks, R.)
    Draws a line under the last 10 years
    Reflects on lessons learnt
    Suggests a new direction
    Development projects should be:
    Sustainable
    Scalable
    Subject to subjective evaluation
    ICT4D on the threshold of a major phase change
    Dumping (unaltered) latest tech does not work
    Moving to ICT4D 2.0?
  • 4. Remain active innovators and not rely on passive diffusion, however:
    Look for new models of innovation
    ICT4D 2.0 Unbundled
    • Change the way the target population is perceived
    • 5. Change the way the target population is perceived
    • 6. From marginalised and passive to centralised and active
    • 7. From supply-driven to demand-driven
    • 8. From “invention-down” to “use-up”
  • To examine the fundamental thinking behind development projects and their implementation strategies
    To seek new models of engagement that recognise the ICT4D phase change
    To enhance development projects by adding features from Web 2.0 innovation models
    What is required?
    ICT4D 2.0
  • 9. NextEd-Africa: A Potential Candidate?
    Not explicitly conceptualised as an ICT4D project
    BUT: Also rooted in MDGs
    Education is arguably the ideal vehicle for addressing the MDGs
    Shapes future generations
    Provides platform for a new and different future
    Socio-economic development through rejuvenating education in Africa
    Potential for exciting cross-pollination of underlying ideas/philosophies with ICT4D
  • 10. NextEd is a global, virtual educational network, built on an ubuntu philosophy of collaboration and a scaffolded model of supportive engagement.
    Setup NextEd World (VW, SLN)
    Collaborative Courses
    Microblogging Environments
    Integration platforms, role players
    NextEd
  • 11. NextEd Philosophy
    Digital campfire – Ubun2.0
    A place of no judgment
    A place of no assumptions
    Each has a reason for being there
    Each is welcome
    Each tells their story
    Each learns
    Each leaves to share
  • 12. NextEd – An Intro
  • 13. NextEd 5C Engagement Model
  • 14. Adopted “use-up” approach
    Consumers experience through Come, Consume, Collaborate
    Missing “Connection”
    ICT4D 2.0 – Learning from NextEd
  • 15. Model of Engagement
    Trust and motivation is NB
    Exposure to NextEd is NB
    From 5C to 6C
  • 16. Co-operation through Ubun2.0 Engagement
    Heeks 3 models for innovation
    Laboratory (pro-poor) – on behalf of
    Collaborative (para-poor) - alongside
    Grassroots (per-poor) – within
    BUT
    Nomeclature/mindset “rich/poor”, “have/have not”
    Need an Ubuntu approach
  • 17. Co-operation through Ubun2.0 Engagement
    So, unlike the pro-para-per -poor separation, Ubuntu is not about seeing ourselves as “separated from one another (but rather as) ... connected” (Archbishop Desmond Tutu, Wikipedia, 2009).
    “A traveller through a country would stop at a village and he didn't have to ask for food or for water. Once he stops, the people give him food, entertain him. That is one aspect of Ubuntu, but it will have various aspects. Ubuntu does not mean that people should not enrich themselves. The question therefore is: Are you going to do so in order to enable the community around you to be able to improve?” (N.Mandela)
  • 18. Not just Web 2.0 technologies but Web 2.0 Principles
    Ubunt2.0 Engagement
    1. Co-operatoin
    2. Co-creation
    3. Beta
  • 19. “cooperate, do not control” (Rollettet al, 2007
    experience the environment in both a “consume/receive” and “collaborate/give”
    Co-operation through Ubun2.0 Engagement
  • 20. Wiki-Style co-creation
    No hierarchy – Peer creation
    Daystar lecturer consumed, then creates and collaborates
    Co-creation
  • 21. Ubun2.0 Learning Happening
    A place for imperfect learners, imperfect teachers,
    with imperfect tools
    bound together by an
    important philosophy
    BETA Mindset
  • 22. Beta Journey
    éducation sans frontières
    WebCT – 2002-2003
    OLS – 2003-2007
    Elgg – (2008)
    CLOUDe Valley
    Ravines of Technicality
    Mt. Institutionus
    Mahara – 2008
    Ning – 2008
    Edmodo – 2010
    Ning - 2010
    CollectiveX – 2009
    Grou.ps – 2009
  • 23. NextEd: Potential Outcomes
  • 24. ICT4D phase change means new engagement models are needed
    Our experiences/reflections show need for Ubuntu-style engagement
    The future?
    Africa’s turn is next!
    Conclusion
  • 25. Any questions, comments, ideas, money ;-)