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Advanced Patent Analysis Work Book

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The workbook leads the user through an Advanced Patent Analysis activity using elements of TRIZ - The Theory of Inventive Problem Solving. It can be applied to any patent and used for patent analysis, …

The workbook leads the user through an Advanced Patent Analysis activity using elements of TRIZ - The Theory of Inventive Problem Solving. It can be applied to any patent and used for patent analysis, patent design-around and strengthening of patents.

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  • 1. Crafitti Consulting Crafting Innovation Together Crafitti Innovation Ignition Workshop Series Sep 26-27, 2008, Bangalore, India Advanced Patent Analysis using TRIZ and other techniques crafting innovation together Practitioner’s Work Book Delegate Name: Organization: Email-Id: © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited
  • 2. What is a Technical System? Anything that performs a function is a Technical System Model of a Function A function is an intended direct (physical) action of the tool on the object Tool Object function Formulation of Functions Correct (If not, Correct it) crafting innovation together Fan cools the Body Lens magnifies the Object Hot air dries hair Incandescent bulb illuminates the room Air Conditioner improves our comfort Lightning Rod attracts lightning Microwave Oven cooks Food © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited 2
  • 3. Exercise 5 minutes (group of 4/5) You are a patent engineer – you received an Invention Disclosure as described below – Please write down an abstract (Maximum 30 words) A motorbike with wireless connection to a mobile phone. The mobile phone controls the bike. When you buy the bike, mobile phone is given free of cost crafting innovation together © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited 3
  • 4. Exercise 5 minutes (group of 4/5) You are a patent engineer – you received an Invention Disclosure as described below – Please write down an abstract (Maximum 30 words) crafting innovation together © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited 4
  • 5. Exercise 5 minutes (group of 4/5) Exchange the abstract written by your group with the group next to you. A motorbike with wireless connection to a mobile phone. The mobile phone controls the bike. When you buy the bike, mobile phone is given free of cost crafting innovation together © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited 5
  • 6. Exercise 5 minutes (group of 4/5) You are Now a novelty evaluator – you received the abstract of the ID with you – Please make relevant keywords and logical (and, or, not) queries you will use to search for the prior art in the US PTO! A motorbike with wireless connection to a mobile phone. The mobile phone controls the bike. When you buy the bike, mobile phone is given free of cost crafting innovation together © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited 6
  • 7. Exercise 5 minutes (group of 4/5) You are Now a novelty evaluator – you received the abstract of the ID with you – Please make relevant keywords and logical (and, or, not) queries you will use to search for the prior art in the US PTO! crafting innovation together © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited 7
  • 8. Analyzing a Patent – The TRIZ Way Whiteboard Marker having arch shaped housing crafting innovation together © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited 8
  • 9. crafting innovation together © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited 9
  • 10. Read the Abstract – Identify the Key Element of Invention Identify the sentence where the key invention is mentioned? crafting innovation together Can you also identify the function or effect produced by the invention? © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited 10
  • 11. Read the Abstract – Identify the Key Element of Invention Identify the sentence where the key invention is mentioned? Can you also identify the function or effect produced by the invention? crafting innovation together © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited 11
  • 12. Technical Field and Prior Art Analysis What system parameter(s) have improved in this invention? crafting innovation together © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited 12
  • 13. Technical Field and Prior Art Analysis What are the system conflicts in Chalk and Blackboard System? crafting innovation together What system parameter(s) have improved with Whiteboard Markers Over Chalk and Blackboard? © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited 13
  • 14. Technical Field and Prior Art Analysis crafting innovation together © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited 14
  • 15. Technical Field and Prior Art Analysis What are the system conflicts in whiteboard crafting innovation together marker system? © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited 15
  • 16. Technical Field and Prior Art Analysis What are the system conflicts in whiteboard marker system? crafting innovation together © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited 16
  • 17. Technical Field and Prior Art Analysis What are the system conflicts in all existing whiteboard marker system? crafting innovation together © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited 17
  • 18. Technical Field and Prior Art Analysis What are the system conflicts in existing whiteboard marker system? crafting innovation together © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited 18
  • 19. Disclosure of Invention – Technical Problem What are the system parameters in existing whiteboard marker system that need improvement? crafting innovation together © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited 19
  • 20. Disclosure of Invention – Technical Solution crafting innovation together © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited 20
  • 21. TRIZ 40 Inventive Principles 1. Segmentation 21. Skipping 2. Extraction 22. ‘Blessing in Disguise’ 3. Local Quality 23. Feedback 4. Asymmetry 24. Intermediary 5. Combination 25. Self-Service 6. Universality 26. Copying 7. ‘Nested Doll’ 27. Cheap/Short Living 8. Counterweight 28. Mechanics Substitution 9. Prior Counter-Action 29. Pneumatics and Hydraulics 10. Prior Action 30. Flexible Shells/Thin Films 11. Prior Cushioning 31. Porous Materials crafting innovation together 12. Equi-potentiality 32. Colour Changes 13. ‘The Other Way Round’ 33. Homogeneity 14. Spheroidality 34. Discarding and Recovering 15. Dynamics 35. Parameter Changes 16. Partial or Excessive Action 36. Phase Transitions 17. Another Dimension 37. Thermal Expansion 18. Mechanical Vibration 38. Strong Oxidants 19. Periodic Action 39. Inert Atmosphere 20. Continuity of Useful Action 40. Composite Materials © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited 21
  • 22. Summarize the System Conflicts System Improving Undesired Result Inventive Principle Parameter (Parameter) Used Chalk and NA Blackboard White Board Marker (WBM) Refillable WBMs Two Sided WBMs crafting innovation together Arch Shaped WBM (Present Invention) Two Sided Arch Shaped WBM Three sided WBM © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited 22
  • 23. Claims Study Claim 1 Claim 2 crafting innovation together Claim 3 © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited 23
  • 24. Claims Study (contd) Claim 4 Claim 5 crafting innovation together Claim 6 © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited 24
  • 25. Claims Study (continued) Claim 7 Claim 8 crafting innovation together Claim 9 © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited 25
  • 26. Build Claims Hierarchy Claim 1 Claim 2 Claim 3 Claim 4 Claim 5 Claim 6 Claim 7 Claim 8 crafting innovation together Claim 9 Identify: Independent Claims and Dependent Claims © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited 26
  • 27. Function and Structure Analysis (FSA) (Identify the Key Elements of the system) crafting innovation together © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited 27
  • 28. FSA- Build a Design Structure Matrix (DSM) SE1 SE2 SE3 SE4 SE5 SE6 SE1 SE2 SE3 SE4 SE5 SE6 crafting innovation together SE: System Element © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited 28
  • 29. FSA- Function Analysis crafting innovation together Adequate Useful Action Absent Useful Action Inadequate Useful Action × Harmful Action © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited 29
  • 30. 1. Law of Increasing Degree of Ideality - Increasing Ratio -> Benefits/Harm (cost) Law of Increasing Degree of Ideality (Cardinal Law) Fully Functional System No Resources No Harm How close to Ideality is the How can you make it closer to current Invention? ideality? crafting innovation together © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited 30
  • 31. 2. Law of Non-uniform evolution of subsystems -> Leads to System Conflicts Law of Non-uniform evolution of sub-systems More Complex System means more non- uniformity Which sub-systems are closer to What are the conflicts if any sub- ideality? systems function is intensified? crafting innovation together © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited 31
  • 32. 3. Law of Transition to a higher Level system -> from simple to more complex Law of Transition to a Higher level system Multi-functional system What are the Useful functions What more functions can be provided? combined? crafting innovation together © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited 32
  • 33. 4. Law of Increasing dynamism (flexibility) -> More adaptable to change Law of Increasing Flexibility Adaptable System What parts can be made more Based on different environments, flexible? what changes can be done to make system functional? crafting innovation together © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited 33
  • 34. 5. Law of Transition to micro-level -> Increasing fragmentation Law of Transition to Micro Level Micro level structures What parts of the system can be What micro materials are replaced by micro structures? available? crafting innovation together © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited 34
  • 35. 6. Law of Completeness -> Gradual Elimination of Human Component Law of Completeness No Human Involvement What parts of the system has How to eliminate human human involvement? components? crafting innovation together © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited 35
  • 36. 7. Law of Shortening of Energy Flow Path -> Reduction in Energy/Info transformation stages Law of shortening of Energy Flow Path Energy Flow in the system is close to zero What parts of the system have Can one shorten energy flow? energy flow? crafting innovation together © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited 36
  • 37. 8. Law of Increasing controllability -> Evolution of controlled interactions of system elements Law of increasing controllability Completely controlled field How can one control the field – for What parts of the system non- example changing gravity to controllable fields? electric field? crafting innovation together © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited 37
  • 38. 9. Law of Harmonization of rhythms -> Synchronization of natural frequencies of elements Law of harmonization of rhythms Perfect resonance of parts What parts of the system have How to make these activities in various time based activities? perfect harmony? crafting innovation together © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited 38
  • 39. Applications of Patent Analysis Patents as a trigger for Brainstorming Technological Alternatives or Design Around a Patent White Space Identification Opportunity Finding crafting innovation together © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited 39
  • 40. Patent as a Trigger for Brainstorming Map the conflicts identified for the whiteboard marker patent to the Contradiction Matrix and identify the relevant Inventive Principles. Generate ideas for each of those principles to solve the problems or generally think about a new whiteboard marker. Inventive Principles (#) Possible Ideas crafting innovation together © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited 40
  • 41. Ideas Mind Map crafting innovation together © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited 41
  • 42. Trimming and Design Around a Patent Designing around the patent means changing the Function and Structure Analysis Picture in some way so that it is different from the one in the original patent, but that delivers the Same (or better) useful functions to the user. Look at the Function and Structure Analysis picture for the whiteboard marker patent. How can it be altered – can some element be eliminated from the system completely? crafting innovation together © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited 42
  • 43. Trimming and Design Around a Patent (Contd.) crafting innovation together © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited 43
  • 44. Alternative Ranking – Using Analytic Hierarchy Process Relative Alternative Ranking Non Infringing Technical Feasibility Criticality Economic Alternative Feasibility • Distance from Current • Capability to • Enhancement in • R&D Cost Patent Implement current capability • Production Cost • Novelty • R&D Effort • Long Term Benefits crafting innovation together ALTERNATIVE I ALTERNATIVE II ALTERNATIVE III ALTERNATIVE IV ALTERNATIVE V ALTERNATIVE VI © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited 44
  • 45. Crafitti Innovation Ignition Workshop Series Sep 26-27, 2008, Bangalore, India Advanced Patent Analysis using TRIZ and other concepts Crafitti Consulting Crafting innovation together . . . www.crafitti.com crafting innovation together Navneet Bhushan (navneet.bhushan@crafitti.com) Karthikeyan Iyer (karthikeyan.iyer@crafitti.com) © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited 45

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