Organic and Sustainable FarmingPresentation Transcript
Organic and Sustainable Farming in the Developing World Solar panels in the fields at Lange Twins Winery and Vineyards.
What is Organic Farming?
The production of crops without the use of synthetic/chemical inputs
No Genetically Modified Organisms
Utilizes biological activity in soil
Uses crop rotation, manure, compost, natural pest control (natural predators)
What is Sustainable Farming?
Farming that considers environmental health, yet is profitable while still considering social and economic equity.
Not necessarily organic, but often uses organic farming techniques
Fair treatment of farm laborers
Very similar to Ecological Agriculture
Ecological Farming ensures healthy farming and healthy food for today and tomorrow, by protecting soil, water and climate, promotes biodiversity, and does not contaminate the environment with chemical inputs or genetic engineering
Fewer antibiotic resistant strains of organisms from less antibiotic use in farm animals
Alleviate rural poverty in the developing world
Organic food production requires more hand labor
It is spread out over the growing season for continued employment
Less dependence on fossil fuels for all agriculture (animal feed & waste transport, vehicles for spraying, etc.)
What Are Some Organic/Sustainable Farming Techniques?
Build crop strength
Build soil strength
Be proactive with the crop and use ecological practices to prevent diseases, pests and weeds
Use reactive management – deal with problems as they arise
Mix animal and crop production as much as possible
Sell products locally whenever possible
Why is This Good for the Developing World?
Return to small-scale farming
Production is higher on small scale farms in both developed and developing world
Fewer farmers will be forced from their land and into slums to starve
Less reliance on imported fertilizers and pesticides
More nutritious food crops due to more diverse crops and higher soil nutrient content
Organics in U.S. - lessen the effects of global warming on the developing world.
What Are Some Roadblocks to Organic/Sustainable Agriculture?
Need markets for crops other than corn and soybeans
In some countries, soil building farm residues (manure, plant material) are used for fuel instead of building the soil
Little to no governmental subsides or assistance
Economics & Education (in U.S.)
Badgley, C., Moghtader, J., Quintero, E., Zakem, E., Chappell, J., Avilés- Vázquez, K., Samulon, A., Perfecto, I. (2007). Organic agriculture and the global food supply. Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems, 22 (2), 86-108.
Magdoff, F. (2007) . Ecological agriculture: Principles, practices, and constraints. Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems 22 (2), 109-117.
Rodriguez, J.M., Molnar, J.J., Fazio, R.A., Sydnor, E., Lowe, M.J., (2009) . Barriers to adoption of sustainable agriculture practices: Change agent perspectives. Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems, 24 , 60-71.
Tirado, R (2009). Defining Ecological Farming. Greenpeace Research Laboratories. Retrieved From: http://docs.google.com/gview? a=v&q=cache:DjC4xa3W_xkJ:www.greenpeace.to/publications/Defining-Ecological-Farming-2009.pdf+what+is+ecological+farming&hl=en&gl=us&sig=AFQjCNHFjLyKGY5diZ6l-UcCsqlBKyuW4g