Vietnam War Presentation
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  • 1. The Vietnam WarBy Rohan A. Rastogi and Nathan Beningson
  • 2. French Colony • French colony since 1840s • Japanese takeover • French receive colony back • Ho Chi Minhrevolt in North nationalist leads o Fight for 8 years o Drive out French • Geneva Conference divides on 17th parallel • US increases influence in South
  • 3. North Vietnam vs. SouthVietnam• Democratic • State of Vietnam Republic of Vietnam (DRV) • Corrupt, dictatorial regime under Ngo• Communist Dinh Diem• Led by Ho Chi Minh • Anti- communist• Bring "an era of • US backed right and justice" to all of Vietnam • "Crusade" against communism
  • 4. Causes of the Vietnam War1. French Colonialism• Creates disdain for West• First Indochina War- split countries4. Domino Theory• US belief• If one country "fell" to communism, then rest of countries in that region will fall in turn (like dominos)
  • 5. Causes (cont.)3. US policy of containment• Prevent spread of communism• Korean War4. North/ South Vietnamese tensions• Contrasting governments• Diems anti-communism leads to guerrilla fighting near border- Vietcong• South receiving US aid, advisors
  • 6. Short Term Cause: Gulf of Tonkin The USS Maddox
  • 7. Gulf of Tonkin Resolution • Uses excuse to pass resolution • Allows president to control military without Congress • Johnson sends troops • US Air Force
  • 8. Rolling Thunder US Air Force unloads tons of bombs on North Vietnam
  • 9. Guerrilla Warfare• Vietcong: South Vietnamese communists o Fight US with guerrilla tactics o Hide in dense forests o Supplied by Ho Chi Minh Trail• US use bombs, napalm, Agent Orange• North Vietnamese Army (NVA)• Army of Republic of Vietnam (ARVN) o US backed South Vietnamese army o Desert in increasing numbers after US involvement
  • 10. Ho Chi Minh Trail
  • 11. Tet Offensive • Vietcong, NVA join forces • Attack Urban centers • Try to spark rebellion • US, South eventually halt
  • 12. US Attitudes• Draft• Tet Offensive o Thought US winning• Anti-war protestors o Protest casualties o 500,000 people march on Washington• Conservative support
  • 13. Nixons Vietnamization • US offers training, equipment to South Vietnam • US soldiers presence gradually reduced • Fails with corrupt officers, lack ofNixon announces troop withdrawals motivation
  • 14. End of War• Paris Peace Talks result in a fragile peace• Broken with North offensive- sweep across South• Saigon falls- later becomes Ho Chi Minh City
  • 15. Effects of the Vietnam War1. Casualties North Vietnam South Vietnam United States Soldiers Killed 1,100,000 223,748 58,219 Soldiers 600,000 1,169,763 304,704 Wounded Civilians Killed 2,000,000 415,000 N/A2. Vietnam devastated• Bombing destroys cities• Chemical warfare leads to starvation• 1.5 million refugees
  • 16. Effects (cont.)3. United States• Disillusionment with government• Less militaristic foreign policy• Veterans face hostility4. New Communist Regimes•Cambodias Khmer Rouge and Pol Pot kill 1 million "bourgeoisie" in communist revolt• Laos• Motivated by US attacks during war