Web BrowserA software application that allows you to access resources on the internet.There are several choices available.
Parts of a Web BrowserForward and Back buttons: Take you a page forward and a page back.Address bar: Shows you the URL (web address) you are currently visiting.You can type custom URLs in order to navigate to a new website.Display Window: The space where you view the website.Refresh button: Refreshes the current page.Favorites/Bookmarks button: Shows your favorites/bookmarks will alsohave an option to view your browsing history.Settings/Tools/Options button: Will allow you to change settings relatedto your browsers behavior.
Web Address - URL Dictionary.comIt’s an address to help you locate resources (like webpages) on the web.Every website has a URL.
The Domain http://collegiateschool.org/The domain tells the browser what network we are trying to initiatecontact with.Although the domain is used like an address (or phone number) its morelike a persons name. You cannot call a person by dialing their name on aphone instead you’ll have to look up their phone number in the yellowpages. Domains are not the final destination the final destination isdetermined by an IP address (phone number).A DNS server acts as a phone book and looks up a websites IP addressusing the website’s domain. Using the IP address of a website (ornetwork) your computer can initiate communication.
Domain Names http://collegiateschool.org/Hierarchy descends from right to left.Top-level domains .com .org .net .usGeneric - .com .org .netorCountry – .uk .fr. .ca .ru .usSecond-level domainsDomain names that can be created with a custom name like that ofa company. Sometimes they are used to complement a Top-leveldomain as is the case with bbc.co.uk .There can also be third-level, forth-level, and even further levels.
HTTP http://collegiateschool.org/http: - HTTP - Hypertext Transport Protocol• Indicates what protocol the URL will be using to deliver the information from the server to a user.• Without HTTP your computer would not know how to handle the information it is receiving.
HTTPS?What’s this other version of HTTP the one with the “S”? https://www.collegiateschool.org/podium/The S stands for secure.You’ll notice that banking and email websites will use HTTPS.HTTP uses less resources (meaning lower cost) then HTTPS so most sites will useHTTP unless they have information that needs to be secure.Many websites let you use both depending how you type the URL. If you type HTTPSyou will be taken to the secure version of the site. Websites that need to be securealways redirect you to their HTTPS site.
Downloads/UploadsTerminology that only pertains to computer networks (not devices).Whenever you are receiving data you are downloading the data.Whenever you are sending data your are uploading data.The two should can not be used interchangeably.When you use a browser your browser downloads the data from the webserver of the site you are visiting and presents it in the display window.
Cookies and CacheCookies are data that a web site can save onyour computer to retrieve later.This information can be used by the site toremember information like the last user whologged in.Cache is data like pictures that is saved byyour browser to make sites load quicker.Every once and a while you will want to clearyour cookies and cache.As websites are updated this informationmay cause them to render incorrectly.http://support.microsoft.com/kb/278835/
Google SearchingCheck out:http://static.googleusercontent.com/external_content/untrusted_dlcp/www.google.com/en/us/educators/downloads/Tips_Tricks_85x11.pdf
Searching SafelyYou can sometimes tell a website is unsafe by its URL. If the URL issuspicious don’t click!Things that will give the website away are an incorrect top leveldomain or certificate error.You can also install a add-in like WOT to alert you if a site is unsafe.Clicking on a thumbnail on a Google image search will take youdirectly to the website where that image is hosted that site can infectyour computer with a virus.An alternative can be searching with a site like picsearch.com wherethe images are more closely filtered.