Poison prevention act of 1970
to reduce accidental poisoning
requires most OTC and prescriptions be packaged in
child resistant containers.
this means 80% of kids under 5 cannot open and 90%
of adults can open.
exceptions--single time dispense
requested by patient in writing
OTC must have different size for elderly with warning
drugs for institutionalized patients if dispensed by employee
inhalation aerosols, contraceptives taken cyclically, prednisone
under 105mg/package, sublingual nitroglycerin
Occupational Safety and Health act of 1970
ensure job safety and health standards
reporting for job-related injury and illness
reduce workplace hazards
audits to ensure compliance
covers air contaminants, flammable,
liquids, eye/skin protection.
requires MSDS (material safety data sheet)
provided by seller
Drug listing act of 1972
each drug gets 11 digit number for identification.
NDC number (national drug code)
next 4= drug product
final 2= package size and packaging
Orphan drug act of 1983
orphan drugs=medication for rare cases.
under 200,000 worldwide cases.
tax incentives and exclusive licensing for
Drug price competition and patient term
restoration act of 1984
encourage new and generic creation by streamlining
the process for generic drug approval and extending
Prescription drug marketing act of 1987
prohibits reimportation of a drug into US except by
drug samples distributed only by prescriber request.
requires label on veterinary drugs.
Ominbus budget reconciliation act of 1987
Medicare and Medicaid revisions for long term care
facilities and pharmacy.
residents must be free of unnecessary medications.
no antipsychotics unless patient has specific condition.
need diagnosis for antipsychotic indication.
must use drug holidays and behavioral modification to
see if drug can be discontinued.
long term care facilities must have consultant
no significant medication errors.
medications stored and locked according to laws.