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Presentation at Agua2009, November 2009 in Cali, Colombia. Cecilia Oman.

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  1. 1. SCIENTIFIC CAPACITY STRENGTHENING FOR WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT FACING CLIMATE CHANGE Cecilia Öman Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden International Foundation for Science
  2. 2. Content Local strategies Ownership Monitoring and evaluation Scientific capacity strengthening activities
  3. 3. The Water Cycle
  4. 4. Cleaner Development Mechanism CDM Subsidising investments to decrease emissions of carbon dioxide
  5. 5. Challenge one Developing countries lack institutional and economic capacity to cope with climate change impacts and to rebuild the infrastructure damaged by natural disasters Dependent on external aid when affected by a natural disaster, developing countries are Lack the resources to carry out adaptation studies and to implement the strategies emerging from these studies Cecilia Öman
  6. 6. Carbon credit Trading system between industrialised countries and developing countries One carbon credit equals one ton of carbon dioxide emitted Value on the spot market (10-25€/carbon credit) Cecilia Öman
  7. 7. Eligibility Qualified countries are those who signed the Kyoto protocol Qualified project are those where the owner can show that the carbon credits are required to fund the necessary investments Thus the investment are not economical sound without the subsidizing of carbon credits Cecilia Öman
  8. 8. Typical CDM projects Wind mill farms Small Hydropower plants Different furnaces cement and steel industry Collection and energy production of biogas from landfills … and all those projects would not been invested in unless subsidized by carbon credits Cecilia Öman
  9. 9. Sustainable local strategy Local strategies builds on Identifying priorities, providing information, research Change in behaviour builds on Ownership, motivation Sutstainability requires Monitoring and evaluation Scientific capacity can be efficiently strengthened Through a well defined program of activities Cecilia Öman
  10. 10. Local strategies
  11. 11. Target Access to • high quality technology • at all levels Well defined roles • implementation of and responsibilities adaptation strategies Dissemination of • regional, national, local information • climate change, adaptation
  12. 12. Local strategies Science-based analysis and modeling Provide communities with local information Identify priorities for climate change adaptation planning
  13. 13. Local information Changing temperatures Precipitation patterns Glacial recession Changing stream and river flows Cecilia Öman
  14. 14. Address stakeholders High-level especially targeted policy makers Sectoral level more likely to mainstream policy makers, adaptation to climate planners and change into on-going and managers planned work National and international share their knowledge with decision makers experts and and planners researchers
  15. 15. Local strategy participatory approach 1. The relevant stakeholders from the most vulnerable sectors of the economy and regions within the country are involved 2. High-level policy makers are aware of the importance of the issue 3. The general public is made more aware about the issues 4. Special focus is given to the most vulnerable regions and populations within each country 5. All relevant institutions within the government as well as civil society need to be made aware of the problem and their respective roles in dealing with it Cecilia Öman
  16. 16. Local strategy requirements Research supported in-country All relevant Research results stakeholders translated into involved - language and time information must scales be adapted relevant for stakeholders
  17. 17. To seek the good solutions and be flexible to meet well a variety of challenges... Grasp opportunitites
  18. 18. Change in behavior, ownership
  19. 19. change in behavior support required
  20. 20. Elements of ownership 1. Decision for action to change is based on how the problem is perceive 2. Motivation for change is high if the advantages are important than the disadvantages 3. Motivation varies between countries and stakeholder Cecilia Öman
  21. 21. 3 Pillars Participatory approach involving all stakeholders Appropriate technology equipment, infrastructure Financial mechanism autonomous financial resources Cecilia Öman
  22. 22. 3 Pillars Financial Mechanism
  23. 23. Policy & strategy Institutional environment Management Development Financial Mechanism
  24. 24. Monitoring and evaluation
  25. 25. Outcome mapping Focuses on Outcomes Changes in behavior towards which the planned intervention is contributing Cecilia Öman
  26. 26. Cecilia Öman
  27. 27. Scientific capacity strengthening
  28. 28. IFS support strategy Initiate new Generate scientific results research Inform Follow-up and implement
  29. 29. Major constraints for research in developing countries as identified by 700 researchers Lack of funds Nonavailability of research equipment Poor library facilities Lack of competent support staff Low salaries / lack of incentives Heavy teaching and administration load Lack of transportation 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 % from Gaillard, J.; Tullberg, A. F. Questionnaire survey of African scientists - IFS grantees and INCO beneficiaries. Report No 2, IFS MESIA Impact Studies, International Foundation for Science, Stockholm, Sweden, 2001
  30. 30. Funds
  31. 31. IFS support for fundraising 1. Workshops develop scientific research proposal for funding scientific methodology 2. Project proposal reviewed 10 international senior researchers 3. Workshop for revision of research proposals 4. Research grants Cecilia Öman
  32. 32. Equipment and Support staff
  33. 33. IFS equipment support Research grant for procuring equpiment Support procurement Support universities procurement, maintenance, repair training on use, maintenance and repair of equipment equipment management strengthening program PRISM Cecilia Öman
  34. 34. Literature
  35. 35. Literature Training courses Finding literarture on internet Developing a literature review In collaboration with INASP, OARE, HINARI, AGORA Cecilia Öman
  36. 36. Transportation to field sites Research grant for visit field sites Cecilia Öman
  37. 37. Generation of scientific results Training courses good sampling and laboratory practices statistical methods and experimental designs equipment use and maintenance Thematic workshops Mobilising networks Cecilia Öman
  38. 38. Dissemination and implementation Training courses oral presentations, posters, scientific papers Funds to participation in scientific conferences Workshops – platform for communication researchers, policy-makers, public, private sector, development organisations, media Cecilia Öman
  39. 39. Gender balance among scientists 1. Networking 2. Role-models 3. Fair recognition in relation to merits 4. Tools for how to manage work career and family management Cecilia Öman
  40. 40. “The unbalanced distribution of scientific activity in the world generates serious problems not only for the scientific community in the developing countries, but for development itself” Koffi Annan Previous Secretary-General of the United Nations
  41. 41. Summary Local strategies builds on Identifying priorities, providing information, research Change in behaviour builds on Ownership, motivation Sutstainability requires Monitoring and evaluation Scientific capacity can be efficiently strengtened Through a well defined program of activities Cecilia Öman
  42. 42. Acknowledgement Ana Dorly Jaramillo Paola Vasquez Centro Regional de Producción Más Limpia
  43. 43. Thank you for your attention! “Strengthening Capacity for Water Resources Research in Countries with Vulnerable Scientific Infrastructure”