Indo-Ganges Basin Focal Project
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Indo-Ganges Basin Focal Project

on

  • 1,522 views

Presented at the Basin Focal Project Review meeting in Cali, Colombia from 1-5 Feb, 2008

Presented at the Basin Focal Project Review meeting in Cali, Colombia from 1-5 Feb, 2008

Statistics

Views

Total Views
1,522
Views on SlideShare
1,521
Embed Views
1

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
20
Comments
0

1 Embed 1

http://www.slideshare.net 1

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Adobe PDF

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

Indo-Ganges Basin Focal Project Indo-Ganges Basin Focal Project Presentation Transcript

  • IGB- Basin Focal Project Project Leader: Peter McCornick
  • Outline 1. Brief overview of IGB 2. What we know on Poverty, Water availability and Access and Water productivity in IGB? 3. What IGB BFP work packages will do? Note: Details presented here may change following the inception workshop, scheduled for March 18-19th in Kathmandu
  • IGB profile • Basin Area: 225 million-ha • Population (2001): 747 million • Percentage rural population (2001) – India: 75 – Pakistan: 68 – Bangladesh: 80 – Nepal: 86 • Percentage of population below poverty line (2000) : 30.5% High Potential • Net cropped area: 114 mha. Low Prod cti it Lo Productivity • Water W t use in agriculture: i i lt 91.4% 91 4%
  • SOME NUTS AND BOLTS • Very large basins, so we have to be realistic • Data, or lack thereof, especially hydrology data in the p y y gy Ganges, presents a challenge • Broad brush overview in the first “phase” and then p focus down to two or three “sub-basins” -- to be finalized at inception meeting. p g
  • WORK PACKAGES WP1 – Water Poverty Analysis WP2 – Analysis of Water Availability and Access WP3 – Analysis of Agricultural Water Productivity WP4 – Institutional Analysis WP5 – Intervention Analysis WP6 – Development & Application of the Knowledge Base
  • INTERLINKAGES & INTEGRATION OF WORKPACKAGES Basin scale Production Hydrology Poverty Systems Crops Income Livestock Livelihood Fish Water AgroForestry Accounting Geographical Geographical Spatially disaggregated disaggregation disaggregation water balance Institutional (Water &) Water Productivity Analysis Poverty Analysis Factors of Land and Water Productivity, and P d Poverty t Potential Interventions
  • What we know on IGB WP 1: Water Poverty Analysis • National estimates are available • Regional estimates are available using HCES or HLSS surveys – India: State/regions – Pakistan: Provinces/Districts – Bangladesh: Bangladesh D str cts Districts – Nepal: Regions • Small area estimates are available for some countries • Compatibility of data/estimates are issues to address
  • Sub-national rural poverty in India State level headcount ratio (of India %) 1983-1984 1993-1994 River basin boundaries Headcount ratio (%) 0-5 5 - 10 10 - 15 15 - 20 20 - 25 25 - 30 30 - 35 35 - 40 40 - 45 2005 2006 2005-2006 45 - 50 1999-2000 50 - 55 55 - 70 • Regional to district level estimates are available • District level accuracy ???
  • Questions? 1. Where are the poor? 2. What is the contribution from agriculture (or non-agriculture) economic activities to poverty alleviation? 3. What i ti l linkages of A il bilit A 3 Wh t is extent of spatial li k t t f f Availability, Access and d Quality of Water in conjunction with other assets (Land, wealth, skills, demography and access to infrastructure) for productive agriculture or non-agriculture economic activities and hence poverty alleviation? 4. 4 What are the determinants of decreasing poverty in IGB? 5. What were the patterns of agrarian transformation, linkages p g , g with gender equality and women empowerment, and linkages with poverty alleviation?
  • IGB BFP – Work package 1 work plan WP 1: Water Poverty Analysis 2008 2009 Primary responsibility/ Partners 1.1. Sub national poverty maps of IGB Nov Upali, Samad, Alan, Samad Alan Hakeem, Dhurba, ICAR 1.2. Spatial linkages of Water, Land p g , Oct Upali, p , and agriculture and incidence of Samad, Alan, poverty and determinants of Hakeem, Dhurba, poverty alleviation in IGB ICAR 1.3 Agrarian transformation, gender Oct Samad, equality and empowerment and poverty q y p p y ICAR, Hakeem alleviation in IGB
  • What we know on IGB WP2: Analysis of Water Availability and Access IGB countries TRWR Per capita water resources (m3/person) 3 (km ) 1990 2000 2025 2050 India 1985 2352 1971 1429 1254 Pakistan 223 2008 1561 892 639 Bangladesh 105 960 761 504 412 Nepal 210 11121 8934 5556 4137 IGB basins b i TRWR P capita water resources (m3/ Per it t ( /person) ) 3 (km ) 1990 2000 2025 2050 Indus- India 97 2487 2109 1590 1732 Indus- Pakistan 190 1713 1332 761 545 Ganga - India 663 1831 1490 969 773
  • Access to water: Extent of irrigated and rainfed areas Net irrigated area - % of net sown area • Substantial part of IGB is irrigated • District level data are available River basin boundaries State boundaries NIA - % of NSA 0 - 10 10 - 25 25 - 40 40 - 55 55 - 75 75 - 100
  • Access to water: Sources of irrigation supply Net canal irrigated area - % of Net irrigated area Net groundwater irrigated area - % of Net irrigated area River basin boundaries Riber basin boundaries Net surface irrigated area - Net groundwater irrigated % of NIA area - % of NIA f 0 - 10 0 - 10 10 - 25 10 - 25 25 - 50 25 - 50 50 - 75 50 - 75 75 - 100 75 - 100
  • Water Use Water withdrawals (km3) 11[4%] 2 2, 2 2% Irrigation - 17 [6%] [2%] Surface D&I - 125 Surface [44%] 37 [38%] Irrigation - 131 57 Groundwater [46%] [58%] D&I Groundwater Ganga basin g Indus basin • Canal and Groundwater withdrawal data for Pakistan-Indus are available
  • Water Accounting of Indus and Ganga basins Water Availability in the Ganga Basin Not Not- Utilizable 250 km3 [36%] Utilizable - 275 km3 422 km3 Over Surface [39%] [61%] lap 34 km3 Utilizable - 3 172 km Groundwater [25%] Water accounting in Ganga basin Unutilized PUWR Process 26% 248 km 3 evaporation 174 km 3 [60%] [41%] Non-process 5% evaporation 9% Unutilized return flows
  • IGB BFP – Work package 2 work plan WP 2: Water Availability and 2008 2009 Primary responsibility/ access analysis l i Partners 2.1 Water 2 1 W t accounting of IGB basins (in ti f b i (i Oct O t Luna L n all three countries) Bharat, ICAR 2.2. Details water balances for few sub- Oct Luna basins Bharat, ICAR Water availability vs. demand for current water use will be compared with the past as well as future water use scenarios
  • What we know about WP 3in IGB Water productivity of grains (kg/ m3 of consumptive water use) • Time series data of irrigation/rainfed cropping patterns area available • Can estimate water productivity variation of cereal/ grain crops over time State boundaries River basin boundaries Water productivity (kg/m3) 0.001 - 0.15 0.15 - 0.35 0.35 - 0.5 0.5 - 0.65 0.65 - 0.9 0.9 - 1.281
  • What we know about WP 3in IGB? Contribution of yield and CWU to water productivity Irrigated yield versus consumptive water use of grains crops at the district level 7.0 6.0 5.0 ield (ton/ha) 4.0 3.0 Yi 2.0 1.0 0.0 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 Consumptive water use (mm)
  • IGB BFP – Work package 3 work plan WP 3: Water Productivity analysis 2008 2009 Primary responsibility/ Partners P t 3.1. Spatial variations agriculture Nov Mobin/Bharat water productivity for Indus and Alan, Hakim, ICIAR, Ganga Basin G B i Dhruba (use both secondary and RS data) 3.2. Assess spatial linkages with Nov Mobin/Bharat agriculture input, socio-economic and environmental factors and poverty 3.3 Sub basin studies of water Nov Bharat p productivity assessment y m ICAR, Hakim, Alan , ,
  • Expected products of WP 4: WP 4: Institutional Analysis 1. Present an overview of water Institutions and policies in the IGB/countries – Literature synthesis of / Expert interviews etc. 2. Three sub-basin/local studies to assess how pro- poor institutional and policy instruments impacted on: • productivity growth • poverty alleviation • Environment E
  • WP 4 – Case studies Select 2-3 for detail studies: 1. 1 Pro-poor Pro poor Agriculture Water Management (AWM) strategies • Objective: Try to address causality issues of water and poverty that WP 1 cannot address, and suggest water management strategies that can help g g p 2. Energy irrigation nexus • Study policy/institutional instruments for addressing issues in i energy crisis ( i i (use) i agriculture. E t ) in i lt Extension t what i i to h t is known from Tushaar/Aditi studies 3. 3 Institutional requirements for emerging culture fisheries in IGB 4. Under what conditions can international treaties between India and Nepal, Bangladesh can work and benefit both sides
  • IGB BFP – Work package 4 work plan WP 4: Water Institutions analysis 2008 2009 Primary responsibility/ Partners 3.1. Overview of basin institutions Nov Tushaar Aditi, Alan Hakim Aditi Alan, Hakim, 3.2. Case study results Nov Tushaar Aditi, Elena, Alan, Hakim
  • Expected products in WP 5: WP 5: Intervention Analysis 1. 1 Overview of interventions in productivity improvements and poverty alleviation • Physical (infrastructure development), technological, extension, capacity building, building agronomical (practices quality of inputs) (practices, • Study different aspects of interventions • Nature, level (farm, watershed, system), location (agro-climatic zone), procedures of implementation, impacts • Infrastructure development interventions 2. Impact assessment of few interventions using rapid appraisals • Impacts ( I (cost/benefits?) /b fi ?) • Adaptability in other locations • Scaling up issues
  • IGB BFP – Work package 5 work plan WP 5: Intervention analysis 2008 2009 Primary responsibility/ Partners 5.1. Overview of interventions Nov TBD (ICAR), Bharat, Hakeem, Alan, Hakim, Dhruba 5.2. Impact assessment of interventions Nov TBD (ICAR), Bharat, Hakeem Bharat Hakeem, Alan, Hakim, Dhruba
  • Expected products in WP 6: Development of knowledge base 1. Integration of data into IDIS • Adding/improving d t and results t a IGB BFP web page Addi /i i data d lt to b in terms of work packages 2. Workshops • Project dissemination workshop (3) j p
  • IGB BFP – Work package 6 work plan WP 6: Knowledge base 2008 2009 Primary responsibility/ Partners 6.1. IDIS web page for IGB BFP xxxx xxxx Bharat/Matin (IDIS) 6.2. Inception workshop Mar Peter 6.3. 6 3 First year workshop Dec 6.4. Second year mid term workshop Jul 6.5. Final workshop Dec
  • KEY OUTPUTS FROM THE IGB-BFP 1. Inception Report 2. 2 Spatial variation of poverty in IGB 3. Water, land & poverty linkages in IGB 4. Water accounting of the IGB g 5. Water balance for three sub-basins 6. Assessment of Agricultural Water Productivity (AWP) 7. Determination of AWP in three sub-sub-basins 8. Overview of institutions within the IGB 9. Institutions within sub-basins 10. Overview of AWM interventions in the IGB 11. 11 Recommendation on priority interventions 12. Synthesis Report for the IGB BFP
  • IGB BFP To whom are we producing IGB BFP results? • CPWF, CGIAR • Our Partners – Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR)/ – PCAR/BCAR/NCAR • Policy makers at National and State/Provincial levels • System managers • NGO’s/ Civil Society • N i National/International researchers l/I i l h
  • Thank you
  • Poverty trends India Pakistan 60 40 50 Headcount ratio (%) atio (%) Rural 40 30 Rural Total Headcount ra 30 Total 20 Urban 20 Urban 10 10 0 0 1973- 1983 1993- 1999- 2004- 1974 1994 2000 2005 FY93 FY94 FY97 FY99 Source: ADB 2004 based on Planning Commission estimates Source: ADB 2002, based on FBS estimates Nepal Bangladesh 50 60 Rural 40 Head count ratio (%) 50 Rural Total 30 40 Total Urban 30 20 20 10 Urban U b 10 0 0 1995-1996 2003-2004 1883/84 1988/89 1991/92 1995/96 2000 Source: National Planning Commission Secretariate Source: Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics 2002
  • Sun-national Poverty – Pakistan Provinces 1995-1996 2003-2004 Change Punjab 25.2 33.0 31 Northern Punjab 10.3 24.4 137 Central Punjab 27.5 31.0 13 Southern Punjab 31.6 38.9 23 Sindh 24.1 26.6 10 NWFP 35.5 42.6 20 Balochistan 28.6 22.8 -20 Source: ADB 2002 based on Federal Bureau of Statistics 2001
  • Sub-national Poverty in Nepal 1995-1996 2003-2004 Change NLSS regions Katmandu 4.3 3.3 -23 Other urban 31.6 13.0 -59 Rural Western Hills 55.0 37.4 -32 Rural Eastern Hills 36.1 42.9 19 Rural Western Terai 46.1 38.1 -17 Rural EasternTerai 37.2 24.9 -33 Ecological regions Mountains 57.0 32.6 -33 Hills 40.7 34.5 -35 Terai 40.3 27.6 -32
  • Sub-national Poverty in Bangladesh