DISCOVERI G WATER/POVERTY LI KS
 I THE SÃO FRA CISCO RIVER BASI :
          BASIC DATABASE


                 Marcelo Torr...
Poverty in the SFRB




                 SFRB Team, UCD/Embrapa
Rural Poverty in the SFRB



              2003 Rural                        Extreme Poverty-
              Poverty       ...
Spatial Clusters of Rural Poverty in the SFRB




                                           Cluster 1
    Cluster 3

    ...
Poverty
• % Poor and extremely poor 1991 and 2000 (IPEADATA/UNDP)
     Definition: percentage of people living in a househ...
Geographic/Precipitation
•   Latitude (IBGE)
•   Longitude (IBGE)
•   Altitude (IBGE)
•   Area in sq meters (IBGE)
•   Slo...
Income, Income Inequality
                 and HDI

• Per capita Income 1991 and 2000
  (IPEADATA/UNDP)
• Value of the ave...
Demographics

• Total, Urban and Rural Population 1991 and
  2000 (IBGE)
• Life Expectancy 1991 and 2000 (IBGE)
• Under Fi...
Education

• Average Years of Education (population over
  25), 1991 and 2000 (IBGE)
• Percentage of Chidren 7-14 in schoo...
Endowments
• Labor
   – Number of people 10 years old or more that are
     economically active 1991 and 2000. (IBGE)
• La...
Transportation and
           Access to Markets


• Distance to the Federal Capital (IPEA)
• Distance to the state capital...
Access to Water

• Percentage of people that uses the water utility
  network as the main source, 2000 (IBGE)
  – Total, U...
Access to Basic Sanitation

• Percentage of people that that live in a household
  connected to water utility sanitation n...
Land Cover

Number of hectares in 1980,85 and 95 (IBGE):
• in pasture
• in permanent crops
• in annual crops
• in annual c...
Agricultural Yields, Crop Mix, and
                   Scale
• Yields (tons/hectare) on “poor” crops: corn, rice, beans and...
Ag-Production Value and Livestock

• Value of Ag-Production, 1991-2003, (PAM/IBGE).
• Value of Livestock Production, 1991-...
Water Availability

                        Pm    CAm     
             waim = ln              2 
                    ...
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Discovering water poverty links in the Sao Francisco river basin-basic database

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Presented at the Basin Focal Project Poverty Mapping Workshop, November 2007, Chiang Mai, Thailand

Published in: Education, Technology
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Discovering water poverty links in the Sao Francisco river basin-basic database

  1. 1. DISCOVERI G WATER/POVERTY LI KS I THE SÃO FRA CISCO RIVER BASI : BASIC DATABASE Marcelo Torres & SFRB Team September 2007 SFRB Team, UCD/Embrapa
  2. 2. Poverty in the SFRB SFRB Team, UCD/Embrapa
  3. 3. Rural Poverty in the SFRB 2003 Rural Extreme Poverty- Poverty Rural Poverty Rural % of % of Rural Rural Absolute Pop Absolute Pop Total for 1,012,09 SFRB 5 28% 345,677 9% Alagoas 163,307 41% 70,400 2.6% Bahía 328,313 23% 139,941 9.7% Goiás 7,792 21% 2,846 7.5% Minas Gerais 178,006 22% 43,214 5.3% Pernambuco 258,004 37% 53,484 7.6% Sergipe 48,635 37% 19,603 14.9% SFRB Team, UCD/Embrapa
  4. 4. Spatial Clusters of Rural Poverty in the SFRB Cluster 1 Cluster 3 Cluster 2 ot Significant Low - Low High-High High-Low Low-High SFRB Team, UCD/Embrapa
  5. 5. Poverty • % Poor and extremely poor 1991 and 2000 (IPEADATA/UNDP) Definition: percentage of people living in a household in which the monthly income per capita was below ½ (poor) and ¼ (extremely poor) of the minimum wage. • Intensity of Poverty 1991 and 2000 (IPEADATA/UNDP) Definition: difference between average monthly income and the poverty line in percentage terms. • % Poor and extremely poor 2003 (IPEA/FIPE) – Rural, Urban and Total • Definition: Extremely Poor - Percentage of people leaving in a household in which the monthly income per-capita is insufficient to buy a basket of goods that provide minimum caloric content. • Poor - Percentage of people that leave in a household in which the monthly income per-capita is sufficient to buy the minimum calorie basket of goods, but not sufficient to cover minimum costs with housing, transportation, health etc. SFRB Team, UCD/Embrapa
  6. 6. Geographic/Precipitation • Latitude (IBGE) • Longitude (IBGE) • Altitude (IBGE) • Area in sq meters (IBGE) • Slope, 1 km grid (GTOPO30) – Mean and Standard Deviation • Precipitation (IWMI) – Mean and Standard Deviation over a given number of years SFRB Team, UCD/Embrapa
  7. 7. Income, Income Inequality and HDI • Per capita Income 1991 and 2000 (IPEADATA/UNDP) • Value of the average monthly household income in Brazilian Reais, 2000 - Total, Urban and Rural (IBGE) • Gini Coefficient 1991 and 2000 (IBGE) • Human Development Index 1991 and 2000 (IPEADATA/UNDP) SFRB Team, UCD/Embrapa
  8. 8. Demographics • Total, Urban and Rural Population 1991 and 2000 (IBGE) • Life Expectancy 1991 and 2000 (IBGE) • Under Five Mortality Rate 1991 and 2000 (IBGE) • Dependency Ratio in 2000 - Total, Urban and Rural (IBGE). • (People 0<15 and >59+)/(People 15-59) SFRB Team, UCD/Embrapa
  9. 9. Education • Average Years of Education (population over 25), 1991 and 2000 (IBGE) • Percentage of Chidren 7-14 in school, 1991 and 2000 (IBGE) SFRB Team, UCD/Embrapa
  10. 10. Endowments • Labor – Number of people 10 years old or more that are economically active 1991 and 2000. (IBGE) • Land – Number of hectares owned, shared, simply occupied, rented, 1995 (IBGE). • Human Capital – Difference between the discounted expected present value of income associated with education and the income generated by a person without education and experience. 1980, 1991 and 2000 (IPEADATA/UNDP/IBGE). • Rural Credit – Total value of rural credit (marketing, investment and inputs) provided by the financial institutions of the municipio in the year of 2000 to 2004. (Brazilian Central Bank) SFRB Team, UCD/Embrapa
  11. 11. Transportation and Access to Markets • Distance to the Federal Capital (IPEA) • Distance to the state capital (IPEA) SFRB Team, UCD/Embrapa
  12. 12. Access to Water • Percentage of people that uses the water utility network as the main source, 2000 (IBGE) – Total, Urban and Rural • Percentage of people that uses water from wells and springs as the main source, 2000 (IBGE) – Total, Urban and Rural SFRB Team, UCD/Embrapa
  13. 13. Access to Basic Sanitation • Percentage of people that that live in a household connected to water utility sanitation network, 2000 (IBGE) – Total, Urban and Rural • Percentage of people that uses septic tanks, 2000 (IBGE) – Total, Urban and Rural • Percentage of people with no bathrooms/no toilettes, 2000 (IBGE). – Total, Urban and Rural SFRB Team, UCD/Embrapa
  14. 14. Land Cover Number of hectares in 1980,85 and 95 (IBGE): • in pasture • in permanent crops • in annual crops • in annual crops recess • in natural forests • unsuitable for agriculture • Productive but not used SFRB Team, UCD/Embrapa
  15. 15. Agricultural Yields, Crop Mix, and Scale • Yields (tons/hectare) on “poor” crops: corn, rice, beans and manioc, 1991-2003, (PAM/IBGE). – Yearly mean, variance and average growth rate • Number of hectares (gross planted area) in grains and in specialty crops (fruits and vegetables), 1991-2003, (PAM/IBGE). – Yearly average growth rate • Total hectares used in agriculture (gross planted area), 1991-2003, (PAM/IBGE) – Yearly mean and average growth rate SFRB Team, UCD/Embrapa
  16. 16. Ag-Production Value and Livestock • Value of Ag-Production, 1991-2003, (PAM/IBGE). • Value of Livestock Production, 1991-2003, (PPM/IBGE) • Livestock (number of heads per type of livestock), 1991-2003, (PPM/IBGE) SFRB Team, UCD/Embrapa
  17. 17. Water Availability  Pm CAm  waim = ln  2   Em slopem ∆x  • Pm is the precipitation, • Em is the potential evapotranspiration, • CAm is the upstream catchments area, • slopem is the local slope and • ∆x is the dimension of the cell size for area m, which analysis is being done. SFRB Team, UCD/Embrapa

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