National Child Passenger Safety Certification Training Program
National Child Passenger Safety Certification Training Prog...
Module 4 Objectives
• Identify federal standards related to seat belts.
• Name types of seat belts and seat belt parts.
• ...
FMVSS 208
• M Y 1996: All
passenger seat belt
systems must lock to
secure car seats.

• 2008: Lap-andshoulder belts are
re...
Lap Belts & Lap-and-Shoulder Seat Belts

4-4
Seat Belt Parts

Buckle

Retractor

Anchor

Webbing

Latchplate

4-5
Locking Latchplate

4-6
Locking Latchplate (continued)

4-7
Switchable Latchplate

4-8
Sliding & Sewn-On Latchplates

4-9
Dynamic Locking Latchplate
• Lock the lap-andshoulder belt when
loaded by occupant
during a crash

• Not intended to
provi...
Emergency Locking Retractor

4-11
Automatic Locking Retractor

4-12
Switchable Retractor
• Starts in unlocked
“comfortable” mode

• Switches to a locked
mode

• Most common system to
encount...
When to Use a Locking Clip
• Retractor =
emergency locking

• Latchplate = sliding
• Lap-and-shoulder
belt all one piece o...
Install a Locking Clip

4-15
When to Use a Belt-Shortening Clip
• Retractor = emergency
locking

• Latchplate = sewn-on
• No locking feature (there
may...
Install a Belt-Shortening Clip

4-17
Locking Clip Vs. Belt-Shortening Clip
Locking Clip/Lock-Off

Belt-Shortening Clip

Found on every car seat with a
harness
...
Flip the Latchplate or
Twist the Buckle Stalk

4-19
Key Questions Related to
Seat Belt Systems
• How many child passengers are you
transporting?

• What are their ages and we...
Key Questions Related to
Seat Belt Systems (continued)
• Do the seat belts in the vehicle have a locking
feature (vehicles...
Install a Car Seat with a Locking Latchplate

4-22
Install a Car Seat with an
Automatic Locking Retractor

4-23
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Mod4 jan2014 wmv

  1. 1. National Child Passenger Safety Certification Training Program National Child Passenger Safety Certification Training Program Module 4 Seat Belt Systems 4-1
  2. 2. Module 4 Objectives • Identify federal standards related to seat belts. • Name types of seat belts and seat belt parts. • Describe types of latchplates. • Describe types of retractors. • Locate latchplates and retractors. • Identify approved additional locking steps. • Explain best practices about seat belt systems to caregivers. 4-2
  3. 3. FMVSS 208 • M Y 1996: All passenger seat belt systems must lock to secure car seats. • 2008: Lap-andshoulder belts are required in all seating positions. 4-3
  4. 4. Lap Belts & Lap-and-Shoulder Seat Belts 4-4
  5. 5. Seat Belt Parts Buckle Retractor Anchor Webbing Latchplate 4-5
  6. 6. Locking Latchplate 4-6
  7. 7. Locking Latchplate (continued) 4-7
  8. 8. Switchable Latchplate 4-8
  9. 9. Sliding & Sewn-On Latchplates 4-9
  10. 10. Dynamic Locking Latchplate • Lock the lap-andshoulder belt when loaded by occupant during a crash • Not intended to provide locking of seat belt for a car seat 4-10
  11. 11. Emergency Locking Retractor 4-11
  12. 12. Automatic Locking Retractor 4-12
  13. 13. Switchable Retractor • Starts in unlocked “comfortable” mode • Switches to a locked mode • Most common system to encounter in field • Once switched to automatic locking mode, belt will only shorten 4-13
  14. 14. When to Use a Locking Clip • Retractor = emergency locking • Latchplate = sliding • Lap-and-shoulder belt all one piece of webbing 4-14
  15. 15. Install a Locking Clip 4-15
  16. 16. When to Use a Belt-Shortening Clip • Retractor = emergency locking • Latchplate = sewn-on • No locking feature (there may or may not be a separate shoulder belt) 4-16
  17. 17. Install a Belt-Shortening Clip 4-17
  18. 18. Locking Clip Vs. Belt-Shortening Clip Locking Clip/Lock-Off Belt-Shortening Clip Found on every car seat with a harness Purchased from auto dealer Used with lap-shoulder belt with emergency locking retractor and sliding latchplate Used on lap portion of seat belt with emergency locking retractor and sewn-on latchplate Used only on seat belt with retractor as backup Used in place of retractor: no retractor backup available NEVER used to replace belt-shortening clip or to shorten a seat belt Can be used in place of locking clip 4-18
  19. 19. Flip the Latchplate or Twist the Buckle Stalk 4-19
  20. 20. Key Questions Related to Seat Belt Systems • How many child passengers are you transporting? • What are their ages and weights? • What types of seat belt systems are in the vehicle? • Are the seat belt systems – buckle, retractor, anchors, webbing, and latchplate – in good working order? 4-20
  21. 21. Key Questions Related to Seat Belt Systems (continued) • Do the seat belts in the vehicle have a locking feature (vehicles since 1996)? • Does the seat belt lock at the latchplate or the retractor? • What are the latchplate and retractor types? 4-21
  22. 22. Install a Car Seat with a Locking Latchplate 4-22
  23. 23. Install a Car Seat with an Automatic Locking Retractor 4-23
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