Mod2 ppt jan2014 mp4


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Mod2 ppt jan2014 mp4

  1. 1. National Child Passenger Safety Technician Renewal Testing Course National Child Passenger Safety Technician Renewal Testing Course Module 2 CPS Updates 2-1
  2. 2. Module 2 Objectives • Identify state-specific occupant restraint laws and local CPS resources. • Describe technical changes and trends in the child passenger safety field. 2-2
  3. 3. Module 1: Program Introduction • Training program goals • Course completion requirements • Updated statistics on use of car seats, booster seats, and seat belts 2-3
  4. 4. Module 2: The CPS Technician’s Role Emphasis is on the Learn, Practice, Explain model. LEARN the facts/skills/information. Seek ways to stay updated. Then … PRACTICE your new skills and share information. EXPLAIN (teach) what you have learned to caregivers. The focus is on CPS Technicians as educators, NOT installers. 2-4
  5. 5. The caregiver always makes the choice about the transport of their child. CPS Technicians can never support a caregiver in either breaking the law or going against manufacturer instructions. When the caregiver does not make the safe choice, document it on your Check Form. 2-5
  6. 6. CPS Technician Role • Identify the best way to transport a child safely, according to manufacturer instructions. • Explain best practice – gold standard of protection based on child’s age, height, weight, and developmental levels – to caregiver. • Often, when caregivers do not understand the reason for it, they do not choose the best practice. As a CPS Technician, it is your job to know the reason and explain it to the caregiver in simple, clear terms. 2-6
  7. 7. Module 3: Injury Prevention & Crash Dynamics Weight X Speed = Restraining Force •Vehicle going 40 mph would hit a tree with same force as hitting ground after falling off a 50-foot cliff •Person inside the vehicle would hit windshield with same force as hitting ground after a fall from a 5-story building 2-7
  8. 8. Module 3: Injury Prevention & Crash Dynamics (continued) Car seats, booster seats, and seat belts prevent injury. •Keep people in the vehicle. •Contact the strongest parts of the body. •Spread forces over a wide area of the body. •Help the body to slow or "ride down" the crash forces. •Protect the head, brain, and spinal cord. 2-8
  9. 9. Module 4: Seat Belt Systems • Updated federal standard information • Types of latchplates and retractors Buckle Retractor Anchor Webbing Latchplate 2-9
  10. 10. Types of Latchplates Locking Switchable Sliding Sewn-On 2-10
  11. 11. Dynamic Locking Latchplate – NEW • Currently located in front seat of some vehicles • Lock the lap-andshoulder belt when loaded by occupant during a crash • Not intended to provide locking of seat belt for a car seat 2-11
  12. 12. Types of Retractors • Emergency Locking • Automatic Locking • Switchable Switchable Retractor 2-12
  13. 13. When to Use a Locking Clip • Retractor = emergency locking • Latchplate = sliding • Lap-and-shoulder belt all one piece of webbing 2-13
  14. 14. Install a Locking Clip 2-14
  15. 15. When to Use a Belt-Shortening Clip • Retractor = emergency locking • Latchplate = sewn-on • No locking feature (there may or may not be a separate shoulder belt) 2-15
  16. 16. Install a Belt-Shortening Clip 2-16
  17. 17. Module 5: Air Bags This module covers: •Air bags and what you need to know for car seat and booster seat installation. •New information on inflatable seat belts. 2-17
  18. 18. Inflatable Seat Belt • Generally opens in frontal, side, and rollover crashes • Located in shoulder portion of lap-andshoulder seat belt • Has 2 retractors and a sewn-on latchplate • Spreads belt loads over a greater area of chest than standard seat belts • Provides additional head and neck support during a 2-18
  19. 19. Module 6: Lower Anchors & Tethers for CHildren • Use the term LATCH when referring to both lower anchors and tether use. • Always encourage tether use for forward-facing car seats when allowed, whether secured using the seat belt or lower anchor attachments. 2-19
  20. 20. Lower Anchors & Tethers • Both lower anchors and top tether anchors have weight limits set by the vehicle and car seat/booster seat manufacturers. • If different weight limits are listed, the lower limit must be used. • If there are no stated weight limit for vehicle lower anchors or tether anchors, you MUST assume that they may be used until total weight of child and car seat equals 65 pounds. 2-20
  21. 21. Module 7: Introduction to Car Seats & Booster Seats • NHTSA’s FMVSS 213 now provides car seat performance standards for children up to 80 pounds. • NHTSA updated their stages of use and selection recommendations. • Car seats and booster seats should be chosen by child’s age, size, and fit in the vehicle. • Children should be kept in seats for as long as they fit in the manufacturer’s height and weight requirements. 2-21
  22. 22. Birth to 12 Months • A child under 1 should ALWAYS ride in a rearfacing car seat. • Different types of rearfacing car seats: rearfacing-only, convertible, and 3-in-1 2-22
  23. 23. 1 to 3 Years • Children should ride in rear-facing car seats AS LONG AS POSSIBLE. • Remain in a rearfacing car seat until reaching the top height or weight limit allowed by car seat manufacturer. 2-23
  24. 24. 4 to 7 Years Children should be kept in a forward-facing car seat with a harness until they reach top height or weight limit allowed by the manufacturer. 2-24
  25. 25. 8 to 12 Years Children should be kept in booster seats until big enough to properly fit in a seat belt. 2-25
  26. 26. Module 8: Children in Rear-Facing Car Seats • M any seats have extended rear-facing capacity, often 30 pounds or more • There are now 5 steps for correct use: 1. Selection 2. Direction 3. Location 4. Installation 5. Harnessing - NEW 2-26
  27. 27. Module 9: Children in Forward-Facing Car Seats • Many seats have extended forward-facing capability, with harnesses up to 65 or more pounds. • Weight limits on lower anchors and tether anchors can affect the seating position choice. • Check the manuals. When in doubt, secure the car seat using the seat belt rather than the lower attachments. • Encourage tether use whenever possible! 2-27
  28. 28. Module 10: Children in Booster Seats & Seat Belts • Booster Seats: - M ust NEVER be used with just a lap belt. - Are NEVER used on airplanes. - M ay fit children up to 80 or 100+ pounds. • Always consult the booster seat owner’s manual for weight ranges and correct use instructions. 2-28
  29. 29. High-Back & Backless Booster Seats 2-29
  30. 30. Recommendations for Children in Seat Belts Seat belts can be used to safely secure a child when he or she is: •Tall enough to sit without slouching. •Able to keep his or her back against the vehicle seat. •Able to keep his or her knees naturally bent over the edge of the vehicle seat. •Able to keep his or her feet flat on the floor. 2-30
  31. 31. Module 11: CPS in Other Vehicles Basics related to: •Pickup trucks •15-passenger vans •School buses •Airplanes •Emergency transport vehicles 2-31
  32. 32. Module 12: Installation & Communication • Safest seating positions • Appropriate restraints for all occupants • Communicating effectively with caregivers 2-32
  33. 33. Module 13: Closing & Checkup Event • Course Check Form • Requirements for CPST recertification • Preparing for a checkup events • Conducting a checkup event • Debriefing after a checkup event 2-33