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Artificial intelligence
Artificial intelligence
Artificial intelligence
Artificial intelligence
Artificial intelligence
Artificial intelligence
Artificial intelligence
Artificial intelligence
Artificial intelligence
Artificial intelligence
Artificial intelligence
Artificial intelligence
Artificial intelligence
Artificial intelligence
Artificial intelligence
Artificial intelligence
Artificial intelligence
Artificial intelligence
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Artificial intelligence

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  • 1. Boon for INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES…!!!
  • 2. What is Intelligence ? <ul><ul><li>Intelligence is what we use when we don’t know what to do. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>People can recognize intelligence in other people and animals. </li></ul></ul>
  • 3. Features of Intelligence <ul><li>Intelligence requires an ability to </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Perform complex tasks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recognize complex patterns </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Solve unseen problems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learn from experience </li></ul></ul>
  • 4. Features of Intelligence <ul><ul><li>Learn from instruction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use Natural Language: English , French, Dutch, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Be aware of self (consciousness) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use tools </li></ul></ul>
  • 5. What is Artificial Intelligence… <ul><ul><li>Artificial Intelligence is the study of “how to make computers do things which at the moment people do better”. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It aims at Making Computer Intelligent </li></ul></ul>
  • 6. Continued… <ul><ul><li>AI is the study of heuristics, rather than algorithms </li></ul></ul>
  • 7. Algorithm <ul><ul><li>A prescription for solving a given problem, over a defined range of input conditions. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Example: S olving a quadratic equation, or a set of N linear equations involving N variables. </li></ul>
  • 8. Heuristic <ul><ul><li>A rule of thumb, which usually works but may not do so in all circumstances. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Example :- Getting to college in time for a 9.00 a.m. lecture </li></ul>
  • 9. The Turing Thesis <ul><ul><li>There is no functional difference between </li></ul></ul><ul><li>brains and computers. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Any thought process used by a human can, in principle, be programmed into a computer. </li></ul></ul>Alan M. Turing
  • 10. Turing Machine <ul><ul><li>A Turing Machine is a mathematical model of a digital computer running a program. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Alan Turing hypothesized that a TM can perform any arithmetic / logical task that we may specify. TM can perform tasks such as solving equations. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>There is one TM that can simulate all other TMs. (Called the Universal Turing Machine, UTM ) </li></ul></ul>
  • 11. A Big mistake Given enough time and money, science / mathematics can solve any problem.
  • 12. Impossibility <ul><li>There are some tasks that neither people nor computers can do - and never will! </li></ul><ul><li>Types of Impossibility :- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Limitations of the human mind </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Limitations of present-day technology (dynamic) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Limits due to the finite age / size of the Universe </li></ul></ul>
  • 13. Applications Of A.I. <ul><li>Business </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Credit rating and risk assessment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Insurance risk evaluation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fraud detection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Insider dealing detection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Marketing analysis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Signature verification </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inventory control </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Engineering </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Speech recognition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gaming </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Machinery defect diagnosis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Signal processing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Character recognition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Process supervision </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Process fault analysis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Machine vision </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Radar signal classification </li></ul></ul>
  • 14. Applications Of A.I.(Contd..) <ul><ul><li>Security </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Face recognition </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Speaker verification </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fingerprint analysis </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Medicine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>General diagnosis </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Detection of heart defects </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Science </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Recognizing genes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Botanical classification </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bacteria identification </li></ul></ul>
  • 15. Importance Of A.I. <ul><ul><li>AI about creating intelligent entities, with a range of abilities such as language, vision, manipulation/navigation.. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It helps us to break the prism of past experiences and plunge into the large ocean of productivity. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The examples are many and for instance four colour problem. </li></ul></ul>
  • 16. Importance Of A.I.(Contd.) <ul><ul><li>Artificial intelligence has successfully been used in a wide range of fields including medical diagnosis , stock trading , robot control , law , scientific discovery, video games and toys. Frequently, when a technique reaches mainstream use it is no longer considered artificial intelligence, sometimes described as the AI effect .It may also become integrated into artificial life . </li></ul></ul>
  • 17. Application Forecast <ul><ul><li>Future sales </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Production Requirements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Market Performance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Economic Indicators </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy Requirements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Time Based Variables </li></ul></ul>
  • 18. <ul><ul><li>CHANDRA PRAKASH SINGH </li></ul></ul><ul><li>INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY-7TH SEM. </li></ul>

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