3 lte applications for m2 m and smart grid


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3 lte applications for m2 m and smart grid

  1. 1. LTE Applications for M2M and Smart Grid November, 2013 Informação proprietária WxBR
  2. 2. WxBR Company • Founded in 2008 • Shareholders: Padtec (77%) and Icatel (23%) • Expertise focusing on BWA (Broadband Wireless Access) System • Offering Integrated E2E Solutions • Operating in the high technology market, specializing in Wireless Solutions for Broadband Access • Its mission is to develop, industrialize and commercialize innovative products and solutions using broadband access technologies such as LTE, WiMAX and Wi-Fi • Long term R&D program, key wireless technologies LTE/WiMAX/Wi-Fi jointly with CPqD • Located in Campinas City – Technology Center Informação proprietária WxBR
  3. 3. Padtec/Icatel/WxBR • • • • HQ: Campinas/Sao Paulo, SP – Brasil. Regional Offices: São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro and Brasilia Argentina, México, France Italy and Israel Equipments and Solutions deployed in 40+ países. Informação proprietária Wx BR
  4. 4. Customers - 1 Informação proprietária Wx BR
  5. 5. Customers - 2 Informação proprietária WxBR
  6. 6. Motivation for LTE in M2M & Smart Grid Applications Informação proprietária Wx BR
  7. 7. What is M2M ? “ At its most basic level M2M relates to connecting remote sensing, monitoring and actuating devices. However, it is about much more than that. Specifically it concerns enabling new business models and processes through the application of connectivity.” • Increase IT efficiency for business and government. Public and private sector organizations can gain significantly in terms of automated business process management, enterprise resource planning (ERP) and streamlining of customer relationship management (CRM) processes. • Help products gain or maintain a competitive edge. Connectivity can facilitate the addition of new features to products and services. For instance a consumer electronics equipment manufacturer can add a cloud storage solution for a camera, or an insurance company can offer a real-time usage-based insurance solution. The opportunities are endless. • Enabling companies to comply with regulation. Certain national and multi-national (i.e. EU) regulation requires either explicitly (e.g. eCall) or implicitly (e.g. regular utility meter reading) some form of connectivity. These regulated applications provide the strongest growth push for M2M in the next 2-3 years. Source: Machina Research, 2012 Informação proprietária Wx BR
  8. 8. Global M2M connections 2011-22 by technology The Global M2M Market: A USD1.2 trillion opportunity in 2022 Source: Machina Research, 2012 Informação proprietária Wx BR
  9. 9. M2M Data Traffic Forecast Fonte: Cisco Fev/2013 CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate Informação proprietária Wx BR
  10. 10. M2M – More Forecasts...  By 2022 there will be 18 billion M2M connections globally, up from approximately 2 billion today  The biggest sector in 2022 will be intelligent buildings with 37% of all connections, dominated by heating, ventilation and air-conditioning (HVAC) and security systems. Accounting for 32% of connections, the second biggest is consumer electronics, including games consoles, music players, cameras and white goods. These are followed by utilities (10%) and automotive (8%). Short-range technologies will dominate M2M, accounting for 73% of connections in 2022.  Cellular technologies will grow from 146 million devices at the end of 2011 to 2.6 billion at the end of 2022. Today M2M accounts for only around 2% of cellular connections. By 2022 it will account for 22%. Today, M2M is dominated by 2G, in particular GPRS. By 2022 3G and LTE will between them account for almost 90% of connections, driven by requirements for higher bandwidth applications and demand for technology future-proofing. Informação proprietária Wx BR
  11. 11. Smart Grid Market Enablers and Growth Drivers Environmental Factors Growing demand for electricity Governmental Mandates EU plan 20% reduction of energy consumption by 2020 Deregulations (leading to separation of energy transport and energy provider) USA: $4.3 B for direct investment in smart grid through stimulus package China $9.7B investment to deploy AMR/AMI Utility Companies Optimization of distribution infrastructure and prevention of potential black-outs (peak management) More services to end consumer Renewable Energies and E Vehicle Residential solar and solar farm decentralized productions Consumer production sold back to energy provider Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEV) In-Building Customer Comfort e-thermostats, smart and user-friendly displays, home-automation End-customer energy savings (controls when, how, how much) Informação proprietária Wx BR
  12. 12. Key Smart Grid Initiatives Smart Grid - Reduce power consumption through intelligent monitoring and control - Increase power availability through optimized distribution - Improve power reliability and quality - Expand consumer choices for electrical energy - Improve resiliency of electric power grid - Enable easier use of renewable energy and distributed generation source: Freescale/2012 Informação proprietária Wx BR
  13. 13. M2M & Smart Grid Connectivity Options & Challenges  Business Model • Private or Operator Network  Wireless Technology option for Short & Long Range • WiFi, Zigbee, WiMAX, GPRS, 3G, LTE  Frequency Band Option • License-Exempt Frequency Bands (e.g 900 MHz, 2,4 GHz, 5,4 GHz, 5,8 GHz) • Traditional Operators Licensed Bands (e.g. B7 2,5 GHz, B3 1,8 GHz, B5 800 MHz, B13 700 MHz and others) • New Licensed Bands (e.g 450 MHz, 200-400 MHz for Brazil) Informação proprietária Wx BR
  14. 14. M2M & Smart Grid Connectivity Options & Challenges Current cellular systems are designed for human-to-human (H2H): we are not too many users, in the end we tolerate delay/jitter, even for voice connections we like to download a lot, mainly high-bandwidth data we don’t mind to recharge our mobiles on a daily basis (!!!!) we raise alert when mobile is compromised or stolen Accommodation of M2M requires paradigm shift: there will be a lot of M2M nodes, i.e. by orders of magnitude more than humans more and more applications are delay-intolerant, mainly control there will be little traffic per node, and mainly in the uplink nodes need to run autonomously for a long time automated security & trust mechanisms … and all this without jeopardizing current cellular services! Informação proprietária Wx BR
  15. 15. Machine-Type Communication (MTC) Informação proprietária Wx BR
  16. 16. Machine-Type Communication (MTC) - 1 Small data transmissions Mobile originated only or infrequent mobile terminated • Reduction of management control signaling MTC Monitoring • Detect unexpected behavior, movement or loss of connectivity, change of location, failure in communications, etc. • Subscriber should decide which events can be detected by server • In case of event: notify the server or limit services provided by device Priority Alarm (maximum priority among features) • Case of theft or tampering, lack of connectivity, roaming not allowed, etc. • Maximum priority for alarm traffic Secure Connection • Even in the case of a roaming device, secure connection shall be available • The network shall enable the broadcast to a specific group of devices Informação proprietária Wx BR
  17. 17. Machine-Type Communication (MTC) - 2 Low Mobility • Reduce frequency of mobility signaling • Reduce reporting frequency Time Controlled • Combination of allowed and Forbidden periods • Transmission of data during allowed time periods • Avoid signaling out of these periods • Allow transmission during forbidden periods subject to special charges and without priority. Time Tolerant • Applications that can delay transmissions • Useful to avoid the overloading of the network: restrict access to delay tolerant MTCs during congestion periods Informação proprietária Wx BR
  18. 18. Machine-Type Communication (MTC) - 3 Location specific trigger • Location information stored by the operator • Reduction of mobility control signaling Infrequent transmission • The network shall allocate resources only when needed • Apply duty cycling regarding connectivity (attach/detach) Group based policing and addressing • System optimized to handle GROUPS • The system shall be able to apply combined QoS policy for a group of devices • Limit transmission rate (UL and DL) for a group of devices • Broadcast and Multicast to a specific group of devices Informação proprietária Wx BR
  19. 19. LTE in 450 MHz Informação proprietária Wx BR
  20. 20. Initial Motivation for LTE 450 MHz in Brazil (M2M and Smart Grid to come...) Broadband access universalization at Brazilian rural areas (PNBL) • 16% of population living in rural areas (≈ 30 millions) • 94% of families living at rural areas without Internet access (≈ 28.5 millions) • 93% of public schools at rural areas without broadband access (≈ 80,000 schools) • Services demand: telephony, Internet, e-Gov Social and economic Brazilian development in rural areas • Favorable regulatory scenario in Brazil • Auction of 450 MHz band (June 2012) • Two events are booting Brazilian economy: • FIFA World Cup 2014 and Olympic Games 2016 Source: CPqD – LTE 450 - A Solution for Broadband Access Universalition – with modifications Informação proprietária WxBR
  21. 21. Auction 450 MHz and 2.6 GHz Anatel (Brazilian Telecommunication Regulatory Agency) announced in June 2012 2.6 GHz 450 MHz Source: ANATEL - Edital de Licitação de 450 MHz e de 2,5 GHz – relator Cons. Marcelo Bechara, with modifications Informação proprietária WxBR
  22. 22. Auction 450 MHz and 2.6 GHz Commitments of Coverage at 450 MHz (nationwide coverage) Jun/2014 Dec/2014 Dec/2015 Dec/2017 • At least 30% of municipalities • At least 60% of municipalities • 100% of municipalities • 100% of municipalities • Commitments to coverage a geographical area of at least 30 km from served locations with individual PSTN accesses • Voice and Data on retail • Data Access in rural schools • Download 256 kbps • Upload 128 kbps • Monthly allowance for voice and data on retail: 250 MB • No Monthly allowance for rural schools. Increase throughput and monthly allowance: • Download 1Mbps • Upload 256 kbps • Monthly allowance for voice and data on retail: 500 MB Informação proprietária WxBR
  23. 23. Auction 450 MHz and 2.6 GHz Auction Winners (Claro, TIM, Oi and Vivo) Obligations: Jun 2014: At least, 30% of municipalities Dec 2014: At least, 60% of municipalities Dec 2015: 100% coverage of municipalities (DL: 256kbps, UL:128kbps) Dec 2017: 100% coverage of municipalities (DL: 1Mbps, UL:256kbps) Jan-2013 Jun-2013 Jan-2014 Jun-2014 Dec-2014 30% municipalities 60% municipalities 1652 3304 Informação proprietária WxBR
  24. 24. LTE 450 MHz in 3GPP Informação proprietária Wx BR
  25. 25. LTE 450 Standardization in 3GPP Scope: Standardization of 450 MHz band, considering compatibility with ANATEL 558 resolution (Dec 2010) and ITU-CITEL recomendation to America (CITEL CCP.II-RADIO/doc. 2854/11 rev.2 ); WI (Work Item) Approval Coexistence Study Band Arrangement Determination of technical requirements of Base Station and Terminal TR (technical report) Preparation, Identification of Modified Standards and CRs (change request) development Q3/2012 Q4/2012 Q1/2013 Q2/2013 Q3/2013 Q4/2013 Informação proprietária WxBR
  26. 26. LTE 450 Standardization in 3GPP Band Arrangement for LTE 450 (Band 31) Informação proprietária WxBR
  27. 27. 450 MHz Outside Brazil 450 MHz frequency band already being used in: Angola Ireland Portugal Argentina Mozambique Romania Denmark Netherlands Saudi Arabia Russia Norway Sweden Equator Nigeria Venezuela Bolívia Peru Zambia Hungary Philippines Mexico Source: Commnunications Ministry of Brazil – Comunicações no meio rural – Possibilidades a partir da faixa de 450 MHz Informação proprietária WxBR
  28. 28. Final Remarks  M2M & Smart Grid to grow at high rates in the coming years  Connectivity is key for enabling this growth  Different business models & technologies available  Private versus Operator Network, or combined model ?  LTE will play a key role in wireless connectivity for long range networks  LTE in which frequencies ?  Sub 1 GHz bands better positioned for the coverage challenge – 450 MHz (3GPP Band 31and 250 – 400 MHz bands) Informação proprietária WxBR
  29. 29. Thank you! Informação proprietária WxBR