Study on Paratransit in Chennai

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“ Para-transit vehicles are a for-hire flexible passenger transportation that does not necessarily follow fixed routes and schedules. They provide two types of services: one involving trips along a more or less defined route with stops to pick up or discharge passengers on request. The other is a demand-responsive transport which can offer a door-to-door service from any origin to any destination in a service area”

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Study on Paratransit in Chennai

  1. 1. STUDY ON PARATRANSIT IN CHENNAI 1
  2. 2. 2 www.civitas.in www.chennaicityconnect.com What Is Paratransit? “ Paratransit vehicles are a for-hire flexible passenger transportation that does not necessarily follow fixed routes and schedules. They provide two types of services: one involving trips along a more or less defined route with stops to pick up or discharge passengers on request. The other is a demand-responsive transport which can offer a door-to-door service from any origin to any destination in a service area”
  3. 3. 3 www.civitas.in www.chennaicityconnect.com The need for Paratransit in Chennai  Connecting areas in Chennai with limited or no public transport – 3427 MTC buses and three lines of commuter rail service  High cost of introduction and maintenance of mass public transportation  Private vehicles put huge pressure on transportation infrastructure which constitutes 76 percent of the whole vehicle population
  4. 4. 4 www.civitas.in www.chennaicityconnect.com …Cont.  Creates employment opportunities  They provide first mile-last mile connectivity  Can be used as feeder system for the MRTS, Metro Rail and the proposed BRTS
  5. 5. 5 www.civitas.in www.chennaicityconnect.com Issues  Para Transit/ Share auto are not recognised as a Public Transport  Majority of the share autos ply without permission but cater to a large section of the population  Share auto work in an unorganised environment  Bribes and fines affect the share auto sector  Fares are not determined according to market conditions
  6. 6. 6 www.civitas.in www.chennaicityconnect.com Modes of Paratransit in Chennai  Shared Autos - means a motor vehicle constructed, adapted or used to carry five passengers excluding the driver for hire or reward and having less than four wheels.; Section 3(da); Tamil Nadu Motor Vehicle Rules, 1988  Number of share autos- 200 vikram autos given city permits  In 1998 first G.O to introduce 100 Share Autos in Chennai on experimental basis  Ape diesel autos which has been converted and plied as Share auto account for around 7000 in the city
  7. 7. 7 www.civitas.in www.chennaicityconnect.com …Cont.  Tata Magic which are Maxi Cabs and plied as Share auto – 4000 (approx.), allowed to ply as Contract Carriage as per G.O dated 31.08.2009  Arjun 500- 200 (Approx.)  Mahindra Maximo -300 (Approx.) Type of Share Auto Authorised Capacity Vikram 5+1 Ape Piaggio 3+1 Tata Ace Magic 7+1 Mahindra Maxximo 7+1 Arjun 5+1
  8. 8. 8 www.civitas.in www.chennaicityconnect.com Fare Comparison AUTO SHARE AUTO Rs 14 for the first two kilometers Rs 10 for two kilometers Rs 6 for every kilometer thereafter Rs 5 for every kilometer
  9. 9. 9 www.civitas.in www.chennaicityconnect.com Revenue to the government Tax Permit Revenue Share autos Rs 4000 for 5 years 625 8,00,000 per 5 years Tata Magic 1925 (for three months) 1150 Rs 1,73,250,000 Ape 1400 (for 5 years) 325 9,10,0000 per 5 years
  10. 10. 10 www.civitas.in www.chennaicityconnect.com Learning's from Global Experiences
  11. 11. 11 www.civitas.in www.chennaicityconnect.com Passengers served through Share autos Total Passengers served- 14*11*12000= 18,48,000 passengers per day 14 passengers served per round trip The average number of round trips made by the Share Autos per day is 11 and the average kilometer run is 135. 25 share autos available for 10,000 Chennaites
  12. 12. 12 www.civitas.in www.chennaicityconnect.com Passengers- A comparison Suburban Trains MRTS Share Autos Passengers per Day 9.6 lakh 70,000 18.48 Lakhs (Avg)
  13. 13. 13 www.civitas.in www.chennaicityconnect.com Working days Share auto drivers work for around 98 hours in a week which is more than the prescribed legal Working hours as per International Labour Organisation standards ( ILO ) .
  14. 14. 14 www.civitas.in www.chennaicityconnect.com Type of Auto Vs. Ownership 96% 94% 96% 95% 100% 100% 4% 6% 4% 5% Total Share Auto Tata Magic Ape Diesel Mahindra Maxximo Arjun Own Rented Majority of the share autos were rented
  15. 15. 15 www.civitas.in www.chennaicityconnect.com Segment of people using Share auto 35% 56% 1% 1% 6% 0% 56 percent of the employed and 35 percent of students use share autos for their daily use 21% 68% 2% 8% 68 percent used Share Auto as it was near to their destination; while 21 percent found it as a quick mode of transport Most preferred and convenient mode for short distance travel
  16. 16. 16 www.civitas.in www.chennaicityconnect.com Usage patters in Share autos 65% 10% 22% 4% Daily 5-6 times per week 2-3 times per week Once a week Majority of the passengers used share auto for daily purpose 87% 35% 13% 65% Reach final destination Reach a particular point and then use public transport 87 percent of the Share auto passengers use them to reach the final destination while 35 percent use it as feeder service to other modes
  17. 17. 17 www.civitas.in www.chennaicityconnect.com Suggestions for improvement of service 49% 16% 15% 6% 4% 3% 6% Lower cost Modern Seats & Music Facility Avoid Cell Phones Avoid Overload Obey Traffic rules Avoid Drunk & Drive Others
  18. 18. 18 www.civitas.in www.chennaicityconnect.com Average income earned per day Average Revenue (Mean of Lower Value and Upper Value) Average Fuel Expenditure Average Rent Average Income Rs1,540 Rs 297 Rs540 Rs703 Generates Revenue of around Rs. 2 crores per Day
  19. 19. 19 www.civitas.in www.chennaicityconnect.com Comparative table between MTC Buses and Share Auto CATEGORY MTC SHARE AUTO FLEET 3,421 12,000 NUMBER OF KILOMETERS RUN PER DAY 10,81,036 16,20,000 THE AVERAGE PRICE OF THE TOTAL FLEET 40 lakhs*3421=1368.4crores 3lakhs*12000=360crores FUEL EFFICENCY 4.39 23(Avg) NUMBER OF TRIPS MADE PER DAY Around 44,000 Around 2,64,000 NUMBER OF PASSENGERS CATERED PER DAY 57.90 Lakhs [Avg.] 18.48 Lakhs (Avg) COLLECTION PER DAY 2.31 crores [Avg.] Rs.1.39 crores to Rs.2.09 crores per day.
  20. 20. 20 www.civitas.in www.chennaicityconnect.com Major Findings Collection of Share Auto Sector per days is Rs 1.39 Crores to Rs2.09 Crores per day The daily collection of Share auto is 66 times more than MRTS The Total fine and bribe amount collected from Share autos is Rs 60,72,00 The total amount to 67 percent of MRTS Collection per month
  21. 21. 21 www.civitas.in www.chennaicityconnect.com Major Suggestions  Formulation of a Coordinating Agency for Transportation  Recognise Para Transit as a public transport mode- Suitable changes in NUTP
  22. 22. 22 www.civitas.in www.chennaicityconnect.com …Cont.  Integration- Metro Rail, MTC and MRTS systems - Official Recognition- Change in status of Maxi Cabs and share autos - Standardise permits and taxes  Create Infrastructural facilities- Share auto Stands, dropping points and parking
  23. 23. 23 www.civitas.in www.chennaicityconnect.com A Model Integrated system
  24. 24. 24 www.civitas.in www.chennaicityconnect.com …Cont. - Zone wise allocation of share auto operations for companies - Integration with mass rapid transits and revenue sharing
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