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RomanticProgramandNationalism RomanticProgramandNationalism Presentation Transcript

  • Music: An Appreciation 7 th Brief Edition by Roger Kamien 2011 © McGraw-Hill Higher Education Edited by Carolyn Ponce
  • Part 5, Chapters 10 & 11 Program Music
    • Instrumental music associated with a story, poem, idea, or scene
        • Usually performed with written explanation of the piece—a program
        • Usually composed for piano or orchestra
      • Common types of Program Music:
        • Program symphony—multi-movement/orchestral
        • Concert overture—modeled on opera overture
        • Symphonic poem (or tone poem )—1 movement, orchestral, flexible form
        • Incidental music—for use before or during a play
  • Hector Berlioz
    • French composer (1803-1869)
        • Won Prix de Rome award for Symphonie fantastique
        • Worked as music critic for financial support
        • Pioneer in professional field of conducting
      • Berlioz’s Music
        • Unconventional, imaginative, innovative orchestrations
        • Required huge resources
        • Pioneered concept of id ée fixe
  • Listening
    • Symphonie fantastique
    • March to the scaffold, 4 th movement (1830)
    • by Hector Berlioz
    • Listening Outline: p. 241
    • Note: Music reflective of story
    • Moment where scaffold falls
    • and head bounces
  • Part 5, Chapters 12, 13, 14 & 15 Nationalism
    • National identity grew during the Romantic Period
      • Citizens, not mercenaries now fought wars
      • Bonds of language, history & culture formed
      • Led to unifications creating Germany and Italy
    • Composers deliberately gave their works distinctive national identity
      • Use of folksongs and folkdances
      • Created original melodies with folk flavor
      • Wrote operas and program music inspired by native history, legends, and landscapes
    • Strongest impact in countries dominated by the music and composers of Germany, Austria, Italy and France
  • Listening
    • The Moldau , from Ma Vlast (My Country) (1874)
    • by Bedrich Smetana
    • Symphonic Poem depicting the main river that flows thorough the Bohemian (Czech) countryside
    • Listening Guide: p. 246
    • Note: Program material and how
    • composer related it to
    • the music
  • Antonin Dvorak
    • Czech composer (1841-1904)
      • As teenager, played in orchestra under Smetana
      • Became director of the National Conservatory of Music in New York
    • Urged Americans to write nationalist music using the African-American spiritual
    • Dvorak’s music
      • Reflective of nationalism
      • Used folktunes/spirituals
  • Listening
    • Symphony No. 9 in E Minor, “ From the New World ” (1893)
    • First Movement: Adagio; Allegro molto
    • by Antonin Dvo řá k
    • Listening Outline: p. 248
    • Note: Based upon American folk melodies
    • Sonata form
    • (3 themes instead of 2)
  • Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    • Russian composer (1840-1893)
      • Did not begin studying music until age 21
      • Married, divorced two weeks later
      • Supported by benefactress (patron)
        • They corresponded but never met
      • Traveled Europe and United States
    • Tchaikovsky ’ s Music
      • Wrote ballets, symphonies, concerti, overtures, operas, and more
      • Fused Russian folk music & European style
  • Johannes Brahms
    • German composer (1833-1897)
      • Son of a musician (father played bass)
      • Studied music by day and had playing jobs by night
      • Became close friends with the Schumanns
        • Lived with Clara while Robert was in insane asylum
        • Lifelong friends with Clara, but never romantically involved
    • Brahms’s Music
      • Studied earlier composers’ works in detail
        • Especially Bach, Haydn, Mozart & Beethoven
      • Considered somewhat conservative due to his use of classical forms
      • Wrote in all traditional forms except opera
  • Listening
    • Symphony No. 3 in F Major
    • Third Movement: Poco allegretto
    • by Johannes Brahms
    • Listening Outline: p. 255
    • Note: Triple meter
    • Ternary form
    • Melody was used by
    • Carlos Santana & Dave Matthews– Love of My Life