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Romanticartsong Romanticartsong Presentation Transcript

  • Music: An Appreciation 7 th brief Edition by Roger Kamien 2011 © McGraw-Hill Higher Education
  • Part 5, Chapter 3 The Art Song
      • Composition for solo voice and piano
        • Accompaniment integral part of the song
        • Linked to vast amount of poetry in this period
        • Composers interpreted poems, translating mood, atmosphere and imagery into music
        • Mood summed up at end with piano postlude
    • Forms
      • Strophic form repeats music for each verse
      • Through-composed—new music each verse
      • Sometimes modified strophic form used
    • The Song Cycle
      • Group of songs unified in some manne
      • Storyline or musical idea may link the songs
  • Franz Schubert
    • Viennese composer (1797-1828)
      • Prodigious output
      • When 18 years old wrote 143 songs
      • At 19 years wrote 179 works
        • Included 2 symphonies, opera & mass
    • Schubert’s Music
      • Wrote over 600 songs
      • Also symphonies, string quartets, other chamber music, sonatas, masses, operas, & piano works
      • Including The Unfinished Symphony : only 2 movements, not 4
    View slide
  • Listening
    • Erlk ö nig , “ The Erlking ” (1815)
    • by Franz Schubert
    • Listening Outline: p. 217
    • Note: Through-composed form
    • Piano portrays galloping horse
    • Dramatic ending
    • One singer sounds like several
    • characters by use of
    • different vocal registers
    View slide
  • Robert Schumann
    • German composer (1810-1856)
      • Wanted to be piano virtuoso
      • Married his piano teacher’s daughter, Clara
      • Temperamentally unsuited for some of the musical positions he attempted
      • Committed to asylum where he died
    • Robert Schumann’s Music
      • Wrote piano pieces, art songs, and later symphonies
      • Piano pieces and art songs frequently in cycles
  • Listening
    • Selected movements from Carnaval (1834)
    • by Robert Schumann
    • Listening Outline: p. 221
    • Estrella
    • Note: Ternary form
    • syncopation in B section
    • Reconnaissance (Reunion)
    • Note: Ternary form
    • B section shifts from homophonic to polyphonic texture
  • Clara Wieck Schumann
    • German composer (1819-1896)
      • Leading concert pianist and female composer
      • Married Robert Schumann
        • Stopped composing after his death to focus on performing his works
      • Friends with young Johannes Brahms
    • Clara Schumann’s Music
      • Stopped composing at age 36
      • Considered herself primarily a performer
      • Wrote songs, piano pieces, a concerto
  • Listening
    • Romance in E Flat Minor for Piano (1839)
    • by Clara Wieck Schumann
    • Listening Outline: p. 223
    • Note: Short, lyrical piece for piano
    • Ternary form - A B A’ with coda
    • Minor key
  • Franz Liszt
    • Hungarian composer (1811-1886)
      • Virtuoso pianist, incredible performer and showman— ” rock star “
      • Touring concert pianist until age 36
      • Retired from touring & became court conductor and later took minor holy orders – Abb é Liszt
    • Liszt’s Music
      • Found new ways to exploit the piano , Extremely controversial
      • Bombastic & vulgar, yet seen as the ideal direction for music
      • Broke away from strict Classical forms
      • Created symphonic poem ( tone poem )
  • Felix Mendelssohn
    • German composer (1809-1847)
      • Developed early
          • Wrote symphonies, concertos, sonatas, and other works before being teenager
      • Responsible for revival of Bach’s work
      • Sister, Fanny, was also a composer
      • Died of a stroke while touring
    • Mendelssohn ’ s Music
      • Somewhat more conservative
      • Avoids emotional extremes
      • Projects both elegance and balance
  • Listening
    • Concerto for Violin and Orchestra in E Minor , Op. 64 (1844)
    • First Movement
    • by Felix Mendelssohn
    • Listening Outline: p. 233
    • Note: Controlled emotionalism
    • Simple, singing melodies
    • Cadenza near the end for soloist